Chigwell is a town and civil parish in the Epping Forest district of Essex, England. Adjacent to the northern boundary of Greater London, it is part of the metropolitan area of London and the Greater London Built-up Area. It is on the Central line of the London Underground.
The former Olde King's Head
|Area||15.68 km2 (6.05 sq mi)|
|• Density||794/km2 (2,060/sq mi)|
|OS grid reference|
|• London||12 mi (19 km) SW|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Ambulance||East of England|
|EU Parliament||East of England|
|Website||Chigwell Parish Council|
According to P. H. Reaney's Place-Names of Essex the name means 'Cicca's well', Cicca being an Anglo-Saxon personal name. In medieval sources the name appears with a variety of spellings including "Cinghe uuella" and Chikewelle". Folk etymology has sought to derive the name from a lost "king's well", supposed to have been to the south-east of the parish near the border of what is now the London Borough of Redbridge. There were several medicinal springs in Chigwell Row documented by Miller Christy in his book History of the mineral waters and medicinal springs of the county of Essex, published in 1910. The 18th-century historian Nathaniel Salmon stated that the "-well" element in the name derives from Anglo-Saxon weald (wood).
The land registration map of Redbridge Council shows "Chig Well (site of)" as being located to the rear of the house located at 67 Brocket Way, Chigwell.
Traditionally a rural farming community, but now largely suburban, Chigwell was mentioned in the Domesday Book. It referred to by Charles Dickens in his novel Barnaby Rudge: A Tale of the Riots of 'Eighty; the Maypole Inn is based on the King's Head inn, though the name was taken from the Maypole public house in Chigwell Row; and it is likely Dickens visited both hostelries.[according to whom?] Dickens frequently visited Chigwell, which he described in a letter to John Forster as "the greatest place in the world ... Such a delicious old inn opposite the churchyard ... such beautiful forest scenery ... such an out of the way rural place...".
The Chigwell civil parish was part of Epping Rural District from 1894 to 1933, with local government split between Chigwell Parish Council, Epping Rural District Council and Essex County Council. Following a county review order in 1933, Chigwell formed together with Buckhurst Hill and Loughton the Chigwell Urban District, with the Chigwell Urban District Council replacing both the parish and rural district councils. When Greater London was created in 1965 a small, more densely populated section to the southeast was transferred to the London Borough of Redbridge; this area is now known as the Manford estate and continues to be within the Chigwell post town. The rest of Chigwell Urban District was incorporated into the Epping Forest District in 1974. Parish councils were re-established for Chigwell and Loughton, and for the first time in Buckhurst Hill, in 1996.
From 1933 to 1958 there was an RAF presence at Roding Valley Meadows (near what is now the David Lloyd Leisure Centre). It served first to provide barrage balloon protection during the Second World War and was involved in the rollout of Britain's coastal nuclear early warning system during the Cold War. In 1953 it briefly housed the RAF contingent taking part in the Coronation celebrations. Some of the RAF Chigwell site is now part of the Local Nature Reserve, Roding Valley Meadows LNR.
The local council of the civil parish is Chigwell Parish Council. The parish council originally existed from 1894 to 1933, and was created again in 1996. The parish council offices are located on Hainault Road. Councillors are elected from three wards: Grange Hill, Chigwell Row and Chigwell Village. Local councillors are also elected to Epping Forest District Council and Essex County Council.
The hamlet of Chigwell Row lies towards the east of Chigwell, near Lambourne; this part of the parish is well forested and mostly rural. Grange Hill is the area around the junction of Manor Road and Fencepiece Road/Hainault Road, extending as far as the boundary with Redbridge including the Limes Farm estate. Chigwell has a population of around 12,500 and is generally considered a wealthy area, which since the TV series Essex Wives, journalists have called (with Loughton and Buckhurst Hill), the Essex golden triangle. The area is characterised by large suburban houses, notably in Manor Road, Hainault Road and Chigwell High Road, which featured in the popular English situation comedy Birds of a Feather (although many of the outside locations used in that programme were not in Chigwell).
Schools in the area include Chigwell Primary Academy, Limes Farm Infants School & Nursery, Limes Farm Junior School, Guru Gobind Singh Khalsa College, West Hatch High School and Chigwell School, an independent school, which was founded from a bequest by Samuel Harsnett, Archbishop of York, in 1629, among whose past pupils are William Penn, who later went on to found Pennsylvania, and actor Sir Ian Holm. The diarist John Aubrey recorded that it was at Chigwell School that Penn had a mystical vision, which influenced his later conversion to Quakerism. The original 17th-century schoolroom where Penn was taught still stands, and is now the school library.
