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Ronnie O'Sullivan's maximum at the 1997 World Championship. This holds the record for the fastest 147.

The maximum break in snooker is 147, also known as a maximum, a 147, or orally, a one-four-seven. A player compiles a maximum break by potting all 15 reds with 15 blacks for 120 points, followed by all six colours for a further 27 points. A maximum break is regarded as the highest possible achievement in a single frame of snooker, and is often compared to a nine-dart finish in darts or a 300 game in ten-pin bowling.

The first officially recognised maximum break was made by Joe Davis in a 1955 exhibition match in London. At the Classic in January 1982, Steve Davis achieved the first recognised maximum in professional competition, which was also the first maximum to occur during a televised match. The following year, Cliff Thorburn became the first player to make a maximum at the World Championships. At the UK Championship in December 2013, Mark Selby achieved the 100th recognised maximum break in professional competition, while David Gilbert made the 147th 147 in the Championship League in January 2019. Ronnie O'Sullivan holds the record for the most maximum breaks in professional competition, with 15. He also holds the record for the fastest competitive maximum break, at 5 minutes and 8 seconds, which he achieved at the 1997 World Championship.

Maximum breaks have gradually become more frequent in snooker. Only eight recognised maximum breaks were achieved in the 1980s, but 26 were attained in the 1990s and 35 in the 2000s. So far in the 2010s, over 80 recognised maximums have been achieved. In the 1980s and 1990s, some players received £147,000 for making a maximum break, but as the frequency of maximums has increased, the prize money has been reduced, leading to some discontent among players.

In theory, breaks up to 155 are possible if the referee awards a free ball before any of the reds have been potted. In practice, breaks above 147 are extremely unusual, having occurred only once in professional competition, when Jamie Burnett made a break of 148 in the qualifying stages of the 2004 UK Championship.

HistoryEdit

Joe Davis compiled the first officially recognised maximum break on 22 January 1955, in a match against Willie Smith at Leicester Square Hall, London.[1] The Billiards Association and Control Council initially refused to accept the break since the match was not played under their rules. At the time the professionals played using a rule (now standard) whereby after a foul a player could compel the offender to play the next stroke. It was only at a meeting on 20 March 1957 that they recognised the break. Davis was presented with a certificate to commemorate his achievement.[2] The match between Davis and Smith was played as part of a series of events marking the closure of Leicester Square Hall. The hall, known as Thurston's Hall until 1947,[3] had hosted many important billiards and snooker matches since its opening in 1901, including 12 World Snooker Championship finals.[4]

John Spencer made a maximum break in the 1979 Holsten Lager International. This did not count as an official maximum, however, as the break was made on a non-templated table used during the event.[5] The first official maximum break in professional competition was by Steve Davis in the 1982 Classic at the Queen Elizabeth Hall in Oldham, against John Spencer.[6] Davis won a car for the achievement.[7] This was also the first televised maximum.[8] The following year, Cliff Thorburn became the first player to make a maximum at the World Championship in the fourth frame of his second round match against Terry Griffiths.[7]

Before the 1994–95 season, the maximum break remained a rare feat, with only 15 compiled official maximums. But beginning in 1994–95, a maximum break has been achieved every season thereafter; the 13 maximums scored in the 2016–17 season is the highest number to date. Mark Selby made the one-hundredth officially recognised maximum break in professional competition on 7 December 2013 in the seventh frame of his semi-final match at the UK Championship against Ricky Walden.[9][10] Since then, another 39 maximum breaks have been officially recorded in professional competition.[11] Englishman Ronnie O'Sullivan has compiled fifteen official competitive maximum breaks, the most by any professional player.[12] Following him are Stephen Hendry with eleven, John Higgins with eight, and Ding Junhui with six. O'Sullivan also holds the record for the fastest competitive maximum break at just over five minutes, which he set at the 1997 World Championship.[13]

At least seven players have missed the final black on 140: Robin Hull, Ken Doherty, Barry Pinches, Mark Selby,[14] Michael White,[15] Thepchaiya Un-Nooh (twice in the 2015–16 season),[16][17] and Liang Wenbo (in 2018) in a World Championship qualifying match, where he had already made a maximum.[18]

