Chevrolet Celebrity

The Chevrolet Celebrity is an automobile that was produced by the Chevrolet division of General Motors from the 1982 to 1990 model years. Replacing the Chevrolet Malibu, the mid-size Celebrity was initially positioned between the Citation and the Impala within the Chevrolet model line; as the 1980s progressed, the model line was marketed between the Corsica and Caprice sedans. The nameplate first saw use in the early 1960s by Oldsmobile, marketing it as a pillared sedan version of the Oldsmobile 88.[1]

Chevrolet Celebrity
1986 Chevrolet Celebrity 2.5.jpg
1986 Chevrolet Celebrity 4-door sedan
Overview
ManufacturerChevrolet (General Motors)
Production1981–1990
Model years1982–1990
Assembly
Body and chassis
ClassMid-size
Body style2-door coupe
4-door sedan
4-door station wagon
LayoutTransverse front-engine, front-wheel drive
PlatformA-body
RelatedBuick Century (fifth generation)
Oldsmobile Cutlass Ciera
Pontiac 6000
Powertrain
Engine
Transmission3-speed 3T40 automatic
4-speed 4T60 automatic
5-speed Getrag manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase104.8 in (2,662 mm)
LengthCoupe & Sedan: 188.3 in (4,783 mm)
Wagon: 190.8 in (4,846 mm)
WidthCoupe & Sedan: 69.2 in (1,758 mm)
Wagon: 69.3 in (1,760 mm)
HeightCoupe & Sedan: 54.2 in (1,377 mm)
Wagon: 54.3 in (1,379 mm)
Chronology
PredecessorChevrolet Malibu
SuccessorChevrolet Lumina
Chevrolet Lumina APV (station wagon)

The Celebrity was among a quartet of vehicles produced on the GM A platform, which transitioned to front-wheel drive for 1982. Sharing its roofline with the Buick Century, the Celebrity also shared design commonality with the Oldsmobile Cutlass Ciera/Cutlass Cruiser, and the Pontiac 6000.

After a single generation of the model line was produced, the Chevrolet Celebrity was discontinued after the 1989 model year and replaced by the Chevrolet Lumina; the Chevrolet Lumina APV minivan replaced the Celebrity station wagon after 1990.

Model overviewEdit

Introduced in January 1982,[2] the Chevrolet Celebrity was offered in two-door and four-door notchback sedan body styles. Chevrolet was the first GM division to transition its mid-size sedans to front-wheel drive, producing the Celebrity alongside its Malibu predecessor for both 1982 and 1983.

ChassisEdit

The Celebrity is based on the GM A-body platform. Introduced for 1982 as the replacement for the rear-wheel drive G-body platform, the A platform marked the expansion of front-wheel drive from the compact segment into mid-size vehicles. To lower development and production costs, the A platform shares design commonality with the compact-car X platform, with the Celebrity sharing its 104.9 inch wheelbase with the Chevrolet Citation.[3]

While derived from the X-body chassis, the A-body platform would not share entirely in its controversial recall issues. There were driveability problems with the computerized engine control system in 1982 models, and deterioration of the upper engine mount (also called a dogbone) caused engine/transaxle vibration.[citation needed]

The Celebrity was available with 2 different bolt patterns on the wheel hub, either 100mm (JA1 code) or 115mm (JA2 code). Additionally, the transaxles and brakes were different on these two patterns. The smaller of the bolt pattern was used in the standard models, and used a non-vented disc brake while the larger bolt pattern was to house the heavy duty vented disc brakes. A misconception is that all Eurosport models came with the larger bolt pattern, but this was not the case. Most Celebritys equipped with heavy-duty braking systems were base model vehicles intended for fleet and taxi use.

PowertrainEdit

For its 1982 launch, the Celebrity was offered with three engines, carrying over a 2.5L inline-four and a 2.8L V6 from the Citation.[3] A 4.3L diesel V6 (effectively, 34 of the Oldsmobile diesel V8) served as an additional option; a three-speed automatic was paired with all three engines.[3] For 1984, Chevrolet introduced the 130 hp "H.O." version of the 2.8L engine (from the Citation X-11); a 4-speed manual was introduced alongside a 4-speed automatic (for 2.8L engines).[3]

For 1985, the 2.8L HO V6 received fuel injection; the 2.5L engine followed suit for 1986 (branded Tech IV).[3] In another change, the diesel V6 was quietly removed from the model line.[3]

For 1987, the engine line was pared to two, as the fuel-injected HO V6 became the only V6 engine offering. The Celebrity now came was offered with three transmissions: a three-speed automatic (standard), a four-speed automatic (optional for V6), and a 5-speed Getrag-supplied manual (optional for V6).[3] For 1988, the 2.5L engine received additional balance shafts; the 5-speed transmission was dropped for 1989.[3]

For 1990 (station wagons only), an optional 3.1L V6 replaced the 2.8L engine, paired to either a 3 or 4-speed automatic.[3]

  • 1982–1990 Tech IV 2.5 L (151 in³) TBI I4
  • 1982–1986 2.8 L (173 in³) 2 bbl carbureted V6 (RPO LE2)
  • 1984 2.8 L (173 in³) 2 bbl carbureted V6 (RPO LH7)
  • 1985–1989 2.8 L (173 in³) MPFI V6 (RPO L44 (iron head, '85-'86) and LB6 (aluminum head, '87-'89))
  • 1984–1985 4.3 L (263 in³) Diesel V6
  • 1990 3.1 L (191 in³) MPFI V6 (RPO LH0)

BodyEdit

The Celebrity shares its roofline with the 1982-1988 Buick Century and is distinguished from other A-platform vehicles by its coved rear fascia. For 1984, Chevrolet introduced a five-door Celebrity station wagon;[4] for the first time since 1977, a mid-size station wagon was available with a third-row seat.[4]

Throughout its production, Chevrolet introduced few updates to the model line, with minor exterior updates in 1984, 1986, and 1987.[4][5][6] For 1987, the hoodline was lowered slightly, distinguished by the introduction of composite headlamp lenses and a smaller grille design. In 1986, the rear fascia was revised, adding wraparound taillamp lenses and a center-mount brake lamp (CHMSL). To comply with passive-restraint regulations, the model line received door-mounted seatbelts for 1990 (in place of airbags).

