Sir Charles Edmund Kingsmill (7 July 1855 – 15 July 1935) was an Admiral, the first director of the Department of the Naval Service of Canada. After retiring from a career in the Royal Navy, he played a prominent role in the establishment of the Royal Canadian Navy (RCN) in 1910. Along with Walter Hose, he is considered the father of the Royal Canadian Navy.
Admiral Sir Charles Edmund Kingsmill
Sir Charles Kingsmill
|Born||7 July 1855|
Guelph, Canada West
|Died||15 July 1935 (aged 80)|
|Service/||Royal Canadian Navy|
|Years of service||1870–1921|
|Commands held||HMS Cormorant|
First World War
Early life an educationEdit
Kingsmill was born at Guelph, Canada West (now Ontario) in 1855. He was the son of John Juchereau Kingsmill, Crown Attorney for Wellington County, and Ellen Diana Grange. He was educated at Upper Canada College in Toronto.
In 1870, at age 14, Kingsmill joined the Royal Navy as a midshipman. He was promoted sub-lieutenant in 1875, lieutenant in 1877, commander in 1891, and captain in 1898. During his career in the Royal Navy, he commanded HM Ships Goldfinch (1890–91), Blenheim (1895–95), Archer (1895–98), Gibraltar (1900), Mildura (1900–03), Resolution, Majestic (1905–06), and Dominion (1907).
Mildura served on the Australia Station in these years. During Kingsmill's command of the ship, she was part of the naval escort for the visit of the Duke and Duchess of Cornwall and York (later King George V and Queen Mary) to New Zealand aboard the chartered Royal liner HMS Ophir during 1901. The following year she was with HMS Royal Arthur (flagship) and HMS Pylades, visiting Norfolk Island in July, Suva, Fiji in August, and Tonga in September.
Kingsmill was given command of the battleship HMS Dominion after her launching in 1905. Dominion ran aground in Chaleur Bay on 16 or 19 August 1906, while on a good-will tour of the Canadian Atlantic coast. In his March 1907 court-martial, Kingsmill was severely reprimanded for "grave neglect of duty" (not being on the bridge at the time) and given command of the older battleship HMS Repulse.
In 1908, Kingsmill retired from the Royal Navy and returned to Canada. He was appointed honorary aide-de-camp to His Excellency the Governor-General in 1909. At the behest of then Prime Minister Wilfrid Laurier, he accepted the post of director of the Marine Service in the Department of Marine and Fisheries under then Minister of Marine and Fisheries Louis-Philippe Brodeur. The appointment predetermined his eventual appointment as Rear-Admiral RCN and director of the Naval Service of Canada upon the formation of the RCN on 4 May 1910. By 1914, at the beginning of World War I, the new navy's fleet consisted of two old cruisers and a collection of converted civilian and commercial vessels.
Kingsmill was promoted to Admiral in 1917. He was made a knight bachelor in 1918. He was awarded for outstanding services as the Director of Naval Services of Canada 1910–1921.
Kingsmill retired on 31 December 1921. He maintained a summer home on Grindstone Island, in Big Rideau Lake, near Portland, Ontario, where he loved to sail. His guests included the Duke of Devonshire, Governor General of Canada from 1916 to 1921; Sir William MacKenzie, railway entrepreneur; and Neville Chamberlain, later Prime Minister of Great Britain from 1937-1940. When he died on his beloved Grindstone on July 15, 1935, a “. . . huge flotilla of boats brought him in from the island. . .".
He is buried in the Anglican cemetery in Portland, where an Ontario Heritage Trust plaque commemorates his contribution to Canadian Naval history.
Medals of Admiral Sir Charles Edmund Kingsmill, Kt:
- Egypt Medal (1884–1885)
- Khedive's Star, for service in Egypt
- Grand Officer, Order of the Crown of Italy
- Officer, Legion of Honour (France) (1906)
The junior officer quarters building at Venture NOTC, the Canadian Naval Officer Training Centre, is named after him.
Kingsmill's cousin, Col. Walter Bernard Kingsmill, the son of Admiral Kingsmill's uncle, Nicol Kingsmill, was head of the 10th Royal Grenadiers and led the 123rd Battalion on the front lines in France during the First World War.
Kingsmill House is named for him.
- Admiral Sir Charles Edmund Kingsmill 1855-1935. Ontario's Historical Plaques , Ontario Heritage Trust, via ontarioplaques.com
- Kingsmill House display, Maritime Command Museum, CFB Halifax
- Michael Whitby; Richard H. Gimblett; Peter Haydon (21 January 2006). "one". The Admirals: Canada's Senior Naval Leadership in the Twentieth Century. Dundurn. ISBN 978-1-4597-1249-2.
- "Guelph's Charles Kingsmill a father of the Royal Canadian Navy". Guelph Mercury, May 03, 2018 by Ed Butts.
- Richard H. Gimblett (13 October 2009). The Naval Service of Canada, 1910-2010: The Centennial Story. Dundurn. p. 5. ISBN 978-1-4597-1322-2.
- Bastock, p. 101
- "Naval & Military intelligence". The Times (36835). London. 1 August 1902. p. 8.
- "Naval & Military intelligence". The Times (36852). London. 21 August 1902. p. 8.
- "Naval & Military intelligence". The Times (36859). London. 29 August 1902. p. 8.
- Johnston, William; Rawling, William G.P.; Gimblett, Richard H.; John MacFarlane (14 January 2011). The Seabound Coast: The Official History of the Royal Canadian Navy, 1867–1939. Dundurn. p. 105. ISBN 9781554889082.
- Davison, Robert L. Davison (October 2009). "A Most Fortunate Court Martial: The Trial of Captain Charles Kingsmill, 1907" (PDF). Northern Mariner. Canadian Nautical Research Society. 19.
- Marc Milner (2010). Canada's Navy, 2nd Edition: The First Century. University of Toronto Press. p. 20. ISBN 978-0-8020-9604-3.
- Donald E. Graves; L. B. Jenson; Christopher Johnson (1 July 2003). In peril on the sea: the Royal Canadian Navy and the Battle of the Atlantic. Published for the Canadian Naval Memorial Trust by R. Brass Studio. p. 20. ISBN 978-1-896941-32-5.
- German, Tony (1990). The Sea is at our Gates—The History of the Canadian Navy. Toronto: McClelland & Stewart Press. p.26
- Jonathan Parkinson (20 February 2018). The Royal Navy, China Station: 1864 - 1941: As seen through the lives of the Commanders in Chief. Troubador Publishing Ltd. p. 207. ISBN 978-1-78803-521-7.
- Paulina Hrebecka, "Portland historical society honours founding father of Royal Canadian Navy," Smiths Falls Record News, August 26, 2019
- Admiral's Bungalow "Grindstone Island Album"
- Sir Charles Kingsmill "Memorial Plaque"
- "Sir Charles Edmund Kingsmill". The Canadian Encyclopedia
- Ontario Heritage Trust, "Provincial plaque memorializes Admiral Sir Charles Edmund Kingsmill", May 15, 2010
| Director of the Naval Service