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Charina is a genus of nonvenomous boas found in North America. Two species are currently recognized.[2]

Charina
Charina bottae.jpg
Rubber boa, C. bottae
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Serpentes
Family: Boidae
Subfamily: Erycinae
Genus: Charina
Gray, 1849
Synonyms[1]
Common names: rosy boas, rubber boas.[2]

Contents

Distribution and habitatEdit

Found in North America from southwestern Canada south through the western United States into northwestern Mexico.[1]

SpeciesEdit

Species[2] Taxon author[2] Subsp.*[2] Common name[2] Geographic range
C. bottaeT (Blainville, 1835) 0 Rubber boa Southwestern Canada in southeastern British Columbia. The northwestern and western United States in most of Washington, Oregon, Idaho, western Montana and Wyoming, northern and central Utah, and as far south as northern Nevada and Monterey County, California.[1][3]
C. umbratica Klauber, 1943 0 Southern rubber boa The United States in southern California (Riverside and San Bernardino counties).[3]

*) Not including the nominate subspecies.
T) Type species.[1]

TaxonomyEdit

Sources vary on how many species the genus contains. Some consider the rubber boa, C. bottae, to be the sole member of the genus. In addition, some experts consider the southern rubber boa, C. umbratica to be a subspecies of C. bottae. Although the Calabar python, Calabaria reinhardtii has been included in Charina, recent phylogenetic analyses based on DNA have shown that it does not belong to this genus.[4]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d McDiarmid RW, Campbell JA, Touré T (1999). Snake Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, Volume 1. Washington, District of Columbia: Herpetologists' League. 511 pp. ISBN 1-893777-00-6 (series). ISBN 1-893777-01-4 (volume).
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Charina". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 25 November 2015. 
  3. ^ a b Wright AH, Wright AA (1957). Handbook of Snakes of the United States and Canada. 2 volumes. Comstock Publishing Associates, a division of Cornell University Press. (7th printing, 1985). 1,105 pp. ISBN 0-8014-0463-0. (Genus Charina, p. 53).
  4. ^ Pyron, R. Alexander; Burbrink, Frank T.; Wiens, John J. (2013). "A phylogeny and revised classification of Squamata, including 4161 species of lizards and snakes". BMC Evolutionary Biology 13: 93.

Further readingEdit

  • Gray JE (1849). Catalogue of the Specimens of Snakes in the Collection of the British Museum. London: Trustees of the British Museum. (Edward Newman, printer). xv + 125 pp. (Charina, p. 113).
  • Kluge AG (1993). "Calabaria and the phylogeny of erycine snakes". Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 107: 293-351. PDF at University of Michigan Library. Accessed 20 July 2008.

External linksEdit