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About this soundChangle  (simplified Chinese: 长乐; traditional Chinese: 長樂; pinyin: Chánglè, Foochow Romanized: Diòng-lŏ̤h) is one of 6 urban districts of the prefecture-level city of Fuzhou, the capital of Fujian Province, China. It occupies a land area of 648 square kilometres (250 sq mi) and a sea area of 1,327 square kilometres (512 sq mi). Changle was established in the sixth year of Emperor Wu-De (623 AD) during the Tang Dynasty, and it became a county-level city on February 18, 1994. The district faces the East China Sea and is connected to Mawei district by the Min River. Due to an increase in businesses, the province is now one of the richest provinces in China. The city was upgraded to a district on August 2017 by a government proposal.

Changle

长乐区

Diongloh; Changlo
Changleoutlyingvillage.jpg
Nickname(s): 
Hometown of Overseas Chinese
Changle is located in Fujian
Changle
Changle
Location in Fujian
Coordinates: 25°55′N 119°33′E / 25.917°N 119.550°E / 25.917; 119.550Coordinates: 25°55′N 119°33′E / 25.917°N 119.550°E / 25.917; 119.550
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceFujian
Prefecture-level cityFuzhou
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)

Located 30 kilometres (19 mi) outside urban Fuzhou, Changle has a total population of 680,000 and is the hometown of more than 700,000 overseas Chinese.

TransportationEdit

AirEdit

The Fuzhou Changle International Airport is a major airport located in the Zhanggang Subdistrict (formerly, Zhanggang Town) of Changle. This airport services the entire northern Fujian area, and it has regular scheduled flights to many domestic and international destinations.

Major highwaysEdit

Airport Express Way (Toll Road), Shenghai Express Way and Fujian Provincial Highways S201 and S203

RailwaysEdit

Presently, there are no railways in Changle. (The Fuxia Railway skirts the western edge of the district, but has no stations there). The closest railway stations are in Fuzhou.

However, in November 2012 a plan has been approved for an 88.5-km-long railway from Fuzhou to Pingtan Island. The railway will run across Changle, and will have 3 stations within the district (Changle, Changle East, and Songxia (松下)). It is expected that the work will start by the end of 2012, and would take about five and a half years.[1]

DemographicsEdit

Overseas ChangleEdit

Natives of Changle receive large amount of financial support from overseas, due to there being a significant population of immigrants from Changle overseas, particularly in the US and Canada. The focal point for the US is in New York City with Fuzhouese ethnic enclaves present in all five boroughs. Notable enclaves include Little Fuzhou in East Broadway of Chinatown, Manhattan and more recently, due to gentrification, in Flushing, Queens and 8th avenue of Sunset Park, Brooklyn. A 2001 study by the Changle government found that about 400,000 people from Changle and their descendants were living abroad.[2]

The area has been nicknamed the "Hometown of Overseas Chinese" due to the large number of natives that have move abroad.

Notable natives and residentsEdit

  • One well known Changle native is author Shie Wan Yin, whose pen name is Bing Xin
  • Changle is the ancestral home of Zheng Zhenduo, a master of literature.
  • Naval explorer, Admiral Zheng He

Migrant workersEdit

Currently, there are about 200,000 non-native migrant workers working in Changle.[citation needed] Many of them come from Sichuan province.

Tourist attractionsEdit

One of the attractions in Changle is the natural environment.[citation needed] Situated on the banks of the Min River, the region is surrounded by mountains and hills. There are many parks and trails which are destinations for locals and tourists alike.[citation needed] However, industrialization of the region has impacted these areas.[citation needed]

Some of the tourist attractions include Xiasha Seaside Vocational Center, Jingang Leg, Bing Xing Literacy Archives, and Nanshan Park. A number of overseas remittances, particularly from the US, has been used to construct some of these areas, particularly the parks, over the last few years.[when?] Because of this, many of these areas are essentially new and attract a considerable number of visitors.[citation needed]

Some attractions are:

  • Zheng He Museum and Park (郑和博物馆)
  • Jin Gang Tui Park (A Buddhist's Giant Leg) (金刚腿公园)
  • Bin Xin Museum (冰心博物馆)
  • Qinjiang Manzu Jie (Manchurian Vallige) (琴江满族村)
  • Xiasha Beach Resort (下沙海滨度假村)
  • Xianyin Palace (显应宫)
  • Tianfei Palace (天妃宫)
  • Hexia Street (Beneath River Street) (河下街)

CultureEdit

Local languageEdit

Most locals are capable of speaking both Mandarin Chinese (Putonghua) and the Fuzhou dialect, though Mandarin is spoken in more formal settings such as schools.

At home, Fuzhou dialect is the norm. Older generations typically have a strong accent when speaking in Mandarin due to their mother tongue being the Fuzhou dialect, which does not distinguish between z and zh, c and ch, s and sh initials or n and ng finals.

