Century break

In snooker, a century break (also century, sometimes called a ton) is a break of 100 points or more, compiled in one visit to the table. A century break requires potting at least 25 consecutive balls, and the ability to score centuries is regarded as a mark of the highest skill in snooker. Ronnie O'Sullivan has described a player's first century break as the "ultimate milestone for any snooker player".[1]

Ronnie O'Sullivan has scored the most century breaks in professional snooker tournaments.

In the 2013–14 season, Neil Robertson became the first player to compile 100 century breaks in a single season—a number that only some 60 other players have surpassed throughout their entire careers—and ended the season with 103 centuries, a record number for one season. In 2019–20, Judd Trump became the second player to achieve a "century of centuries", ending the season with 102 century breaks. O'Sullivan holds the record for the most career centuries and is the only player to have achieved 1,000 century breaks, a milestone he reached in the final frame of the 2019 Players Championship in Preston.

RulesEdit

 
Snooker table with balls placed in their starting positions

A century break is a score of 100 points or more within one visit to the table.[2] The player does this by potting red balls and coloured balls alternately, where the coloured balls are repositioned on their starting locations. After repositioning the coloured ball paired to the last red on the table, the six coloured balls are potted in order of their increasing value. Because a break is defined as series of consecutive pots by a player during a single frame,[3] scoring 100 points over the course of a whole frame does not necessarily constitute a century break, as it must be done on a single turn at the table. Points for a foul shot by the opponent do not count in a player's break.

Under normal circumstances, the highest possible century in snooker is 147 (a "maximum break"), composed of 15 reds (one point each), 15 blacks (seven points each) and the six remaining colours; yellow, green, brown, blue, pink and black potted consecutively (two through seven points each for a total of 27). If for example only the least-valued colour (yellow, two points) would be used instead of the black ball, the break value would only be 72 points. This means that only a single century break is possible in a frame of snooker under a limited number of combinations, but it requires the potting of at least 25 consecutive balls (10 x (1 + 7) + 2 + 3 + 4 + 5 + 6 = 100).[1] To score one, there must be at least ten reds on the table when the player comes to play since if there are only nine reds left, only 99 (= 9 × (1 + 7) + 27) points may be scored. An exception exists if the opponent fouls and leaves the incoming player snookered on all the remaining reds. In such a situation, the player can nominate one of the other colours as a red, known as a "free ball", which carries the same value as a red for just that shot, and therefore, a century break is still possible with only nine reds left.

Breaks above 147 are possible (up to 155) when an opponent fouls and leaves a free ball with all fifteen reds still remaining on the table, creating a situation identical to as if there were 16 red balls on the table. This has happened only once in professional competition, when Jamie Burnett made a 148 at the qualifying stage of the 2004 UK Championship.[4]

List of players with 100 confirmed century breaks in professional competitionEdit

A "century of centuries" refers to a total of 100 breaks of at least 100 points each.[1] By December 2001, only 15 players had reached this milestone in professional snooker tournaments.[5] With the increased occurrence of centuries compiled in professional competition in the past decades,[1] another 27 players had achieved a "century of centuries" by October 2011, bringing the total to 42.[6] By the end of the 2013–14 season, the total number of players reaching the 100 centuries threshold had increased to 52.[7] By the end of the English Open in October 2018, there were 66 players that had reached the 100 century breaks marker.[8][better source needed]

The following players are reported to have passed 100 breaks and at least the given threshold above this.

Threshold Player Ref
1100   Ronnie O'Sullivan [9][10]
800   John Higgins [11]
  Judd Trump [12][13]
750   Stephen Hendry [14]
  Neil Robertson [15][16]
650   Mark Selby [17][18]
550   Ding Junhui [17][19]
500   Shaun Murphy [17][20][better source needed]
  Marco Fu [10]
  Mark Williams [21][22][better source needed]
  Stuart Bingham [23][24]
400   Mark Allen [25]
350   Peter Ebdon (377) [26]
  Steve Davis (355) [27]
300   Ken Doherty [1][28]
  Barry Hawkins [29]
  Matthew Stevens [30]
200   Alan McManus (230) [29]
100   Willie Thorne (126) [31]
  Paul Hunter (114) [32]
  Ian McCulloch (105) [33]
  Nigel Bond [34]
  Mark King [35]
Key
 
Exact tally for a retired player

Secondary list of players with 100 century breaks in professional competitionEdit