Breaks above 147 are possible when an opponent fouls and leaves a free ball with all fifteen reds still remaining on the table. A break greater than 147 has happened only once in professional competition, when Jamie Burnett made a 148-point break at the qualifying stage of the 2004 UK Championship.[19] Jamie Cope compiled a break of 155 points, the highest possible free-ball break, during practice in 2005.[20][21] Alex Higgins was said to have attained the same feat.[22]

Official listEdit

Official maximum breaks achieved in professional competition[11][23][24]
No. Date Player Age Opponent Event Video
001 11 January 1982   Steve Davis 24 years, 142 days   John Spencer ClassicTV [video 1]
002 23 April 1983   Cliff Thorburn 35 years, 97 days   Terry Griffiths World ChampionshipTV [video 2]
003 28 January 1984   Kirk Stevens 25 years, 164 days   Jimmy White MastersTV [video 3]
004 17 November 1987   Willie Thorne 33 years, 258 days   Tommy Murphy UK Championship
005 20 February 1988   Tony Meo 28 years, 139 days   Stephen Hendry Matchroom League
006 24 September 1988   Alain Robidoux 28 years, 61 days   Jim Meadowcroft European Open (Q)
007 18 February 1989   John Rea 37 years, 75 days   Ian Black Scottish Professional Championship
008 8 March 1989   Cliff Thorburn (2) 41 years, 51 days   Jimmy White Matchroom League
009 16 January 1991   James Wattana 20 years, 364 days   Paul Dawkins World Masters
010 5 June 1991   Peter Ebdon 20 years, 282 days   Wayne Martin Strachan Open (Q)[25]
011[26] 25 February 1992   James Wattana (2) 22 years, 39 days   Tony Drago British OpenTV [video 4]
012 22 April 1992   Jimmy White 29 years, 356 days   Tony Drago World ChampionshipTV [video 5]
013 9 May 1992   John Parrott 27 years, 364 days   Tony Meo Matchroom League
014 24 May 1992   Stephen Hendry 23 years, 132 days   Willie Thorne Matchroom League
015[27] 14 November 1992   Peter Ebdon (2) 22 years, 79 days   Ken Doherty UK Championship
016[28] 7 September 1994   David McDonnell 22 years, 331 days   Nic Barrow British Open (Q)
017 27 April 1995   Stephen Hendry (2) 26 years, 104 days   Jimmy White World ChampionshipTV [video 6]
018 25 November 1995   Stephen Hendry (3) 26 years, 316 days   Gary Wilkinson UK ChampionshipTV [video 7]
019 5 January 1997   Stephen Hendry (4) 27 years, 358 days   Ronnie O'Sullivan Charity ChallengeTV [video 8]
020 21 April 1997   Ronnie O'Sullivan 21 years, 137 days   Mick Price World ChampionshipTV [video 9]
021 18 September 1997   James Wattana (3) 27 years, 244 days   Pang Weiguo China International
022 16 May 1998   Stephen Hendry (5) 29 years, 123 days   Ken Doherty Premier LeagueTV [video 10]
023 10 August 1998   Adrian Gunnell 25 years, 351 days   Mario Wehrmann Thailand Masters (Q)
024 13 August 1998   Mehmet Husnu 26 years, 19 days   Eddie Barker China International (Q)
025 13 January 1999   Jason Prince 28 years, 210 days   Ian Brumby British Open (Q)
026 29 January 1999   Ronnie O'Sullivan (2) 23 years, 55 days   James Wattana Welsh OpenTV [video 11]
027 4 February 1999   Stuart Bingham 22 years, 259 days   Barry Hawkins UK Tour – Event 3
028 22 March 1999   Nick Dyson 29 years, 93 days   Adrian Gunnell UK Tour – Event 4
029 6 April 1999   Graeme Dott 21 years, 329 days   David Roe British OpenTV
030 19 September 1999   Stephen Hendry (6) 30 years, 249 days   Peter Ebdon British OpenTV [video 12]
031 21 September 1999   Barry Pinches 29 years, 70 days   Joe Johnson Welsh Open (Q)
032 13 October 1999   Ronnie O'Sullivan (3) 23 years, 312 days   Graeme Dott Grand PrixTV [video 13]
033 4 November 1999   Karl Burrows 31 years, 322 days   Adrian Rosa Benson & Hedges Championship
034 22 November 1999   Stephen Hendry (7) 30 years, 313 days   Paul Wykes UK ChampionshipTV [video 14]
035 21 January 2000   John Higgins 24 years, 248 days   Dennis Taylor Nations CupTV [video 15]
036 24 March 2000   John Higgins (2) 24 years, 311 days   Jimmy White Irish MastersTV [video 16]