The Fuzhou dialect (Changle/Fuzhou Hua-长乐/福州话) faces a high risk of lingual extinction due to the government policy that intends to push for the common use of Mandarin Chinese. Some locals are concerned that this will lead to the gradual disappearance of their cultural identity. Though the dialect is expected to remain one of the most spoken languages in the Changle area, it is primarily spoken by the older generation. Though the younger generations are fluent to a degree because of their environment and family, generational attrition of the language will cause a continual drop in the number of capable speakers. The areas where the local dialect is the strongest are primarily in the surrounding towns and areas, which are typically less economically developed than Changle.[citation needed]

The younger Generation prefer pop culture, arts, music and other forms of entertainment from Hong Kong and the West. The older generation of Changleners enjoy Min Opera, a form of Chinese opera.

Shopping and diningEdit

International fast food chains have been present for along time and high end brands are trying to get in to the Fuzhounese market, with their high disposable income and expensive tastes.

CuisineEdit

Due to geographic location, Changle cuisine consists of a lot of seafood, such as clams, shrimps, conch, sea snails, etc.

  • Fish balls (鱼丸) A ball-shaped food made from minced fish meat, egg whites, and sweet potato starch. It is known for its chewy texture and umami taste. Some fish balls contain no fillings, while others contain a filling made from minced pork and scallions.
  • Fish Noodles (鱼面) A noodle made from fish and starch.
  • Bian Rou (扁肉) Literally means "ground meat." It is Fujian style wonton soup. It features a thin wonton skin and a pork filling.
  • Rou Yan (肉燕) It literally translates to “Meat Swallow”, as in the passerine birds. It is very similar to Bian Rou, but the wrapper of Rou Yan is made from pork meat. The locals use lean pork and pound it with a wooden stick, then combine sweet potato starch with the pork to make the wrapper. The fillings consist of ground pork, scallion, and sometimes small dried shrimp. The name Rou Yan or “Meat Swallow” comes from the fact that the food resembles a swallow.
  • Ban Mian (拌面) Noodles with a peanut butter like sauce. Although not native to Changle, Ban Mian is still common all over the district. Another common ingredient in ban mian is lard or pork fat. Although proven unhealthy, the lard adds a special fragrance to the dish. When the dish is presented to the customer, the customer is expected to mix the sauce and the noodle themselves. Because the sauce is made from a combination of soy sauce, peanut butter, and lard, it can solidify very quickly. So before eating the dish, the customer has to mix the noodle with the sauce thoroughly. Hence the dish is called Ban Mian, because Ban means mix in Chinese, and Mian means noodles.
  • Jia Yu Wan (假鱼丸) Another very common and popular Changle food. The translation means "fake fish ball". It is like the traditional fish ball, with similar fillings, but the difference is from the exterior. Unlike Yun Wan or fish balls, which contain an exterior made of fish meat, the exteriors of Jia Yu Wan are made from mashed potatoes combine with sweet potato starch. Many people prefer “fake fish balls” over “fish balls” because of the contrast between the sweet exterior from the potato and the savory interior pork filling.

AdministrationEdit

Changle is divided among four subdistricts, twelve towns, and two townships:[3]

  • Wuhang Subdistrict (吴航街道)
  • Hangcheng Subdistrict (航城街道)
  • Zhanggang Subdistrict (漳港街道)
  • Yingqian Subdistrict (营前街道)
  • Meihua Town (梅花镇)
  • Jinfeng Town (金峰镇)
  • Tantou Town (潭头镇)
  • Yutian Town (玉田镇)
  • Jiangtian Town (江田镇)
  • Guhuai Town (古槐镇)
  • Heshang Town (鹤上镇)
  • Shouzhan Town (首占镇)
  • Wenwusha Town (文武砂镇)
  • Hunan Town (湖南镇)
  • Wenling Town (文岭镇)
  • Songxia Town (松下镇)
  • Luolian Township (罗联乡)
  • Houyu Township (猴屿乡)

Education systemEdit

CollegesEdit

  • Fuzhou College of Foreign Studies and Trade, Changle Campus (Shouzhan Town) 福州外语外贸学院长乐校区,首占

High schoolsEdit

  • No.1 Junior High School (Wuhan Town) 长乐一中,吴航
  • Huaqiao Junior High and Senior School (Wuhan Town) 长乐侨中,吴航
  • No.2 Junior High School (Jinfeng Town) 长乐二中,金峰
  • Changle Junior High School (formerly known as 'Changle Normal School', Wuhan Town) 长乐高级中学(原为长乐师范学校)
  • No.3 Junior High School (Guhuai Town) 长乐三中,古槐
  • No.7 Junior High School (Jiangtian Town) 长乐七中(或称长乐智化中学),江田
  • No.4 Junior High School (Yutian Town) 长乐四中,玉田
  • No.6 Junior High School (Yingqian Town) 长乐六中,营前
  • No.5 Junior High School (Tantou Town) 长乐五中,潭头

ClimateEdit

External linksEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ 福州至平潭铁路可研报告获发改委批复, 2012-11-10
  2. ^ Zhao, Xiaojian (2010). The New Chinese America : Class, Economy, And Social Hierarchy. New Brunswick, N.J: Rutgers University Press.
  3. ^ Changle's Government. (in Chinese)