Chengguan District, Lanzhou

Chengguan District (simplified Chinese: 城关; traditional Chinese: 城關; pinyin: Chéngguān Qū; lit. 'City Gate District') is one of 5 districts of the prefecture-level city of Lanzhou, the capital of Gansu Province, China. It is located mostly on the southern side of the Yellow River, and includes the downtown Lanzhou. Both the Gansu provincial government capitol and that of Lanzhou prefecture-level city are located within the district. The Lanzhou Railway Station is also located in this district.

Chengguan
城关区
Lanzhou Railway Station, with the Gaolan Mountain in the background.
Lanzhou Railway Station, with the Gaolan Mountain in the background.
Location in Lanzhou
Location in Lanzhou
Lanzhou in Gansu
Lanzhou in Gansu
Coordinates (Gansu provincial government): 36°03′38″N 103°49′36″E / 36.0606°N 103.8268°E / 36.0606; 103.8268Coordinates: 36°03′38″N 103°49′36″E / 36.0606°N 103.8268°E / 36.0606; 103.8268
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceGansu
Prefecture-level cityLanzhou
Area
 • District220 km2 (80 sq mi)
 • Metro
67.92 km2 (26.22 sq mi)
Highest elevation
2,171 m (7,123 ft)
Lowest elevation
1,503 m (4,931 ft)
Population
 (2018)
 • District1,319,100
 • Density6,000/km2 (16,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
730030
Websitewww.lzcgq.gov.cn

HistoryEdit

The area has been inhabited by Qiang since the Xia dynasty (2070 BC). In 215 BC, Meng Tian captured the area south of the Yellow River from Hu barbarians and Yuzhong County was established at the current location of Donggang Subdistrict in Chengguan. In 581, the area was known as Wuquan County, renamed to Jincheng County in 671.

By the Tang dynasty, Chengguan became the seat of the Zhou ('province'), Commandery and County. In 1104 it was known as Lanquan County. By 1369, Lanzhou, then called Lan County, became subordinate under Lintao County.

In 1399 the city walls of Lanzhou were built.

In 1666, the governor of Gansu moved back to Lanzhou. In 1764 the administrative centers moved back to Chengguan, then known as Gaolan County. In 1941 present day Gaolan County was spun off and the modern Chengguan District was established, which then encompassed the entire urban area of Lanzhou. Since 1955 the district is named Chengguan, named after the old city centre of Lanzhou. During the Cultural Revolution it was named Dongfeng District (东风区).[1]

In 2005 all towns were abolished and since then the district is divided in subdistricts only.[1]

Administrative divisionsEdit

 
One of the main traffic junctions in Chengguan District

The district is divided in 25 subdistricts:[2]

  • Baiyin Road Subdistrict (白银路街道)
  • Caoyang Street Subdistrict (草场街街道)
  • Donggang East Road Subdistrict (东岗西路街道)
  • Donggang Subdistrict (东岗街道)
  • Fulongping Subdistrict (伏龙坪街道)
  • Gaolan Road Subdistrict (皋兰路街道)
  • Gongxingdun Subdistrict (拱星墩街道)
  • Guangwumen Subdistrict (广武门街道)
  • Jiaojiawan Subdistrict (焦家湾街道)
  • Jiayuguan Road Subdistrict (嘉峪关路街道)
  • Jingyuan Road Subdistrict (靖远路街道)
  • Jiuquan Road Subdistrict (酒泉路街道)
  • Linxia Road Subdistrict (临夏路街道)
  • Qingbaishi (青白石街道)
  • Railway Station Subdistrict (火车站街道)
  • Tielu Dongcun Subdistrict (铁路东村街道)
  • Tielu Xicun Subdistrict (铁路西村街道)
  • Tuanjie Xincun (团结新村街道)
  • Weiyuan Road Subdistrict (渭源路街道)
  • Wuquan Subdistrict (五泉街道)
  • Yanbei Subdistrict (雁北街道)
  • Yanchang Road Subdistrict (盐场路街道)
  • Yannan Subdistrict (雁南街道)
  • Yantan Subdistrict (雁南街道)
  • Zhangye Road Subdistrict (张掖路街道)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "历史沿革". Chengguan District Government.
  2. ^ "行政区划".

External linksEdit