037 28 March 2000   Stephen Maguire 19 years, 15 days   Phaitoon Phonbun Scottish Open (Q)
038 5 April 2000   Ronnie O'Sullivan (4) 24 years, 122 days   Quinten Hann Scottish OpenTV [video 17]
039 25 October 2000   Marco Fu 22 years, 291 days   Ken Doherty Scottish MastersTV [video 18]
040 7 November 2000   David McLellan 30 years, 302 days   Steve Meakin Benson & Hedges Championship
041 19 November 2000   Nick Dyson (2) 30 years, 336 days   Robert Milkins UK Championship
042 25 February 2001   Stephen Hendry (8) 32 years, 43 days   Mark Williams Malta Grand PrixTV [video 19]
043 17 October 2001   Ronnie O'Sullivan (5) 25 years, 316 days   Drew Henry LG CupTV [video 20]
044 12 November 2001   Shaun Murphy 19 years, 94 days   Adrian Rosa Benson & Hedges Championship
045 28 October 2002   Tony Drago 37 years, 36 days   Stuart Bingham Benson & Hedges Championship
046 22 April 2003   Ronnie O'Sullivan (6) 27 years, 138 days   Marco Fu World ChampionshipTV [video 21]
047 12 October 2003   John Higgins (3) 28 years, 147 days   Mark Williams LG CupTV [video 22]
048 12 November 2003   John Higgins (4) 28 years, 178 days   Michael Judge British OpenTV [video 23]
049 4 October 2004   John Higgins (5) 29 years, 139 days   Ricky Walden Grand PrixTV [video 24]
050 17 November 2004   David Gray 25 years, 282 days   Mark Selby UK Championship
051 20 April 2005   Mark Williams 30 years, 30 days   Robert Milkins World ChampionshipTV [video 25]
052 22 November 2005   Stuart Bingham (2) 29 years, 185 days   Marcus Campbell Masters Qualifying Event
053 14 March 2006   Robert Milkins 30 years, 8 days   Mark Selby World Championship (Q)
054 23 October 2006   Jamie Cope 21 years, 41 days   Michael Holt Grand Prix
055 14 January 2007   Ding Junhui 19 years, 288 days   Anthony Hamilton MastersTV [video 26]
056 15 February 2007   Andrew Higginson 29 years, 64 days   Ali Carter Welsh OpenTV [video 27]
057 19 September 2007   Jamie Burnett 32 years, 3 days   Liu Song Grand Prix (Q)
058 14 October 2007   Tom Ford 24 years, 58 days   Steve Davis Grand Prix
059 8 November 2007   Ronnie O'Sullivan (7) 31 years, 338 days   Ali Carter Northern Ireland TrophyTV [video 28]
060 15 December 2007   Ronnie O'Sullivan (8) 32 years, 10 days   Mark Selby UK ChampionshipTV [video 29]
061 29 March 2008   Stephen Maguire (2) 27 years, 16 days   Ryan Day China OpenTV [video 30]
062 28 April 2008   Ronnie O'Sullivan (9) 32 years, 145 days   Mark Williams World ChampionshipTV [video 31]
063 29 April 2008   Ali Carter 28 years, 279 days   Peter Ebdon World ChampionshipTV [video 32]
064 2 October 2008   Jamie Cope (2) 23 years, 20 days   Mark Williams Shanghai MastersTV [video 33]
065 29 October 2008   Liang Wenbo 21 years, 238 days   Martin Gould Bahrain Championship (Q)
066 8 November 2008   Marcus Campbell 36 years, 47 days   Ahmed Basheer Al-Khusaibi Bahrain ChampionshipTV
067 16 December 2008   Ding Junhui (2) 21 years, 259 days   John Higgins UK ChampionshipTV [video 34]
068 28 April 2009   Stephen Hendry (9) 40 years, 105 days   Shaun Murphy World ChampionshipTV [video 35]
069 5 June 2009   Mark Selby 25 years, 351 days   Joe Perry Jiangsu ClassicTV
070 1 April 2010   Neil Robertson 28 years, 49 days   Peter Ebdon China OpenTV [video 36]
071 25 June 2010   Kurt Maflin 26 years, 321 days   Michal Zielinski Players Tour Championship – Event 1
072 6 August 2010   Barry Hawkins 31 years, 105 days   James McGouran Players Tour Championship – Event 3
073 20 September 2010   Ronnie O'Sullivan (10) 34 years, 289 days   Mark King World OpenTV (Q) [video 37]
074 22 October 2010   Thanawat Thirapongpaiboon 16 years, 312 days   Barry Hawkins Rhein–Main Masters
075 23 October 2010   Mark Williams (2) 35 years, 216 days   Diana Schuler Rhein–Main Masters [video 38]
076 19 November 2010   Rory McLeod 39 years, 238 days   Issara Kachaiwong Prague Classic
