Chengdu–Chongqing railway

  (Redirected from Chengyu Railway)

Chengdu–Chongqing railway or Chengyu railway (simplified Chinese: 成渝铁路; traditional Chinese: 成渝鐵路; pinyin: chéngyú tiělù), is a single-track electrified railroad in the Sichuan Basin of Southwest China between the cities Chengdu and Chongqing. Chongqing's short form name is Yu (渝) and the railway is named after the two cities. The line has a total length of 505 km (314 mi).[1]

Chengdu–Chongqing railway
成渝铁路
China Railways.svg
Chengdu-Chongqing Railway in Jianyang.jpg
Line in Jianyang
Overview
StatusActive
TerminiChengdu
Chongqing
Service
TypeHeavy rail
Operator(s)China Railway
Technical
Line length505 km (314 mi)
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in) standard gauge
Electrification25 kV/50 Hz AC overhead catenary
Route map

km
0
Chengdu
Bali
10
Longtansi
Shibantan
Changlin crossing loop
Honganxiang
36
Chenjiawan
Honghuatang
Wufengxi
Lingxianmiao
Yangmahe
Shiqiaozhen
83
Jianyang
Miaozigou
105
Linjiangsi
Mochiba
122
Ziyang
Houjiaping
Cheungshagen
149
Shunhechang
Dengyingya
Guidexiang–Lianjie railway from Lianjie
Guidexiang
Taojiagou
189
Zizhong
Zizhong–Weiyuan railway from Songjiapu
Maodianzi
Yinshanzhen
Shijiaxiang
219
Neijiang
Neijiang East
231
Beimuzhen
240
Shuangfengyi
249
Yingxiangjie
257
Longchang
Shiyanqiao
272
Lishizhen
279
Anfuzhen
286
Guangshunchang
292
Rongchang
303
Fenggaopu
311
Dazu
319
Changhebian
329
Shuangshiqiao
339
Yongchuan
Langantan
354
Linjiangchang
362
Bailin
370
Ciba
380
Zhuyangxi
391
Pingdeng
402
Baisha
411
Jingangtuo
420
Youxi
429
Gujiatuo
439
Jiangjin
450
Huangqian
460
Tongguanyi
Moujia crossing loop
Xinglongchang–Luohuang railway,
Tongguanyi branch to Taojia
468
Shichang
Xiaonanhai–Lishuwan railway
from Lishuwan via Tiaodeng
link to Tiaodeng
New Baishatuo Yangtze
River Railway Bridge
471
Xiaonanhai
477
Funiuxi
483
Qiezixi
488
Dadukou
492
Luozhongzi
497
Chongqing South
501
Huangshaxi
504
Chongqing
km

The Chengyu railway opened in 1952 and was the first railway to be built after the founding of the People's Republic of China. Other cities along the route include Jianyang, Ziyang, Zizhong, Neijiang, Longchang and Yongchuan. The line is single-track, but duplication commenced between Chongqing and Jiangjin in November 2019.

HistoryEdit

A locomotive adorned with a portrait of Mao Zedong at the opening ceremony of the Chengdu-Chongqing railway on July 1, 1952.
He Long cuts the ribbon at the opening ceremony.

In 1903, a railway line between Chengdu and Chongqing, the two biggest cities in Sichuan, was proposed by Huguang Viceroy Zhang Zhidong as part of a railway from Sichuan to Wuhan. Construction on this line began in 1909 and halted in 1911. Attempts to resume construction in 1936 and 1947 ended with the outbreak of the Sino-Japanese War and the Chinese Civil War. On December 31, 1949, shortly after the Chinese Communists captured Sichuan from the Nationalists, Secretary of the Southwest Bureau Deng Xiaoping proposed the building of the railway. Work began on June 15, 1950 and involved 30,000 People's Liberation Army troops and 10,000 civilian laborers.[1] More than 400 private steel mills in Chongqing supplied steel for the line.[2] The line was completed on June 13, 1952, and entered into trial operation on July 1. It was the first railway line built in China after the establishment of the People's Republic of China.[1]

In 1987, the Chengyu Line was fully electrified, raising annual carrying capacity from 6.1 million tons to 13 million. By 2008, the line was transporting 90 million tons of cargo and 70 million passengers per year.[1]

Other rail lines between Chengdu and ChongqingEdit

After the opening of the Dazhou–Chengdu railway (达成铁路) (via Suining) in 1997, and the Suining–Chongqing Railway in 2006, another, shorter, railway route between Chengdu and Chongqing, via Suining (so-called 成遂渝铁路), 312 kilometres (194 miles) long, appeared. Since 2009, high-speed CRH passenger trains run on that route.[3]

The third railway line between the two cities, the Chengdu-Chongqing high-speed railway, completed on December 26, 2015, accommodates high-speed trains traveling at up to 350 kilometres per hour (217 miles per hour). Although it follows a route generally similar to that of the original Chengdu–Chongqing railway, it is significantly shorter due to the greater use of elevated sections and tunnels.[3]

Rail junctionsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit