Gaolan County

Gaolan County (simplified Chinese: 皋兰县; traditional Chinese: 皋蘭縣; pinyin: Gāolán Xiàn) is a county of Gansu Province, China, it is under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Lanzhou, the capital of Gansu, one of 58 counties of Gansu. Its postal code is 730200, and its population in 2019 was 147,000 people, a 13% decrease since 1999.[1]

Gaolan County

Location of Gaolan County (red) in Lanzhou City (yellow) and Gansu
Location of Gaolan County (red) in Lanzhou City (yellow) and Gansu
Gaolan is located in Gansu
Location of the seat in Gansu
Coordinates: 36°19′59″N 103°54′14″E / 36.3331°N 103.904°E / 36.3331; 103.904Coordinates: 36°19′59″N 103°54′14″E / 36.3331°N 103.904°E / 36.3331; 103.904
CountryPeople's Republic of China
Prefecture-level cityLanzhou
 • District2,556 km2 (2,136 sq mi)
Lowest elevation
1,411 m (4,629 ft)
 • District147,000[1]
 • Urban
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)

One of the touristic sites is an ancient pear orchard at Shichuan town, with trees up to 400 years old, and the orchard itself being established 600 years ago.[2][1] The Great Wall of China crosses the Yellow River at Shichuan town as well, a few ruins of it are still visible.[3][4]

Agriculture forms an important part of the economic output of the county. Supported by irrigation fed by the Yellow River, several kinds of fruit are grown. Other important sectors are livestock and livestock feed, pharmaceutics, paper and chemicals. The total economic output in Q1 2019 was 1.35 billion CNY.[1]

Administrative divisionsEdit

Gaolan County is subdivided into 6 towns (containing 57 villages) and 5 communities.

  • Shidong (石洞镇), the county seat[5]
  • Zhonghe (忠和镇)[6]
  • Shichuan (什川镇)[7]
  • Jiuhe (九合镇)[8]
  • Shuifu (水阜镇)[9]
  • Heishi (黑石镇)[10]


The annual average temperature is 7.4 °C (45.3 °F), the average annual precipitation is 246 mm and the average annual evaporation is 1675 mm. On average 2768 hours of sunshine are received, and the frost-free period is 144 days.


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  4. ^ Ai Jing (1 March 2015). A History Of The Great Wall Of China. World Scientific. p. 47. ISBN 978-1-938368-32-5.
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See alsoEdit