077 17 February 2011   Stephen Hendry (10) 42 years, 35 days   Stephen Maguire Welsh OpenTV [video 39]
078 26 August 2011   Ronnie O'Sullivan (11) 35 years, 264 days   Adam Duffy Paul Hunter ClassicTV [video 40]
079[29] 22 November 2011   Mike Dunn 40 years, 2 days   Kurt Maflin German Masters (Q)
080[30] 27 November 2011   David Gray (2) 32 years, 291 days   Robbie Williams Players Tour Championship – Event 10 (Q)
081[31] 29 November 2011   Ricky Walden 29 years, 18 days   Gareth Allen Players Tour Championship – Event 10 [video 41]
082[32] 15 December 2011   Matthew Stevens 32 years, 95 days   Michael Wasley FFB Snooker Open
083[32] 15 December 2011   Ding Junhui (3) 24 years, 258 days   Brandon Winstone FFB Snooker Open
084[33] 17 December 2011   Ding Junhui (4) 24 years, 260 days   James Cahill Players Tour Championship – Event 11TV [video 42]
085[34] 18 December 2011   Jamie Cope (3) 26 years, 97 days   Kurt Maflin Players Tour Championship – Event 11
086[35] 14 January 2012   Marco Fu (2) 34 years, 6 days   Matthew Selt World Open (Q) [video 43]
087[36] 11 April 2012   Robert Milkins (2) 36 years, 36 days   Xiao Guodong World Championship (Q) [video 44]
088[37] 21 April 2012   Stephen Hendry (11) 43 years, 99 days   Stuart Bingham World ChampionshipTV [video 45]
089[38] 1 July 2012   Stuart Bingham (3) 36 years, 41 days   Ricky Walden Wuxi ClassicTV [video 46]
090[39] 24 August 2012   Ken Doherty 42 years, 342 days   Julian Treiber Paul Hunter Classic
091[40] 23 September 2012   John Higgins (6) 37 years, 128 days   Judd Trump Shanghai MastersTV [video 47]
092[41] 16 November 2012   Tom Ford (2) 29 years, 91 days   Matthew Stevens Bulgarian OpenTV [video 48]
093[42] 21 November 2012   Andy Hicks 39 years, 103 days   Daniel Wells UK Championship (Q)
094[43] 22 November 2012   Jack Lisowski 21 years, 150 days   Chen Zhe UK Championship (Q)
095[44] 5 December 2012   John Higgins (7) 37 years, 201 days   Mark Davis UK ChampionshipTV [video 49]
096[45] 14 December 2012   Kurt Maflin (2) 29 years, 128 days   Stuart Carrington Scottish Open
097[46] 16 March 2013   Ding Junhui (5) 25 years, 349 days   Mark Allen Players Tour Championship – FinalsTV [video 50]
098[47] 28 May 2013   Neil Robertson (2) 31 years, 106 days   Mohamed Khairy Wuxi Classic (Q) [video 51]
099[48] 15 November 2013   Judd Trump 24 years, 87 days   Mark Selby Antwerp Open
100[9] 7 December 2013   Mark Selby (2) 30 years, 171 days   Ricky Walden UK ChampionshipTV [video 52]
101[49] 11 December 2013   Dechawat Poomjaeng 35 years, 153 days   Zak Surety German Masters (Q)
102[50] 12 December 2013   Gary Wilson 28 years, 123 days   Ricky Walden German Masters (Q)
103[51] 8 January 2014   Shaun Murphy (2) 31 years, 151 days   Mark Davis Championship League [video 53]
104[52] 9 February 2014   Shaun Murphy (3) 31 years, 183 days   Jamie Jones Gdynia Open [video 54]
105[53] 2 March 2014   Ronnie O'Sullivan (12) 38 years, 87 days   Ding Junhui Welsh OpenTV [video 55]
106[54] 22 August 2014   Aditya Mehta 28 years, 295 days   Stephen Maguire Paul Hunter Classic
107[55] 23 October 2014   Ryan Day 34 years, 214 days   Cao Yupeng Haining Open [video 56]
108[56] 23 November 2014   Shaun Murphy (4) 32 years, 105 days   Robert Milkins Ruhr OpenTV [video 57]
109[57] 4 December 2014   Ronnie O'Sullivan (13) 38 years, 364 days   Matthew Selt UK ChampionshipTV [video 58]
110[58] 12 December 2014   Ben Woollaston 27 years, 212 days   Joe Steele Lisbon Open
111[59] 5 January 2015   Barry Hawkins (2) 35 years, 257 days   Stephen Maguire Championship League [video 59]
112[60] 11 January 2015   Marco Fu (3) 37 years, 3 days   Stuart Bingham MastersTV [video 60]
113[61] 6 February 2015   Judd Trump (2) 25 years, 170 days   Mark Selby German Masters [video 61]
114[62] 10 February 2015   David Gilbert 33 years, 243 days   Xiao Guodong Championship League [video 62]
115[63] 6 December 2015   Neil Robertson (3) 33 years, 298 days   Liang Wenbo UK ChampionshipTV [video 63]
