Chappaquiddick (titled The Senator in the UK) is a 2017 American drama film directed by John Curran, and written by Taylor Allen and Andrew Logan. The film stars Jason Clarke as Massachusetts Senator Ted Kennedy and Kate Mara as Mary Jo Kopechne, with Ed Helms, Bruce Dern, Jim Gaffigan, Clancy Brown, and Olivia Thirlby in supporting roles. The plot details the 1969 Chappaquiddick incident in which Kennedy drove his car into Poucha Pond, killing Kopechne, as well as the Kennedy family's response.
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||John Curran|
|Music by||Garth Stevenson|
|Edited by||Keith Fraase|
|Distributed by||Entertainment Studios Motion Pictures|
|Box office||$18 million|
Principal photography began in Boston, in September 2016. The film originally premiered at the Gala Presentations section at the Toronto International Film Festival on September 10, 2017, and was released in the United States on April 6, 2018, by Entertainment Studios. It received generally positive reviews from critics, with praise for its balanced screenplay and Clarke's performance.
In July 1969, U.S. Massachusetts Senator Ted Kennedy gives an interview, wherein he is questioned about standing in the shadow of his late brothers, John Kennedy and Robert Kennedy. After the interview, he calls his cousin, Joe Gargan, to arrange for hotel rooms on Martha's Vineyard for the Boiler Room Girls, his brother Robert's campaign staff. Kennedy travels to Chappaquiddick Island, where he meets with Joe and US Attorney for Massachusetts Paul Markham for a sail race. After losing the race, Kennedy goes to a party at a beach house with his friends and the Boiler Room Girls.
Kennedy leaves the party with Mary Jo Kopechne. After a brief stop, they begin driving away and encounter a police officer from Edgartown. The officer asks if they need help, but Kennedy backs up and drives quickly away. In his haste he accidentally drives off the Dike Bridge causing the car to flip over before it submerges into a pond. Kennedy climbs out of the vehicle, then calls out to Kopechne. When he receives no response, he sat down and momentarily cries, before walking back to the beach house. He finds Gargan and Markham and they speed over to the site and unsuccessfully attempt multiple dives to enter the overturned vehicle. Gargan and Markham insist Kennedy report the incident immediately, which he agrees to do. But instead, he gets in a rowboat he finds, and Gargan and Markham row him to Edgartown, where they go their separate ways.
Kennedy walks past the phone booth outside his hotel and up to his room and gets undressed. He submerges himself in bathtub imagining he was Mary Jo drowning. He gets dressed, puts on a sport coat, nice pants, and shoes and combs his hair. He goes down to the phone and calls his father asking for advice. His father mutters one word, "alibi." Kennedy sits on the steps outside his room. When the night porter emerges, he asks the time, and the porter says it is 2:25 a.m. Kennedy claims he is having trouble sleeping. He gets into bed, now in pajamas, reaches past the desk phone to turn off the light and goes to sleep without contacting the police.
The next morning, the overturned vehicle is discovered by a man and his son, who call the police. Police Chief Arena and the fire department recover Kopechne's body from the car, which they find is registered to Kennedy. Gargan and Markham realize that he has not turned himself in, and insist that he must. Kennedy goes with Markham to the Edgartown Police Department and commandeers the Chief's office waiting for his return.
After giving the Chief a prepared statement (written by Markham), Kennedy travels to the Kennedy family compound in Hyannisport, believing he has contained the situation. He is shocked as his father Joseph P. Kennedy Sr. tells him his actions have disgraced the family, and is surprised by a damage control team led by Robert McNamara, convened to address both his legal problem (potentially manslaughter) and public relations problems. First they address legal problems such as making sure the body is not examined again and that the official records that his license has expired are changed by a Kennedy-friendly official. The team's strategy is to craft a public relations strategy for after the current news cycle, which is dominated by the landing of the first men on the Moon. As Kennedy prepares to attend Kopechne's funeral, he thinks he will gain sympathy by wearing a neck brace, but this ploy backfires in the press.
Kennedy comes up with the idea of appealing to the people of Massachusetts on national television, which his damage control team heartily endorses. They use the family's influence to speed up resolution of the legal hearing, as anything he says publicly might be used against him in the legal case. Kennedy gets a sweetheart plea deal of leaving the scene of an accident with two months jail time, which the judge suspends on Kennedy's character and good standing.
Gargan--who has become increasingly disgusted with Kennedy for not being honest about the facts of the case and attempting to play the victim--attempts to resign. Kennedy, having just been slapped by his father, tells Gargan he intends to resign from the Senate and asks him to draft a resignation speech. He tells Gargan not to tell anyone.
As Kennedy is ready to go on national television with the speech prepared by Ted Sorensen designed to elicit public sympathy for Kennedy, Gargan delivers the resignation speech, telling Kennedy it is the right thing to do, to act with integrity. But instead, Kennedy throws it away and Gargan is pressed to hold Kennedy's cue cards for Sorensen's speech. Although the public has mixed views, the majority interviewed say they would re-elect him.
The credits explain that Joseph Kennedy Sr. died soon after the incident; Gargan became estranged from the family; and Kennedy lost the 1980 Democratic Party presidential primaries but continued in the U.S. Senate for 40 years.
- Jason Clarke as Ted Kennedy
- Kate Mara as Mary Jo Kopechne
- Ed Helms as Joe Gargan
- Bruce Dern as Joseph P. Kennedy Sr.