Threshold Player Ref
1100   Ronnie O'Sullivan [9][10]
800   John Higgins [11]
  Judd Trump [12][13]
750   Stephen Hendry [14]
  Neil Robertson [15][16]
650   Mark Selby [17][18]
550   Ding Junhui [17][19]
500   Shaun Murphy [20]
  Marco Fu [10]
  Mark Williams [21][22][better source needed]
  Stuart Bingham [23][24]
400   Mark Allen [25]
350   Peter Ebdon (377) [26]
  Steve Davis (355) [27]
  Stephen Maguire [1][36][needs update]
  Ryan Day [37][needs update]
300   Ken Doherty [1][28]
  Jimmy White [1][10]
  Barry Hawkins [29]
  Matthew Stevens [30]
250   Anthony Hamilton [8][better source needed]
  Joe Perry [8][better source needed]
  Ali Carter [8][better source needed]
  Ricky Walden [8][better source needed]
200   John Parrott (221) [8][better source needed]
  Mark Davis [8][better source needed]
  Liang Wenbo [8][better source needed]
  Alan McManus [29]
  Fergal O'Brien [8][better source needed]
  Dominic Dale [8][better source needed]
  David Gilbert [38][needs update]
  Graeme Dott [8][better source needed]
Threshold Player Ref
150
  Stephen Lee (184) [8][better source needed]
  James Wattana [8][better source needed]
  Robin Hull [8][better source needed]
  Jamie Cope [8][better source needed]
  Martin Gould [8][better source needed]
  Tom Ford [39]
  Michael Holt [40][better source needed]
  Kurt Maflin [41][better source needed]
100   Dave Harold (143) [8][better source needed]
  Jamie Burnett (136) [8][better source needed]
  Willie Thorne (126) [31]
  Paul Hunter (114) [32]
  Darren Morgan (111) [8][better source needed]
  Ian McCulloch (105) [33]
  Andy Hicks [8][better source needed]
  Tony Drago [8][better source needed]
  Barry Pinches [8][better source needed]
  Nigel Bond [34]
  Mark King [35]
  Robert Milkins [8][better source needed]
  Michael White [8][better source needed]
  Andrew Higginson [8][better source needed]
  Joe Swail [8][better source needed]
  Kyren Wilson [8][better source needed]
  Anthony McGill [8][better source needed]
  Xiao Guodong [8][better source needed]
  Alfie Burden [8][better source needed]
  Jimmy Robertson [8][better source needed]
  Jack Lisowski [8][better source needed]
  Ben Woollaston [8][better source needed]
  Rod Lawler [8][better source needed]
  Gerard Greene [8][better source needed]
  Tian Pengfei [8][better source needed]
  Matthew Selt [8][better source needed]
Key
  Exact tally for a retired player

RecordsEdit

CareerEdit

  • Joe Davis compiled the first televised century break in 1962.[1]
  • The record for the most century breaks scored in official tournament play has been held by Ronnie O'Sullivan since January 2015, when he broke the record of 775 career centuries previously held by Stephen Hendry.[42]
  • The first player to have recorded 1,000 centuries in public performance is Horace Lindrum.[43] Ronnie O'Sullivan is the only player to have compiled more than 1,000 century breaks in professional competition, having achieved his 1,000th century at the 2019 Players Championship on 10 March 2019.[44]
  • Stacey Hillyard became the first female player to record a competitive century in January 1985.[45]
  • The fastest recorded century break in tournament play was by Tony Drago at the 1996 UK Championship – he took 3 minutes 31 seconds (211 seconds) to score one hundred points.[46]
  • The youngest player to record a century break is Michael White, who scored his first century in March 2001 at the age of nine.[37]

SeasonEdit

EventEdit

  • The most centuries made by a player in a single match during a professional tournament is seven and the record is shared by Stephen Hendry, Ding Junhui and Judd Trump.
  • The record for combined number of century breaks in a single game by both players is eleven, achieved by Judd Trump (seven) and John Higgins (four) in the final of the 2019 World Championship.[62] This broke the previous record of ten, achieved by Ding Junhui (seven) and Alan McManus (three) in their semi-final tie at the 2016 World Championship.[60]
  • The most century breaks in a ranking event is eighteen centuries by Ding during the 2016 World Championship, compiling three during qualifying and a further fifteen at the Crucible Theatre during the main event.[66][67] Hendry previously set a record of sixteen at the 2002 World Championship, which remains a televised, Crucible and venue record.[46]
  • O'Sullivan has compiled more century breaks than any other player in the World Championship competition at the Crucible Theatre. He broke Hendry's record of 127 at the 2013 Championship,[61][68] extending his total to 179 up to and including the 2020 Championship.[69] John Higgins is the only other player besides Hendry and O'Sullivan to compile more than 100 centuries at the world championship in the Crucible era.[70]
  • An aggregate Crucible record of 100 centuries was set at the 2019 World Championship, breaking the previous record of 86 held by the 2015 and 2016 World Championships.[71]

ConsecutiveEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Davis, Steve (7 January 2015). "The rise of snooker's century breaks". BBC Sport. Retrieved 13 January 2015.
  2. ^ Fitzgibbon, Liam (1 May 2014). "Neil Robertson makes century of snooker 100s". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 2 May 2014.
  3. ^ BCA Rules Committee (November 1992). Billiards: The Official Rules and Record Book. Iowa City, IA, US: Billiard Congress of America. ISBN 1-878493-02-7.
  4. ^ Everton, Clive (18 October 2004). "Burnett's break goes one better". The Guardian. Retrieved 9 May 2012.
  5. ^ Everton, Clive (16 December 2001). "Century king Ronnie". BBC Sport. Retrieved 5 May 2014.
  6. ^ "Snooker's Leading Century Makers". cajt.pwp.blueyonder.co.uk. Chris Turner's Snooker Archive. Archived from the original on 8 March 2013. Retrieved 30 October 2011.
  7. ^ "Robertson Wins / Makes Historic Century". World Snooker. 30 April 2014. Archived from the original on 2 May 2014. Retrieved 1 May 2014.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak "Century Break". RKG Snooker. 17 October 2018. Retrieved 17 October 2018.
  9. ^ a b "Ronnie O'Sullivan moves onto 1100 career centuries in 10–8 victory over John Higgins". Sporting Life. 23 March 2021. Retrieved 23 March 2021.
  10. ^ a b c d e "Top Ten Break Builders". wst.tv. WPBSA. 6 March 2020. Archived from the original on 29 March 2020. Retrieved 17 February 2021.
  11. ^ a b "Robertson reaches semis". wst.tv. WPBSA. 2 November 2020. Archived from the original on 3 November 2020.
  12. ^ a b "Trump Makes 800th Century". wst.tv. WPBSA. 1 April 2021.
  13. ^ a b Walker-Roberts, James (1 April 2021). "Judd Trump falls agonisingly short of maximum 147 break". Eurosport.
  14. ^ a b Phillips, Owen (2 May 2012). "Stephen Hendry retires after World Snooker Championship defeat". BBC Sport. Retrieved 2 May 2012.
  15. ^ a b "Robertson and Zhou to meet in semis". wst.tv. WPBSA. 4 December 2020. Archived from the original on 5 December 2020. Retrieved 13 December 2020.
  16. ^ a b Chadband, Ian (5 December 2020). "'Thunder' into UK semis with 750th ton". Victor Harbor Times. AAP. Retrieved 17 February 2021.
  17. ^ a b c d e "Final - Part 1". UK Snooker Championship. Season 2019–2020. 6 December 2020. 175 minutes in. BBC. BBC TWO. Ronnie O'Sullivan – 1,070; John Higgins – 804;; Stephen Hendry –775; Judd Trump – 756; Neil Robertson – 755; Mark Selby –649; Ding Junhui – 545; Shaun Murphy – 536; Marco Fu – 501; Mark Williams – 493.
  18. ^ a b "Scottish Open 2020 – Centuries". livescores.worldsnookerdata.com. WPBSA. Archived from the original on 21 December 2020. Mark Selby – 8; Ding Junhui – 6
  19. ^ a b "Scottish Open – Ding Junhui produces break of 135 for 550th career century against Ronnie O'Sullivan". Eurosport. 11 December 2020. Retrieved 17 February 2021.
  20. ^ a b "Murphy Makes 500th Career Century! 19.com English Open Highlights - Day 3". World Snooker. 17 October 2019.
  21. ^ a b "Mark Williams, The Welsh Potting Machine". WPBSA. 8 February 2021. Retrieved 17 February 2021.
  22. ^ a b "Mark J Williams 2020/2021". snooker.org. Retrieved 13 February 2021.
  23. ^ a b "Neil Robertson builds quarter-final lead over Kyren Wilson at Crucible". The Argus. Press Association. 27 April 2021. Retrieved 29 April 2021.
  24. ^ a b "World Championship 2021: Stuart Bingham wraps up 500th career century against Anthony McGill". Eurosport. 28 April 2021. Retrieved 29 April 2021.
  25. ^ a b "UK Championship: Mark Allen beats Stephen Maguire 6–1 to reach semi-finals". BBC Sport. 7 December 2018.
  26. ^ a b "Ebdon Retires From Pro Snooker". WPBSA. 30 April 2020.
  27. ^ a b Hafez, Shamoon (17 April 2016). "Steve Davis: Snooker great retires after 38-year career". BBC Sport. Retrieved 22 April 2016.
  28. ^ a b Kalb, Rolf (6 November 2012). "Snooker – Ding souverän – aber verpasst Maximum-Break" [Snooker – Ding sovereign – but missed maximum break]. Yahoo! Eurosport (in German). Archived from the original on 10 November 2012. Retrieved 6 November 2012.
  29. ^ a b c d Kane, Desmond (21 June 2020). "All-time top 10: Who are the greatest players to never win the world title?". Eurosport. Retrieved 17 February 2021.
  30. ^ a b "Ronnie O'Sullivan crashes out of English Open after loss to Matthew Stevens". Retrieved 12 March 2021.
  31. ^ a b Goulding, Neil (2 May 2014). "Snooker: Stephen Hendry recognises shades of himself in Neil Robertson". The Independent. Retrieved 4 May 2014.
  32. ^ a b "Paul Hunter". The Telegraph. 11 October 2006. Retrieved 20 September 2015.
  33. ^ a b "Preston Preview". World Snooker. 24 March 2014. Archived from the original on 6 June 2014.
  34. ^ a b Blackmore, Ben (29 July 2013). "Snooker World Games 2013: British Duo Experience Failure". BleacherReport.com. Retrieved 20 September 2015.
  35. ^ a b Caulfield, David (8 February 2014). "Trump Continues Form in Poland". Snooker HQ. Retrieved 5 June 2014.
  36. ^ Kalb, Rolf (18 February 2013). "Welsh Open - Maguire beendet Durststrecke" (in German). Yahoo! Eurosport. Archived from the original on 21 February 2013. Retrieved 18 February 2013.
  37. ^ a b Welton, Blake (5 March 2015). "Who are the Welsh players set to compete at the Snooker World Grand Prix?". Daily Post. Retrieved 20 September 2015.
  38. ^ Phillips, Owen (28 November 2014). "UK Championship 2014: David Gilbert keen to build on victory". BBC Sport. Retrieved 20 September 2015.
  39. ^ "Ford Aiming For Major Breakthrough". World Snooker. 4 September 2012. Archived from the original on 3 December 2013. Retrieved 5 June 2014.
  40. ^ "YouTube". YouTube. Archived from the original on 17 January 2016. Retrieved 20 September 2015.
  41. ^ Day, Michael (17 April 2015). "Snooker Tips — World Championship Day 1 Tips — Mark Selby v Kurt Maflin". WeLoveBetting.co.uk. Retrieved 20 September 2015.
  42. ^ Hafez, Shamoon (15 January 2015). "Masters 2015: Ronnie O'Sullivan breaks Stephen Hendry's record". BBC Sport. Retrieved 15 January 2015.
  43. ^ Hayton, Eric (2004). The CueSport Book of Professional Snooker. Suffolk: Rose Villa Publications. p. 5. ISBN 978-0-9548549-0-4.
  44. ^ "Ronnie O'Sullivan – The Millennial Man". wst.tv. WPBSA. 10 March 2019. Archived from the original on 20 February 2020. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  45. ^ "On This Week: Steve Davis hits first televised 147". Eurosport. 11 January 2010. Archived from the original on 15 July 2015. Retrieved 20 September 2015. Stacey Hillyard made a break of 114, the first century by a woman in competitive play, in a league match in Bournemouth.
  46. ^ a b c d e f g h Turner, Chris. "Various Snooker Records". Chris Turner's Snooker Archive. Archived from the original on 28 January 2013. Retrieved 11 May 2011.
  47. ^ a b Everton, Clive (24 April 2011). "Mark Selby breaks Crucible century record and Stephen Hendry". The Guardian. Retrieved 5 May 2013.
  48. ^ Goulding, Neil (25 April 2011). "Snooker: Selby sets record to leave Hendry clinging on". The Independent. Archived from the original on 27 April 2011.
