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Civil decorations of Pakistan

The Pakistan Civil Awards were established on March 19, 1957, following the proclamation of Pakistan as an independent republic on March 23, 1956. The announcement of civil awards is generally made once a year on Independence Day, August 14, and their investiture takes place on the following Pakistan Day, March 23. According to Article 259(2) of the Constitution of Pakistan 1973,[1] along with the Decorations Act 1975, the President of Pakistan confers civil awards on Pakistani citizens in recognition of gallantry. Awards for Pride of Performance are conferred for outstanding achievements in the fields of art, literature, science, sports and nursing. The Pride of Performance and the Orders of Bravery (Shujaat) and Excellence (Imtiaz) are for Pakistani citizens only, but the remaining awards are open to all for eminence and outstanding services to Pakistan in a significant field of activity.

Civil decorations of Pakistan
State emblem of Pakistan.svg
Awarded forIn recognition of gallantry, academic distinction or distinction in the fields of sports or nursing.
CountryPakistan
Presented byPresident of Pakistan
First awarded1957

The Civil Awards comprise five orders, [2]each with four descending categories: Nishan (Order; Urdu: نشان‎), Hilal (Crescent; Urdu: ہلال‎), Sitara (Star; Urdu: ستارہ‎) and Tamgha (Medal; Urdu: تمغا‎), as follows:[2]

Selection processEdit

In December, the ministries and their divisions are invited to recommend candidates to the Cabinet Division. Received nominations are considered by three awards committees after which final proposal is sent to the President for approval. After the President's approval, the announcements are made on Independence Day and investiture takes place on Pakistan Day.[3]

Awards for foreign nationalsEdit

The President of Pakistan can confer awards to foreign nationals any time during the year. For such awards, proposals are made by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and approved by the President prior to conferral.

Order of civil decorationsEdit

The Pakistan Civil Awards consist of the following five orders:[4]

  • The Order of Pakistan (Pakistan)
  • The Order of Bravery (Shujaat)
  • The Order of Excellence (Imtiaz)
  • The Order of Great Leader (Quaid-i-Azam) - referring to Muhammad Ali Jinnah
  • The Order of Service (Khidmat)
Award sets Order of precedence
Nishaan
(Symbol)
Nishan-e-Pakistan
Nishan-e-Shujaat
Nishan-e-Imtiaz
Nishan-e-Quaid-i-Azam
Nishan-e-Khidmat
Hilal
(Crescent)
 
Hilal-e-Pakistan
Hilal-e-Shujaat
Hilal-e-Imtiaz
Hilal-e-Quaid-i-Azam
Hilal-e-Khidmat
Sitara
(Star)
 
Sitara-e-Pakistan
Sitara-e-Shujaat
Sitara-e-Imtiaz
Sitara-e-Quaid-i-Azam
Sitara-e-Khidmat
Tamgha
(Medal)
 
Tamgha-e-Pakistan
Tamgha-e-Shujaat
Tamgha-e-Imtiaz
Tamgha-e-Quaid-i-Azam
Tamgha-e-Khidmat

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Constitution of Pakistan 1973". Government of Pakistan., Retrieved 12 February 2017
  2. ^ a b "Decorations and Medals of Pakistan, images and descriptions". Retrieved 12 February 2017.
  3. ^ http://www.pakdocs.com/honours-and-awards-policy/, 'Pakistan Honours and Awards Policy' on pakdocs.com website, lished 11 August 2012, Retrieved 11 February 2017
  4. ^ Beig, Ajmal. "List and descriptions of Civil Awards of Pakistan"., Retrieved 12 February 2017

External linksEdit