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The Chief of the Naval Staff ((Urdu: سربراہ پاک بحریہ‎ (reporting name as CNS), is a military appointment and a Statutory office held by the four-star rank admiral in the Pakistan Navy, who is nominated and appointed by the Prime Minister of Pakistan and confirmed by the President of Pakistan.[2]

Chief of the Naval Staff
سربراہ پاک بحریہ
Pakistan Navy Admiral.svg
Flag of the Chief of the Naval Staff
Zafar Mahmood Abbasi.jpg
Incumbent
Admiral Zafar Mahmood Abbasi

since 7 October 2017
Ministry of Defence
Navy Secretariat-III at MoD[1]
AbbreviationCNS
Member ofJoint Chiefs of Staff Committee
Reports toPrime Minister of Pakistan
Minister of Defence
SeatNaval Headquarters (NHQ)
Islamabad, Pakistan
NominatorPrime Minister of Pakistan
AppointerPresident of Pakistan
Term length3 years
Renewable only once
PrecursorCommander-in-Chief of the Navy
FormationMarch 3, 1972; 47 years ago (1972-03-03)
First holderVice-Admiral H. H. Ahmad
SuccessionOn basis of seniority, subjected to the decision of the Prime Minister of Pakistan.
Unofficial namesNaval chief
DeputyVice Chief of Naval Staff (VCNS)
SalaryAccording to Pakistan Military officer's Pay Grade(apex Scale)
WebsiteOfficial website

The Chief of Naval Staff is one of the senior-most appointments in the Pakistan military who is one of the senior members of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee in a separate capacity, providing senior consultation to the Chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee to act as a principal military advisor to the Prime Minister of Pakistan and its civilian government in the line of defending and safeguarding the expedition, maritime and sealine borders of the nation.:86[3][4]

The Chief of Naval Staff exercise its responsibility of command and control of the operational, combatant, logistics, administration, and training commands within the Pakistan Navy, in a clear contrast to the U.S. Navy's Chief of Naval Operations (CNO). Due to its responsibility and importance, the Chief of Naval Staff plays a critical role in assessing the coastal defence and conducting reconnaissance to insure its strike capability against aggressive forces.:88[3][5][6]

In principle, the appointment is constitutionally subjected for three years but extensions may be granted by the President upon recommendations and approvals from the Prime Minister. The Chief of Naval Staff is based on the Navy NHQ, and the current Chief of Naval Staff is Admiral Admiral Z.M. Abbasi serving as chief of naval staff, who took over the command as chief of naval staff on 7 October 2017.

Contents

HistoryEdit

The Pakistan Navy was created from the partition of the Royal Indian Navy after the India's partition on 14/15 August of 1947.:90[3] Direct appointments in the navy was in the responsibility of the British Admiralty who appointed Rear Admiral James Wilfred Jefford as Pakistan Navy's first Flag Officer Commanding (FOC).:47[7]

The post was changed to Commander-in-Chief when Vice-Admiral Mohammad Siddiq Choudri became the first native naval commander in 1953, and the title changed from Commander in Chief to Chief of Staff in 1969 with Vice-Admiral Muzaffar Hassan acting as Commander-in-Chief and Rear-Admiral Rashid Ahmad as Chief of Staff.:52[8] On 20 March 1972, the renamed as "Chief of Naval Staff" (CNS) with Vice-Admiral H.H. Ahmed becoming the first chief of naval staff, though his rank was not elevated to four-star rank.:60–62[9][10]

The term of the superannuation was then constrained to three years in the office as opposed to four years and was made a permanent member of Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee.:62[9] Since 1972, there has been 14 four-star rank admirals to be appointed as chief of naval staff by statute.The Prime Minister approved the nomination and appointment of the Chief of Naval Staff, with President confirming the Prime Minister's appointed choosing and nomination.[11]

The leadership of the navy is based in the Navy NHQ located at the vicinity of Air AHQ, and Army GHQ staff offices that forms that JS HQ in the Rawalpindi District, Punjab, Pakistan.[4] The CNS controls the navy, assisted by the civilians from the Navy Secretariat-III of the Ministry of Defence (MoD).[1]

The Chief of Naval Staff exercise its responsibility of complete operational, training and logistics commands.:92–93[3] The CNS has several principal staff officers and controls the navy through six commands directed by its appointed deputy chiefs of naval staff, reporting to vice-chief of naval staff.[2]

List of Chiefs of the Naval StaffEdit

The following is a list of Admirals who have served as the either Commander-in-Chief or the Chief of the Naval Staff of the Pakistan Navy.

