Chepni (tribe)

  (Redirected from Chepni people)

Chepni (Turkish: Çepni) is one of the 24 Oghuz tribes.[2]

Chepni
Cepni.svg
Tamgha of Chepni according Mahmud al-Kashgari[1]
Regions with significant populations
Iran (West Azerbaijan Province), Turkey (Black Sea Region)
Languages
Turkish (in Turkey)
Azerbaijani, Persian, Kurdish (in Iran)
Religion
Islam
Related ethnic groups
Oghuz Turks

In the legend of Oghuz Qaghan, the Chepni was stated as one of the clans of the tribe of Gök Han that consists of Pecheneg (Beçenek), Bayandur (Bayındır), Chowdur (Çavuldur) and Chepni, a part of Üç-Oklar branch of the Oghuz Turks.[3] According to Mahmud al-Kashgari's Dīwān Lughāt al-Turk, it was the 21st tribe of the 22 tribes.[1]

They had been converted to Islam (Sunni and Alevi). According to a Turkish historian, Faruk Sümer, the first murids of Hajji Bektash may be the Chepni residents of Suluca Kara Üyük (now a town of Nevşehir Province in the Central Anatolia region of Turkey)[4] and some Turkish historians claim that Hajj Bektash may be of Chepni origin.[5] Chepni people had an important role in the conquest of Trebizond during the 15th century whereas they had already started to conquer the provinces of Samsun and Sinop in 13th centuries. Most of Turkish people who settle in Trabzon, Gümüşhane, Giresun, Ordu and Samsun descend from Chepni people.[6]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Besim Atalay (ed.), Divanü Lügati't - Türk, Cilt I, Türk Tarih Kurumu Basımevi, 2006, ISBN 975-16-0405-2, p. 57.
  2. ^ Magnarella, Paul, Tradition and change in a Turkish town, Schenkman Pub. Co., 1981, p 35.
  3. ^ Faruk Sümer, Oğuzlar: Türkmenler, Tarihleri, Boy Teşkilâtı, Destanları, Türk Dünyası Araştırmaları Vakfı, 1992, ISBN 978-975-498-048-6, p. 172.
  4. ^ Faruk Sümer, Çepniler: Anadolu'daki Türk Yerleşmesinde Önemli Rol Oynayan Bir Oğuz Boyu, Türk Dünyası Araştırmaları Vakfı, 1992, ISBN 975-498-052-7, p. 22.
  5. ^ Halil İbrahim Türkyılmaz, Dünden Yarına Tüm Yönleriyle Eynesil, Eynesilliler Kültür ve Yardımlaşma Derneği, 1995, p. 50.
  6. ^ İnan, K. (2003), Trabzon'un Osmanlılar tarafından Fethi, Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi, Sayı: 14, Yıl: 2013, Erciyes University, Turkey