116[64] 11 December 2015   Marco Fu (4) 37 years, 337 days   Sam Baird Gibraltar Open [video 64]
117[65] 19 February 2016   Ding Junhui (6) 28 years, 324 days   Neil Robertson Welsh OpenTV [video 65]
118[66] 25 February 2016   Fergal O'Brien 43 years, 354 days   Mark Davis Championship League [video 66]
119[67] 27 August 2016   Thepchaiya Un-Nooh 31 years, 131 days   Kurt Maflin Paul Hunter ClassicTV [video 67]
120[68] 20 September 2016   Stephen Maguire (3) 35 years, 191 days   Yi Chen Xu Shanghai Masters
121[69] 28 September 2016   Shaun Murphy (5) 34 years, 49 days   Allan Taylor European Masters (Q) [video 68]
122[70] 11 October 2016   Alfie Burden 39 years, 302 days   Daniel Wells English Open
123[71] 16 November 2016   John Higgins (8) 41 years, 182 days   Sam Craigie Northern Ireland OpenTV [video 69]
124[72] 27 November 2016   Mark Allen 30 years, 279 days   Rod Lawler UK Championship
125[73] 8 December 2016   Ali Carter (2) 37 years, 136 days   Wang Yuchen German Masters (Q)
126[73] 8 December 2016   Ross Muir 21 years, 63 days   Itaro Santos German Masters (Q)
127[74] 10 January 2017   Mark Davis 44 years, 151 days   Neil Robertson Championship League [video 70]
128[75] 1 February 2017   Tom Ford (3) 33 years, 168 days   Peter Ebdon German MastersTV [video 71]
129[76] 2 March 2017   Mark Davis (2) 44 years, 202 days   John Higgins Championship League [video 72]
130[77] 30 March 2017   Judd Trump (3) 27 years, 222 days   Tian Pengfei China OpenTV [video 73]
131[78] 6 April 2017   Gary Wilson (2) 31 years, 238 days   Josh Boileau World Championship (Q)
132[79] 18 October 2017   Liang Wenbo (2) 30 years, 227 days   Tom Ford English OpenTV [video 74]
133[80] 31 October 2017   Kyren Wilson 25 years, 312 days   Martin Gould International Championship [video 75]
134[81] 12 December 2017   Cao Yupeng 27 years, 46 days   Andrew Higginson Scottish Open [video 76]
135[82] 26 January 2018   Martin Gould 36 years, 134 days   Li Hang Championship League [video 77]
136[83] 26 March 2018   Luca Brecel 23 years, 18 days   John Higgins Championship League [video 78]
137[84] 3 April 2018   Ronnie O'Sullivan (14) 42 years, 119 days   Elliot Slessor China OpenTV [video 79]
138[85] 4 April 2018   Stuart Bingham (4) 41 years, 318 days   Ricky Walden China Open [video 80]
139[86] 12 April 2018   Liang Wenbo (3) 31 years, 38 days   Rod Lawler World Championship (Q) [video 81]
140[87] 24 August 2018   Michael Georgiou 30 years, 218 days   Umut Dikme Paul Hunter Classic
141[88] 24 August 2018   Jamie Jones 30 years, 191 days   Lee Walker Paul Hunter Classic
142[89] 16 October 2018   Thepchaiya Un-Nooh (2) 33 years, 181 days   Soheil Vahedi English Open [video 82]
143[90] 17 October 2018   Ronnie O'Sullivan (15) 42 years, 316 days   Allan Taylor English OpenTV [video 83]
144[91] 8 November 2018   Mark Selby (3) 35 years, 120 days   Neil Robertson Champion of ChampionsTV [video 84]
145[92] 12 December 2018   John Higgins (9) 43 years, 208 days   Gerard Greene Scottish OpenTV [video 85]
146[93] 21 December 2018   Judd Trump (4) 29 years, 123 days   Lukas Kleckers German Masters (Q) [video 86]
147[94] 22 January 2019   David Gilbert (2) 37 years, 224 days   Stephen Maguire Championship League [video 87]
148[95] 12 February 2019   Neil Robertson (4) 37 years, 1 day   Jordan Brown Welsh OpenTV [video 88]
149[96] 14 February 2019   Noppon Saengkham 26 years, 214 days   Mark Selby Welsh OpenTV [video 89]
150[97] 28 February 2019   Zhou Yuelong 21 years, 35 days   Lyu Haotian Indian Open
151[98] 3 April 2019   Stuart Bingham (5) 42 years, 317 days   Peter Ebdon China OpenTV [video 90]
152[99] 17 June 2019   Tom Ford (4) 35 years, 304 days   Fraser Patrick International Championship (Q) [video 91]
153[100] 17 October 2019   Tom Ford (5) 36 years, 61 days   Shaun Murphy English Open [video 92]
Table legend
TV Televised
(Q) Qualifying rounds

