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Charles Rosen (December 7, 1917 – December 8, 2002) was a pioneer in artificial intelligence and founder of SRI International's Artificial Intelligence Center.[1] He led the project that led to the development of Shakey the Robot, "who" now resides in a glass case at the Computer History Museum, in Mountain View, California.

Charles Rosen
Born(1917-12-07)December 7, 1917
DiedDecember 8, 2002(2002-12-08) (aged 85)[1]
Alma materCooper Union
McGill University
Known forShakey the robot
Scientific career
InstitutionsGeneral Electric Research Laboratory

SRI International's Artificial Intelligence Center

Ridge Vineyards

Early life and educationEdit

Raised in Montreal, Rosen became a student at Cooper Union and received his bachelor's degree in electrical engineering in 1940; he returned to Montreal to study at McGill University, where he received his M. Eng. (in communications) in 1950.


While working at the General Electric Research Laboratory, in 1953 Rosen co-authored one of the first textbooks on transistor circuits.[2] In 1956, Rosen received a Ph.D. in electrical engineering from Syracuse University (with a minor in solid state physics).[3]

In 1957, Rosen joined the Stanford Research Institute, where he did much of his artificial intelligence work.[1]

In 1959, Rosen co-founded Ridge Vineyards with fellow computer scientist Hewitt Crane. Under Rosen's ownership, Ridge would go on to place fifth in the Judgment of Paris wine tasting.[4]


  1. ^ a b c Buchanan, Wyatt (2002-12-20). "Charles Rosen -- expert on robots, co-founder of winery". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 2012-09-23.
  2. ^ Shea, Richard F., editor (1953). Principles of Transistor Circuits (John Wiley and Sons, 1953).
  3. ^ Stanford Research Institute (1969). "Development and Application of Question-Answering Techniques for a Remote-Access Medical Information Retrieval System," proposal submitted by the Stanford Research Institute on November 13, 1969. Online version (incorporating Rosen's CV) retrieved Oct. 23, 2007.
  4. ^ Taber, George M. (2005). The Judgment of Paris: California vs. France (Simon & Schuster), pp. pg 181-182. ISBN 0-7432-4751-5