- Jim Gaffigan as Paul F. Markham
- Taylor Nichols as Ted Sorensen
- Clancy Brown as Robert McNamara
- Olivia Thirlby as Rachel Schiff
- Lexie Roth as Nance Lyons
- John Fiore as Chief Arena
- Vince Tycer as David Burke
- Andria Blackman as Joan Bennett Kennedy
- Tamara Hickey as Marilyn Richards
- Alison Wachtler as Liz Trotta
- Victor Warren as Stephen Edward Smith
- Donald Watson as Dr. Watt
- Matthew Lawler as Dun Gifford
- Angela Hope Smith as Maryellen Lyons
- Brad Wheelwright as sailor
- David De Beck as Sargent Shriver
- Patrick Sheehan as John V. Tunney
On December 14, 2015, it was announced that Sam Taylor-Johnson would direct the film, though she later dropped out. On April 25, 2016, it was announced Jason Clarke would play Ted Kennedy, with John Curran directing. On July 7, 2016, Kate Mara and Ed Helms joined the cast, to play Mary Jo Kopechne and Joe Gargan, respectively. On July 20, 2016, Bruce Dern was added as Joseph P. Kennedy Sr., while Jim Gaffigan and Olivia Thirlby joined the cast on August 31, 2016, and principal photography began in Boston on September 7, 2016.
On September 8, 2017, Entertainment Studios acquired distribution rights to the film for $4 million. The film premiered at the 2017 Toronto International Film Festival on September 10. The film was initially scheduled for an awards season release, on December 8, 2017, but was moved back to April 6, 2018. The studio spent $16 million on prints and advertising.
In the United States and Canada, Chappaquiddick was released alongside A Quiet Place, Blockers and The Miracle Season, and was projected to gross $2–4 million from 1,560 theaters in its opening weekend. It ended up debuting above expectations with $5.8 million, finishing 7th at the box office. Deadline Hollywood noted it was still a low figure given Entertainment Picture's $4 million purchase of the film and their $16 million advertising campaign, although the studio itself was satisfied with the results. In its second weekend the film dropped 47% to $3.1 million, finishing 10th. It is currently the 8th highest-grossing independent film of 2018.
On Rotten Tomatoes, the film holds an approval rating of 81% based on 139 reviews, and an average rating of 7.1/10. The website's critical consensus reads, "Chappaquidick can't help leaving some of this true story's most intriguing questions unanswered, but it's bolstered by outstanding work from Jason Clarke in the central role." On Metacritic, which assigns a weighted average rating to reviews, the film has an average score of 67 out of 100, based on 33 critics, indicating "generally favorable reviews". Audiences polled by CinemaScore gave the film an average grade of "B" on an A+ to F scale, while PostTrak reported men and women over the age of 25 (the film's largest demographic) gave it respective overall positive scores of 80% and 72%.
Todd McCarthy of The Hollywood Reporter called the film methodical and lacking passion, writing: "It's doubtful that many Americans under the age of 40 or so even know what the name Chappaquiddick refers to, which might in itself provide solid justification for making a film about it. But the drama of the tragic July 18, 1969, accident... needed more energetic and incisive treatment than it receives in this sober, somewhat slack telling."
Response by journalists and politiciansEdit
In a March 2018 interview, Byron Allen, CEO of Entertainment Studios, which distributed the film, stated that "there are some very powerful people who tried to put pressure on me not to release this movie". Boston Herald journalist Howie Carr speculated that this was a reference to Chris Dodd, who had been a longtime friend and ally of Kennedy's when he served in the U.S. Senate, and had more recently been president of the Motion Picture Association of America.
Liberal journalist Neal Gabler, who at the time was writing a biography of Ted Kennedy, criticized the film as a mix of "conjecture and outright fabrication". As one example, he stated, "Contrary to the film's implications, Mr. Kennedy immediately and forever after felt deep remorse and responsibility for the accident; it haunted him." Similarly, longtime Kennedy aide and speechwriter Bob Shrum criticized the film for "trafficking in conspiracy theories", stating that Kennedy had never tried to cover up or minimize his responsibility for Kopechne's death.
Conservative commentator Mark Steyn called Chappaquiddick an "excellent film" that shows how the "acidic glamour of power corrodes" Kennedy and many of those around him. He also stated his opinion that one exchange in the film was based on something Steyn had written: in the film, Kennedy remarks that even acclaimed historical figures, such as Moses, had personal flaws, and his cousin Joe Gargan retorts, "Moses didn't leave a girl at the bottom of the Red Sea." Steyn noted that he had written something very similar in response to a 2009 column by Joan Vennochi praising Kennedy after his death.
|2018||35th Miami International Film Festival||Jordan Alexander Ressler Screenwriting Award for Best Screenplay||Nominated|
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But I have to say, Martha, the most obvious suspect would be Christopher Dodd, he was a former senator from Connecticut, a good big, long-time drinking buddy and pal of Ted Kennedy. They were involved in many numerous escapades in D.C. And he later became the president of the Motion Picture Association of America, the MPAA, until last December. And I think he would be the one who would make the overture to Byron Allen to stop it.
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- McNeil, Liz (March 28, 2018). "Mary Jo Kopechne's Family on Ted Kennedy and Chappaquiddick: 'The Truth Has Never Really Come Out'". People. Time. Retrieved April 20, 2018.
- Steyn, Mark (April 14, 2018). "Chappaquiddick (review)". The Mark Steyn Club. Mark Steyn Enterprises. Retrieved April 20, 2018.