StatisticsEdit

[23][24]

Total maximum breaksEdit

Multiple maximum breaks during a tournamentEdit

Table legend
TV Televised
(Q) Qualifying rounds

Tournaments with multiple maximum breaks
No. Tournament Player(s) Venue(s) Year
1 Matchroom League   John Parrott Jimmy White Snooker Lodge, Aldershot 1992
  Stephen Hendry Rhondda Sports Centre, Rhondda
2 British Open   Jason Prince (Q) Hazel Grove Snooker Club, Stockport 1999
(Spring)
  Graeme DottTV Plymouth Pavilions, Plymouth
3 Scottish Open   Stephen Maguire (Q) A.E.C.C, Aberdeen 2000
  Ronnie O'SullivanTV
4 Grand Prix   Jamie Burnett (Q) World Snooker Centre, Prestatyn 2007
  Tom Ford A.E.C.C, Aberdeen
5 World Snooker Championship   Ronnie O'SullivanTV Crucible Theatre, Sheffield 2008
  Ali CarterTV
6 Bahrain Championship   Liang Wenbo (Q) World Snooker Centre, Prestatyn 2008
  Marcus CampbellTV Bahrain International Exhibition Centre, Manama
7 Rhein–Main Masters   Thanawat Thirapongpaiboon Walter Kobel Sporthalle, Rüsselsheim 2010
  Mark Williams
8 Players Tour Championship 2011/2012 – Event 10   David Gray (Q) World Snooker Academy, Sheffield 2011
  Ricky Walden
9 FFB Snooker Open   Matthew Stevens World Snooker Academy, Sheffield 2011
  Ding Junhui
10 Players Tour Championship 2011/2012 – Event 11   Ding JunhuiTV English Institute of Sport, Sheffield 2011
  Jamie Cope
11 World Snooker Championship   Robert Milkins (Q) English Institute of Sport, Sheffield 2012
  Stephen HendryTV Crucible Theatre, Sheffield
12 UK Championship   Andy Hicks (Q) World Snooker Academy, Sheffield 2012
  Jack Lisowski (Q)
  John HigginsTV Barbican Centre, York
13 German Masters   Dechawat Poomjaeng (Q) Barnsley Metrodome, Barnsley 2013
  Gary Wilson (Q)
14 German Masters   Ali Carter (Q) Barnsley Metrodome, Barnsley 2016
  Ross Muir (Q)
  Tom FordTV Tempodrom, Berlin 2017
15 Championship League   Mark Davis Ricoh Arena, Coventry 2017
  Mark Davis
16 Championship League   Martin Gould Ricoh Arena, Coventry 2018
  Luca Brecel
17 China Open   Ronnie O'SullivanTV Olympic Sports Center Gymnasium, Beijing 2018
  Stuart Bingham
18 Paul Hunter Classic   Michael Georgiou Stadthalle Fürth, Fürth 2018
  Jamie Jones
19 English Open   Thepchaiya Un-Nooh K2 Leisure Centre, Crawley 2018
  Ronnie O'SullivanTV
20 Welsh Open   Neil RobertsonTV Motorpoint Arena, Cardiff 2019
  Noppon SaengkhamTV