Until May 2012 Tottenham Hotspur Football Club had its training facilities in the area, when they moved to a new facility in Enfield, north east London, However the club still runs training sessions for local youth on the Limes Farm estate through the summer months. Many past and present players and staff have homes in the area. Leyton Orient Football Club also have a training ground in Chigwell, adjacent to Chigwell School's fields.
A David Lloyd Leisure Centre is situated off Roding Road by the M11 motorway, which contains indoor and outdoor tennis courts, swimming pools and gymnasium. Also in the area are a Holmes Place Health Club, Topgolf playing Centre and Chigwell Golf Club. Chigwell Cricket Club is based at the Old Chigwellians Club in Roding Lane. Chigwell also plays host to the Old Loughtonians Hockey Club. The town is also included in a number of London loop walks, which start in the city and pass through the outskirts of the capital.
There are two pubs, The King William IV and the Two Brewers.
Ye Olde King's Head, which was operated as a pub until 2011 is said to be the Maypole Inn in Dickens' Barnaby Rudge. The building was subsequently sold to local resident Lord Sugar's property company Amsprop which now leases the Grade 1 building to the Sheesh Turkish restaurant.
Until their closure in 2002, Chigwell had night clubs, known collectively as the Epping Forest Country Club. There is a Local Nature Reserve at Roding Valley Meadows off Roding Lane which follows the River Roding up to Loughton.
All bus services are Transport for London services, except the 804. Routes 150 just penetrates into Chigwell Row. Routes 362 and 462 serve only Grange Hill. Chigwell is served by Chigwell station and Grange Hill station (further south bordering Hainault), both on the Central line of the London Underground. For a more frequent service to London there are also nearby Buckhurst Hill, Woodford, Loughton and Hainault stations as services between Grange Hill and Woodford are limited to three trains per hour in each direction, with an increased service during morning peak hours.
- Thomas Edwards, recipient of the Victoria Cross for actions at the Battle of Tamai, is buried in the churchyard of St Mary's.
- Sally Gunnell, athlete, pupil at West Hatch High School
- Admiral Sir Eliab Harvey, Royal Navy officer, lived at Rolls (demolished 1953)
- Simon Harris, music producer
- Harriet King, Victorian poet
- Bobby Moore, footballer, captain of the 1966 FIFA World Cup-winning England team
- Lieutenant Colonel Augustus Charles Newman, recipient of the Victoria Cross for actions at the St Nazaire Raid, was born in the town.
- Ronnie O'Sullivan, snooker player
- George Shillibeer, creator of the London omnibus, plaque at St Mary's parish church
- Alan Sugar,[failed verification] billionaire entrepreneur, former owner of Amstrad, host of The Apprentice.
- General Sir John Watson, recipient of the Victoria Cross for actions at Lucknow during the Indian Mutiny, was born in the town.
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- Plea Rolls of the Court of Common Pleas. National Archives. CP 40/629; http://aalt.law.uh.edu/H5/CP40no629/bCP40no629dorses/IMG_1346.htm; 5th entry; some of the defendants live in 'Chikewell'
- "Chigwell UD through time - Census tables with data for the Local Government District". www.visionofbritain.org.uk. Retrieved 10 January 2018.
- Roding Valley Meadows – RAF Chigwell Archived 2 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine Epping Forest District Council
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 1 June 2012. Retrieved 2012-09-21.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
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- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica. 6 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 133. .
- BBC. "Birds of a Feather". www.bbc.co.uk.
- Robertson, Peter (4 August 2012). "Me and my school photo: Sally Gunnell | Mail Online". 'weekend'. UK: Daily Mail. p. 6.
- Harvey, Sir Eliab, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, J. K. Laughton
- "About". harrismix.com. Retrieved 26 September 2010.
- Catherine W. Reilly. Mid-Victorian Poetry: An Annotated Biobibliography. Londen: Mansell Publishing Limited, 2000, p. 257.
- Pearlman, Natasha (8 June 2006). "Footballers' wives of 1966 relive the memories". Daily Mail. London. Retrieved 5 August 2014.
- Hunter-Tilney, Ludovic (11 October 2013). "Lunch with the FT: Ronnie O'Sullivan". Financial Times. Retrieved 12 October 2013.
- Parish church of St Mary the Virgin, British Listed Buildings, accessed 18 October 2017.
- "In the line of fire". London: The Times. 26 March 2006. Retrieved 6 July 2008.
- Ashcroft, Michael (2007). Victoria Cross Heroes. London: Headline Publishing Group. ISBN 978-0-7553-1633-5.