Naval Commanders-in-Chief, Pakistan NavyEdit

No. Naval Commander-in-Chief Took office Left office Time in office Defence branch
1Jefford, JamesRear admiral
James Wilfred Jefford CB, CBE
(1901–1980)
as Commander of the Royal Pakistan Navy
15 August 194730 January 19535 years, 168 days  Royal Navy
2Choudri, HajiVice admiral
Haji Mohammad Siddiq Choudri HPk, HI(M) MBE
(1912–2004)
31 January 195328 February 19596 years, 28 days  Pakistan Navy
3Khan, AfzalVice admiral
Afzal Rahman Khan HPk, HJ, HQA
(1921–2005)
1 March 195920 October 19667 years, 233 days  Pakistan Navy
4Ahsan, SyedVice admiral
Syed Mohammad Ahsan HQA, SPk DSC
(1920–1989)
20 October 196631 August 19692 years, 315 days  Pakistan Navy
5Hassan, MuzaffarVice admiral
Muzaffar Hassan HQA, SPk,
(1920–2012)
1 September 196922 December 19712 years, 112 days  Pakistan Navy

Chiefs of the Naval Staff (CNS) of Pakistan NavyEdit

No. Chief of Naval Staff Took office Left office Time in office
1Ahmed, HasanVice admiral
Hasan Hafeez Ahmed TQA
(1926–1975)
3 March 19728 March 1975 †3 years, 5 days
2Shariff, MohammadAdmiral
Mohammad Shariff NI(M), HI(M), SI(M), HJ, SJ, SK
(1920–2015)
23 March 197521 March 19793 years, 363 days
3Niazi, KaramatAdmiral
Karamat Rahman Niazi NI(M), HI(M), SJ
22 March 197923 March 19834 years, 1 day
4Khan, TariqAdmiral
Tariq Kamal Khan NI(M), SI(M), SBt
(born 1930)
23 March 19839 April 19863 years, 17 days
5Sirohey, IftikharAdmiral
Iftikhar Ahmed Sirohey NI(M), HI(M), SI(M), SBt
(born 1934)
9 April 19869 November 19882 years, 214 days
6Malik, Yastur-ul-HaqAdmiral
Yastur-ul-Haq Malik NI(M), SBt
(born 1933)
10 November 19888 November 19912 years, 363 days
7Khan, SaeedAdmiral
Saeed Mohammad Khan NI(M), SBt
(born 1935)
9 November 19919 November 19943 years, 0 days
8Haq, MansurulAdmiral
Mansurul Haq NI(M)
(1931–2018)
10 November 19941 May 19972 years, 173 days
9Bokhari, FasihAdmiral
Fasih Bokhari NI(M), HI(M), SI(M), SBt, SJ
(born 1942)
2 May 19972 October 19992 years, 153 days
10Mirza, AbdulAdmiral
Abdul Aziz Mirza NI(M), HI(M), SI(M), SBt
(born 1943)
2 October 19992 October 20023 years, 0 days
11Karimullah, ShahidAdmiral
Shahid Karimullah NI(M), HI(M), SI(M), TI(M), SJ
(born 1948)
3 October 20026 October 20053 years, 4 days
12Tahir, AfzalAdmiral
Afzal Tahir NI(M), HI(M), SI(M)
(born 1949)
7 October 20057 October 20083 years, 0 days
13Bashir, NomanAdmiral
Noman Bashir NI(M), HI(M), SI(M), TI(M)
7 October 20087 October 20113 years, 0 days
14Sandila, AsifAdmiral
Asif Sandila NI(M), HI(M)
(born 1954)
8 October 20113 October 20142 years, 360 days
15Zakaullah, MuhammadAdmiral
Muhammad Zakaullah NI(M), HI(M), SI(M), TI(M)
(born 1958)
4 October 20146 October 20173 years, 2 days
16Abbasi, ZafarAdmiral
Zafar Mahmood Abbasi HI(M), SI(M)
7 October 2017Incumbent1 year, 342 days