TrimEdit

During its nine-year run, the Celebrity was available with various trim/option packages including CS, CL, Estate (which added exterior simulated woodgrain applique on wagons), Eurosport, and Eurosport VR.

Celebrity EurosportEdit

One of the most popular versions of the Chevrolet Celebrity is the Celebrity Eurosport.[4] Introduced in 1984 as an option package, the Eurosport is both a cosmetic and performance option package for the Chevrolet Celebrity. Distinguished by its black window trim and red emblems, the Eurosport was offered with the 2.8L HO V6 from the Citation X-11 as an option (along with any Celebrity powertrain).[4] Other parts of the Eurosport package include a heavy-duty F41 suspension, black steering wheel and 14" Sport Rallye wheels (which became an option for all Celebrity sedans/wagons). The interior was given model-specific red emblems on the door panels and dashboard.

In Canada, for the 1988 model year, the Olympic Eurosport edition was offered as a tie-in to the Calgary Winter Olympics. Offered only in monochrome white, with all blackout trim exterior painted white to match the body. The only interior colour trim was saddle, with an Olympic logo mounted on the B pillar.

Celebrity Eurosport VREdit

Based on the 1986 Chevrolet Eurosport RS concept car, Chevrolet offered the Celebrity Eurosport VR limited edition option package for 1987 and 1988.[6] Converted by Autostyle Cars, near Oklahoma City Assembly, the Eurosport VR was fitted with ground effects, body decals, a blacked-out grille, and aluminum wheels. The Eurosport VR was produced in only four colors: red, silver, black, and white.

For 1987, the VR was offered for the four-door sedan and station wagon and are distinguished by their interior, which includes red carpeting, special tri-color door panels, bucket seats with thigh bolsters, and a rear seat cup holder. For 1988, two-door versions were produced as well and were produced with interiors from a standard Celebrity or Celebrity CL.

DiscontinuationEdit

 
1990 Chevrolet Celebrity station wagon

Following the 1987 model year, General Motors ended regular updates to the Celebrity, concentrating on development of the Chevrolet Lumina. Coinciding with declining sales of sedan-based coupes, the two-door Celebrity was dropped after the 1988 model year;[6] outliving the Caprice two-door by a year, the body style gave way to the Beretta and Lumina two-doors (the latter, marketed as the successor to the Monte Carlo).

The four-door Celebrity sedan ended sales after the 1989 model year (marketed alongside its 1990 Lumina successor). For 1990, the Celebrity was offered only as a station wagon, becoming the final mid-size wagon ever offered by Chevrolet in North America.[7] Following the 1991 discontinuation of the Pontiac 6000, the A-body Buick Century and Oldsmobile Cutlass Ciera were produced nearly unchanged until the end of the 1996 model year.

ProductionEdit

During the 1980s, within Chevrolet, the Celebrity competed with the Cavalier as the highest-selling car of the brand, overtaking the Cavalier in sales for 1986 and 1987.[5][6] For 1986, the Celebrity was the highest-selling car in the United States;[8] as of current production, it remains the final time a Chevrolet vehicle (or any GM-brand vehicle) has done so.

1982-1989 Chevrolet Celebrity production
Year Production
1982[2] 92,330
1983[9] 139,829
1984[4] 309,288
1985[10] 354,832
1986[5] 404,883
1987[6] 362,524
1988[11] 258,456
1989[7] 201,661
Total production 2,123,773

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Witzenburg, Gary. "The Name Game", Motor Trend, April 1984, p.82.
  2. ^ a b "Chevrolet Celebrity". HowStuffWorks. August 7, 2007. Retrieved April 8, 2018.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Chevrolet Celebrity". HowStuffWorks. August 7, 2007. Archived from the original on April 27, 2019. Retrieved April 8, 2018.
  4. ^ a b c d e f "Chevrolet Celebrity". HowStuffWorks. August 7, 2007. Retrieved April 8, 2018.
  5. ^ a b c "Chevrolet Celebrity". HowStuffWorks. August 7, 2007. Archived from the original on September 19, 2020. Retrieved April 8, 2018.
  6. ^ a b c d e "Chevrolet Celebrity". HowStuffWorks. August 7, 2007. Retrieved April 8, 2018.
  7. ^ a b "Chevrolet Celebrity". HowStuffWorks. August 7, 2007. Archived from the original on September 19, 2020. Retrieved April 8, 2018.
  8. ^ "Best Selling 80s Cars for Each Year of the 1980s | In the 1980s". In the 1980s. January 7, 2018. Retrieved September 15, 2018.
  9. ^ "Chevrolet Celebrity". HowStuffWorks. August 7, 2007. Retrieved September 15, 2018.
  10. ^ "Chevrolet Celebrity". HowStuffWorks. August 7, 2007. Retrieved September 15, 2018.
  11. ^ "Chevrolet Celebrity". HowStuffWorks. August 7, 2007. Retrieved September 15, 2018.

External linksEdit