Chalk Farm

Chalk Farm is a small urban district of north London; lying immediately north of Camden Town, in the London Borough of Camden.

Chalk Farm
Chalk Farm station entrance geograph-3300437-by-Ben-Brooksbank.jpg
Junction of Adelaide Road and Haverstock Hill, outside Chalk Farm Underground station
Chalk Farm is located in Greater London
Chalk Farm
Chalk Farm
Location within Greater London
Population24,977 Based on maximal two-ward definition based on 2011 census[1]
OS grid referenceTQ2884
London borough
Ceremonial countyGreater London
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townLONDON
Postcode districtNW1, NW3, NW5
Dialling code020
PoliceMetropolitan
FireLondon
AmbulanceLondon
UK Parliament
London Assembly
List of places
UK
England
London
51°32′38″N 0°09′07″W / 51.544°N 0.152°W / 51.544; -0.152Coordinates: 51°32′38″N 0°09′07″W / 51.544°N 0.152°W / 51.544; -0.152

HistoryEdit

Manor of RugmereEdit

Chalk Farm was originally known as the Manor of Rugmere, an estate that was mentioned in the Domesday Book.[2] The manor was one of five which made up the large Ancient Parish of St Pancras.[3] Rugmere is thought to mean the Woodcock's Pool.[4]

Henry VIII bought part of the manor, detaching it to form the north-eastern part of what would become Regent's Park, the remainder subsequently become more commonly known as Chalk Farm. Both the detached area and the remainder remained part of the parish of St Pancras.

In 1786 the estate was sold to Charles FitzRoy, 1st Baron Southampton, it was described as commonly known as Chalk Farm. The term Rugmere (or Rug Moor) appeared to have endured for some time as a field name.

Disputed etymologyEdit

The origin of the name is disputed, it certainly doesn’t derive from the soil as the area is built on London Clay. It might derive from the colour of the farmhouse, sometimes referred to as referred to as the White House. It is commonly held that Chalk Farm (the farmhouse was in the vicinity of Fitzroy Road) was previously known as Lower Chalcot Farm and that Chalk derives from Chalcot.[5]

There was an estate called Chalcot, farmed from England’s Lane in Belsize Park, in the parish of Hampstead, half a mile to the north-west (first recorded as Chaldecotes in the 13th century). The estate had split into Upper and Lower Chalcot Farms by 1720, but reunited and farmed from Upper Chalcot Farmhouse around 1797. The counter argument is that Lower Chalcot Farm was not Chalk Farm as often claimed, but actually farmed from another farmhouse on England’s Lane.[6][7] If that argument is correct then Chalk Farm was never known as Chalcot, but probably named for the whitewashed farm buildings. Chalk has often been used as a product in whitewash.

GeographyEdit

The area is not formally defined, though the former Manor of Chalk Farm was a component part of the Ancient Parish and Borough of St Pancras. The core area lies between Chalk Farm Road in the east and St Pancras' western boundary to the west; an area that extends to Ainger Road and takes in part of the Primrose Hill open space, though the hill itself is in Hampstead.

Chalk Farm includes part of the Camden Town with Primrose Hill ward, and perhaps also part of the Haverstock ward. As of 2020, Camdens wards are being reviewed and these wards will be abolished or have their boundaries redrawn.[8]

EconomyEdit

Chalk Farm equates to the northern neighbourhood of Camden Town and features many lively pubs, live music venues, and restaurants.

Within immediate reach of the tube station is The Roundhouse, a former circular railway engine turntable shed converted to 360° arts and performance use.

Chalk Farm contains Haverstock School Business & Enterprise College (formerly Haverstock Comprehensive School).

Camden College of English was in Chalk Farm

For over 70 years major bus routes were operated from Chalk Farm bus garage, in Harmood Street, now long gone. Today the long-established route 27 and the newer route 393 both terminate at Chalk Farm. These buses reach opposite destinations outside central London: Hammersmith and Clapton respectively.

Walden Books[permanent dead link] is a long-established secondhand bookshop located just off Chalk Farm Road.

Social conditionsEdit

The south of the area has regular residents on its broadest definition, which is capable of including Jude Law, Sadie Frost and Sienna Miller among the highest-grossing early 21st century 'Camden set' of writers, artists and actors, but equally, parts of both wards have some stubborn poverty and a significant minority of their housing is social housing.

Census data for local wards gives an indication of varied social conditions in the area.

2011 Published Statistics: Population, home ownership and extracts from Physical Environment, surveyed in 2005[1]
Output area Homes owned outright Owned with a loan Socially rented Privately rented Other km² green spaces km² roads km² water km² domestic gardens km² domestic buildings km² non-domestic buildings Usual residents km²
Haverstock 677 727 2583 1156 111 0.10 0.01 0.00 0.15 0.10 0.08 12364 0.73
Camden Town with Primrose Hill 1122 882 1802 1974 125 0.16 0.02 0.02 0.18 0.15 0.17 12613 1.17

TransportEdit

Neighbouring placesEdit

Nearest stationsEdit

The nearest London Overground station (east-west) is centred 0.5 miles (0.80 km) east:

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Key Statistics: Dwellings; Quick Statistics: Population Density; Physical Environment: Land Use Survey 2005
  2. ^ Domesday Online resource https://opendomesday.org/place/TQ2983/rug-moor/
  3. ^ BHO on the manor of Rugmere, ie Chalk Farm, being part of the parish of St Pancras 'Introduction', in Survey of London: Volume 19, the Parish of St Pancras Part 2: Old St Pancras and Kentish Town, ed. Percy Lovell and William McB. Marcham (London, 1938), pp. 1-31. British History Online http://www.british-history.ac.uk/survey-london/vol19/pt2/pp1-31 [accessed 16 May 2020].
  4. ^ London, 800-1216: The Shaping of the City p 343, referring to Place Names of Middlesex p142
  5. ^ Edward Walford, 'Primrose Hill and Chalk Farm', in Old and New London: Volume 5 (London, 1878), pp. 287-300. British History Online http://www.british-history.ac.uk/old-new-london/vol5/pp287-300 [accessed 16 May 2020].
  6. ^ T F T Baker, Diane K Bolton and Patricia E C Croot, 'Hampstead: Economic History', in A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 9, Hampstead, Paddington, ed. C R Elrington (London, 1989), pp. 111-130. British History Online http://www.british-history.ac.uk/vch/middx/vol9/pp111-130 [accessed 16 May 2020].
  7. ^ T F T Baker, Diane K Bolton and Patricia E C Croot, 'Hampstead: Manor and Other Estates', in A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 9, Hampstead, Paddington, ed. C R Elrington (London, 1989), pp. 91-111. British History Online http://www.british-history.ac.uk/vch/middx/vol9/pp91-111 [accessed 16 May 2020].
  8. ^ Boundary commission on ward bdry review, includes interactive maps https://consultation.lgbce.org.uk/node/15477