  49. ^ Dee, John (1 May 2008). "Ronnie O'Sullivan pegs back Stephen Hendry". The Telegraph. Retrieved 5 May 2013.
  50. ^ "Betfred.com World Championship (2011)". Snooker.org. Archived from the original on 16 August 2019. Retrieved 5 May 2013.
  51. ^ Hendon, Dave (10 July 2011). "Wuxi Rivalry for World Cup Team-Mates". Snooker Scene Blog. Retrieved 5 May 2013.
  52. ^ Nunns, Hector (24 April 2013). "Judd Trump sets century breaks record in victory over Dominic Dale". The Times. Retrieved 5 May 2013.
  53. ^ "Selby Takes First UK Crown". wst.tv. WPBSA. 10 December 2012. Archived from the original on 20 February 2020. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  54. ^ "Murphy 147 / Robertson Centuries Record". World Snooker. 9 January 2014. Archived from the original on 9 January 2014. Retrieved 23 April 2014.
  55. ^ "Robertson's historic 100th century". BBC Sport. 30 April 2014. Retrieved 30 April 2014.
  56. ^ "Dafabet World Championship: century breaks". livescores.worldsnookerdata.com. WPBSA. Archived from the original on 5 May 2014. Retrieved 5 May 2014.
  57. ^ Bazeley, Marc (18 April 2014). "Dafabet World Snooker Championship: Neil Robertson takes aim at Don Bradman's mark". Cambridge News. Archived from the original on 24 April 2014. Retrieved 23 April 2014.
  58. ^ "Wilson Beats Champion Trump". wst.tv. WPBSA. 11 August 2020. Archived from the original on 13 August 2020. Retrieved 13 August 2020.
  59. ^ "UK Championship (1994)". Snooker.org. Retrieved 7 May 2013.
  60. ^ a b "China's Ding Into First World Final". wst.tv. WPBSA. 30 April 2016. Archived from the original on 20 February 2021.
  61. ^ a b "Ronnie O'Sullivan takes the title". Sporting Life. 6 May 2013. Archived from the original on 9 May 2013.
  62. ^ a b "Trump Tops the World". wst.tv. WPBSA. 6 May 2019. Archived from the original on 20 February 2020.
  63. ^ Goulding, Neil (7 May 2013). "Snooker: Ronnie O'Sullivan defends world title against Barry Hawkins as if he'd never been away". The Independent. Retrieved 6 May 2013.
  64. ^ "World Snooker: Selby beats Hendry to reach last eight". BBC Sport. 25 April 2011. Retrieved 24 April 2011.
  65. ^ "Five-Ton Fergal Floors Hawk". wst.tv. WPBSA. 27 November 2016. Archived from the original on 20 February 2021.
  66. ^ "World Championship Qualifiers – Centuries". livescores.worldsnookerdata.com. WPBSA. Archived from the original on 18 May 2016.
  67. ^ "World Championship – Centuries". livescores.worldsnookerdata.com. WPBSA. Archived from the original on 17 May 2016.
  68. ^ "Ronnie O'Sullivan unsure over defending world snooker title". BBC Sport. 6 May 2013. Retrieved 7 May 2013.
  69. ^ Hammer, Chris (17 August 2020). "Ronnie O'Sullivan's sixth World Championship breaks the ranking title record and brings up his 20th Triple Crown triumph". Sporting Life. Archived from the original on 7 December 2020.
  70. ^ "Crucible centuries since 1977". Sporting Life. 14 April 2016. Archived from the original on 30 April 2016.
  71. ^ "A Century of Centuries at the Crucible". wst.tv. WPBSA. 6 May 2019. Archived from the original on 20 February 2020.
  72. ^ "Kyren Wilson & Anthony Hamilton make history with six straight tons". BBC Sport. 11 February 2016. Retrieved 30 April 2014.
  73. ^ "Trump Storms Into Last 16". World Snooker. 5 October 2013. Archived from the original on 8 October 2013.
  74. ^ "White Delight after Respot Drama". wst.tv. WPBSA. 3 December 2019. Archived from the original on 20 February 2021.
  75. ^ "Stunning Maguire Downs Robertson". wst.tv. WPBSA. 20 June 2020. Archived from the original on 22 June 2020.

External linksEdit