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HMS Pylades was a Satellite-class composite screw sloop of the Royal Navy, built at Sheerness Dockyard and launched on 5 November 1884.[3] She was later reclassified as a corvette and was the last corvette built for the Royal Navy until the Second World War.

HMS Pylades (1884) AWM 302246.jpeg
HMS Pylades anchored at Hobsons Bay, Port Phillip c. 1895.
History
United Kingdom
Name: HMS Pylades
Namesake: Pylades
Builder: Sheerness Dockyard
Laid down: 1 January 1883
Launched: 5 November 1884
Commissioned: 17 November 1884
Fate: Sold on 3 April 1906 for breaking up
General characteristics
Class and type: Satellite-class sloop
Displacement: 1,420 tons
Length: 200 ft (61 m) pp
Beam: 38 ft (12 m)
Draught: 15 ft 9 in (4.80 m)[1]
Installed power: 1,470 ihp (1,096 kW)
Propulsion:
  • Single horizontal compound-expansion steam engine
  • Single screw[1]
Sail plan: Barque-rigged
Range: Approximately 6,000 nmi (11,000 km) at 10 kn (19 km/h)[1]
Complement: 170–200
Armament:
Armour: Internal steel deck over machinery and magazines

Service historyEdit

Initially on service with the North America and West Indies Station, she commenced service on the Australia Station in November 1894. From 30 May to 10 August 1896, she toured through the Solomon Islands with Charles Morris Woodford, who had been appointed the Resident Commissioner of the Solomon Islands, which was administered as part of British Western Pacific Territories.[4]

Commander Robert Hornby was appointed in command in September 1901. The following year she was with HMS Royal Arthur (flagship) and HMS Mildura when she visited Norfolk Island in July,[5] and Suva, Fiji in August,[6] then paid a visit to Gilbert Islands on her own. She left the Australia Station on 29 January 1905.[3] She was sold to Cohen of Felixstowe for breaking on 3 April 1906.[3]

Pylades is what is known as "composite" built. Soon after the building of ships with iron was commenced, this composite system of construction was adopted in the British merchant service, and some very fast and celebrated vessels were thus constructed. The iron framing, with wooden skin planking, admitted of considerable strength being obtained, and the possibility of sheathing the bottom with metal in order to avoid fouling, appeared to be another advantage in favor of the composite system. Soon, however, it was shown that the galvanic action set up between the copper on the "yellow metal" sheathing, and the iron frames tended to rapidly deteriorate the ironwork, and perhaps, sooner or later, hasten the loss of the vessel. So rapid, indeed, was this wasting of the frame found to be, that for some time past the composite system has been, so far as regards merchantmen, quite abandoned. Some ships, however, are still built "composite" for the Royal Navy, especially such craft as are intended for use on foreign stations, and whose duties would render frequent docking impossible. Such vessels are built with frames of steel, then sheathed with wood, and coppered.[7]

 
Crew on HMS Pylades at Brisbane in June 1896

CitationsEdit

  1. ^ a b c d Winfield (2004) p.293
  2. ^ "Satellite-class sloops at Battleships-Cruisers website". Retrieved 8 October 2010.
  3. ^ a b c Bastock, p.110.
  4. ^ Lawrence, David Russell (October 2014). "Chapter 6 The British Solomon Islands Protectorate: Colonialism without capital" (PDF). The Naturalist and his "Beautiful Islands": Charles Morris Woodford in the Western Pacific. ANU Press. pp. 172–173. ISBN 9781925022032.
  5. ^ "Naval & Military intelligence". The Times (36835). London. 1 August 1902. p. 8.
  6. ^ "Naval & Military intelligence". The Times (36852). London. 21 August 1902. p. 8.
  7. ^ Barry, John Arthur (1 June 1904). "H.M.S Pylades. The Last of Her Class". Australian Town and Country Journal. Retrieved 12 April 2016. Template:Pd-notice

ReferencesEdit