Vice Chief of Naval StaffEdit

The Vice Chief of Naval Staff (VCNS) is the post that is, in principle, the deputy and the second-in-command (S-in-C) of the Pakistan Navy, reporting and functioning under the Chief of Naval Staff.[2] The post is a three-star rank assignment, usually held by the Vice-Admiral.[3][4]

The post of the vice naval chief is a senior position and its officer is a three-star admiral in the Navy, with distinction of Rear-Admiral Rashid Ahmed who acted of Chief of Staff of the Pakistan Navy under Vice Admiral Muzaffar Hassan who was the Navy's last Commander in Chief.[5]

Order Name Rank Photo Appointment Date Left Office Unit of Commission Decorations
± Rashid Ahmed    Rear-Admiral 25 March 1969 20 December 1971 Executive Branch SK, TQA
1 Mohammad Sharif    Rear-Admiral 1974 1975 Executive Branch HI(M), SI(M), HJ, SJ, SK
2 Leslie Norman Mungavin    Rear-Admiral 1975 1977 Operations Branch SPk, SK
3 Karamat Rahman Niazi    Vice-Admiral 1977 1979 Submarine Command SJ, HI(M)
4 Iqbal F. Qadir    Vice-Admiral 1980 1983 Operations Branch HI(M), TI(M), SBt, TQA
5 Iftikhar Ahmed Sirohey    Vice-Admiral 1985 1988 Engineering Branch NI(M)
6 Yastur-ul-Haq Malik    Vice-Admiral 1988 1991 Surface Branch NI(M)
7 Syed Iqtidar Husain    Vice-Admiral 1992 1993 Operations Branch NI(M)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b MoD, Ministry of Defence. "Organogram of MoD" (PDF). mod.gov.pk/. Ministry of Defence Press. Retrieved 22 July 2017.
  2. ^ a b c Pakistan Navy Official Website. "Organizations in Navy". www.paknavy.gov.pk. Navy ISPR. Archived from the original on 31 May 2016. Retrieved 14 November 2016. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  3. ^ a b c d e Cheema, Pervaiz Iqbal (2002). "Evolution of the Navy". The Armed Forces of Pakistan (google books). New york: NYU Press. p. 225. ISBN 9780814716335.
  4. ^ a b c Shabbir, Usman (2003). "Command & Structure". pakdef.org. PakDef Military Consortium. Retrieved 28 July 2017.
  5. ^ a b Khan, Zafar (2015). Pakistan's Nuclear Policy: A Minimum Credible Deterrence. [u.s]: Routledge. ISBN 9781317676003. Retrieved 14 November 2016.
  6. ^ Staff writers, News agencies (9 January 2017). "Pakistan attains 'second strike capability' with test-fire of submarine-launched cruise missile". DAWN.COM. Dawn Newspaper, 2017. Dawn Newspaper. Retrieved 28 July 2017.
  7. ^ Goldrick, James (1997). "The Pakistan Navy (1947-71)". No Easy Answers (pdf) (1st ed.). New Delhi, India: Sona Printers, India. p. 269. ISBN 9781897829028. Retrieved 14 August 2017.
  8. ^ Rai, Ranjit (1987). A Nation and Its Navy at War (1st ed.). Delhi, India: Lancer International. p. 190. ISBN 9788170620136. Retrieved 14 August 2017.
  9. ^ a b Singh, Ravi Shekhar Narain Singh (2008). "Military and Politics". The Military Factor in Pakistan (googlebooks) (1st ed.). Delhi: Lancer Publishers. p. 460. ISBN 9780981537894. Retrieved 14 August 2017.
  10. ^ Navy ISPR. "Pakistan Navy Official Website". www.paknavy.gov.pk. Navy ISPR. Retrieved 14 August 2017.
  11. ^ Reporter, The Newspaper's Staff (30 September 2014). "Navy chief to retire next week". DAWN.COM. Dawn Newspapers, 2014. Dawn Newspapers. Retrieved 14 August 2017.

External linksEdit