Match-winning maximum breaksEdit

Tournament games are won when one of the players manages to win more than half of the scheduled frames. For example, if a match is scheduled to have a maximum of seven frames, a player wins the game when winning a fourth frame, regardless of how many frames the other player has.

Table legend
TV Televised
(Q) Qualifying rounds
(D) Deciding frame

Match-winning maximum breaks
No. Player Tournament Year Round
01[101]   Stephen Hendry Charity Challenge 1997 FinalTV (D)
02[102]   Mark Williams World Championship 2005 Last 32TV
03[103]   Ronnie O'Sullivan UK Championship 2007 Semi-finalTV (D)
04[104]   Ronnie O'Sullivan World Championship 2008 Last 16TV
05[105]   Barry Hawkins Players Tour Championship 2010/2011 – Event 3 2010 Last 32
06[106]   Ronnie O'Sullivan World Open 2010 Last 64TV (Q)
07[32]   Matthew Stevens Players Tour Championship 2011/2012 – Event 12 2011 Last 128
08[33]   Ding Junhui Players Tour Championship 2011/2012 – Event 11 2011 Last 128TV
09[42]   Andy Hicks UK Championship 2012 Last 80 (Q)
10[52]   Shaun Murphy European Tour 2013/2014 – Event 8 2014 Last 16
11[107]   Ronnie O'Sullivan Welsh Open 2014 FinalTV
12[55]   Ryan Day Asian Tour 2014/2015 – Event 2 2014 Last 32
13[57]   Ronnie O'Sullivan UK Championship 2014 Last 16TV
14[71]   John Higgins Northern Ireland Open 2016 Last 64TV
15[74]   Mark Davis Championship League 2017 Group Final (D)
16[76]   Mark Davis Championship League 2017 Winners' Group (D)
17[82]   Martin Gould Championship League 2018 Group 6 (D)
18[83]   Luca Brecel Championship League 2018 Group 7
19[90]   Ronnie O'Sullivan English Open 2018 Last 64TV
20[99]   Tom Ford International Championship (Q) 2019 Last 128 (Q)
21[100]   Tom Ford English Open 2019 Last 16

RecordsEdit

FirstsEdit

Multiple maximumsEdit

  • More than one official maximum break has been compiled in the same event on twenty occasions:
  • There have been at least five non-tournament matches where more than one maximum was compiled. Peter Ebdon compiled two maximum breaks during an 11-frame exhibition match at Eastbourne Police Club on 15 April 1996. In 2003 he also compiled two consecutive maximum breaks against Steve Davis in an exhibition match.[5][109] In 2009 Jimmy White and Ronnie O'Sullivan compiled consecutive maximum breaks at an exhibition match in Ireland.[119] Mark King and Joe Jogia achieved the same feat at the Grove Open later in the same year.[120] The only player known to compile more than two maximum breaks on a single occasion is Adrian Gunnell, who compiled three maximums in four frames at a club in Telford in 2003 while practising against Ian Duffy.[121][122]
  • Higgins and O'Sullivan are the only players to record maximum breaks in consecutive ranking events. Higgins made one during his defeat by Mark Williams in the LG Cup final, and then one in his second round match at the 2003 British Open.[123][124] O'Sullivan made one at the Northern Ireland Trophy and another at the UK Championship in 2007.[103][125] Since top 16 players were seeded through to the second round at the 2003 British Open, Higgins' maximums also came in consecutive ranking matches, albeit not in the same tournament.
  • Higgins' maximum breaks at the 2003 LG Cup and 2004 Grand Prix made him the first player to record maximums in the same tournament in successive years (the LG Cup being the sponsor's name for that year's Grand Prix). Since Higgins made the maximums in the 2003 final and the 2004 first round, he made maximums in successive rounds of the same tournament but not at the same event.[126] Stuart Bingham made maximum breaks in the China Open in both 2018 and 2019.

Final frames and matchesEdit

FastestEdit

  • Ronnie O'Sullivan's first 147 break against Mick Price in their second round tie at the 1997 world championship set a still-standing world record for the fastest maximum in the history of the game. Guinness World Records recorded the time of the break at 5 minutes and 20 seconds.[131] However, an investigation undertaken by Deadspin in 2017 revealed that the time recorded by Guinness is incorrect because the timer was started too early on the BBC footage.[132] Breaks are not officially timed in snooker and the official rules of snooker do not specify how they should be timed, instead leaving the timing to the discretion of the broadcaster.[13] The only timing methodology World Snooker sanctions in its events is the one employed in shot clock events where timing for a player's shot begins when the balls have come to rest from his opponent's previous shot. Under this convention the break would have been timed at 5 minutes and 15 seconds.[13] However, World Snooker has since suggested that a break starts when the player strikes the cueball for the first time in a break which would result in a time of 5 minutes and 8 seconds,[13] and this is the time that World Snooker now officially acknowledges.[133]

Youngest and oldestEdit

  • Sean Maddocks is recognised by Guinness World Records as the youngest player to make a maximum break in competition, which he achieved at the LiteTask Pro-Am series, in Leeds, UK, on 9 July 2017, at the age of 15 years and 90 days.[134][135] O'Sullivan previously held the record as the youngest player to achieve a maximum break in any recognised competition, a feat he achieved at the 1991 English Amateur Championship when he was 15 years and 98 days old.[136][137] However, despite being the official world record-holder, Maddocks may not actually be the youngest player to have made one; Judd Trump is on record as having compiled a 147 at the Potters Under-16 Tournament in 2004 at the age of 14 years and 206 days.[138] The youngest player to make an official 147 in professional competition is Thanawat Thirapongpaiboon at the 2010 Rhein–Main Masters at the age of 16 years and 312 days.[138] The youngest player to have made a televised 147 is Ding Junhui at the age of 19 years and 9 months in the 2007 Masters.[139][140]
  • The oldest player to make an official maximum in professional competition is Mark Davis, who compiled one in the 2017 Championship League at the age of 44.[74]

Prize moneyEdit

In professional tournaments there was usually a substantial prize awarded to any player achieving a 147 break. For example, Ronnie O'Sullivan's maximum at the 1997 World Championship earned him £165,000. Of this, £147,000 was for making the 147 break and £18,000 was for achieving the highest break of the tournament.[141] This was abolished, however, in the 2010/2011 season.[citation needed]

In the 2011/2012 season World Snooker introduced a roll-over system for the maximum break prize money, the "rolling 147 prize".[142] A maximum break is worth £5,000 in the televised stages and £500 in qualifying stages of major ranking events. There is a £500 prize in the Players Tour Championship events from the last 128 onwards.[143] If a maximum is not made then the prize rolls over to the next event until somebody wins it.[142]

At the 2016 Welsh Open, Ronnie O'Sullivan defeated Barry Pinches 4–1 in the first round. In the fifth frame of the match, O'Sullivan declined the opportunity to make a maximum break, potting the pink off the penultimate red and completing a break of 146. He stated afterward that the prize money of £10,000 was not worthy of a 147. World Snooker chairman Barry Hearn called the decision "unacceptable" and "disrespectful".[144]

Breaks exceeding 147Edit

A break higher than 147 can be achieved when an opponent fouls before any reds are potted, and leaves the incoming player snookered (blocked) on all 15 reds. The player can nominate one of the other colours as a red, known as a "free ball", which carries the same value as a red for just that shot. If the free ball is potted, the referee places this coloured ball back on its original location, de facto creating a setup as if there were 16 reds in total, thus creating a potential maximum break of 155 if a player starts from a free ball position.[145]

In October 2004, during qualifying for the UK Championship, Jamie Burnett became the only player to record a break of more than 147 in tournament play, when he scored 148 against Leo Fernandez. He took the brown as the free ball, then potted the brown again followed by the 15 reds with 12 blacks, two pinks and a blue, then the six colours.[19][5][146]

On a few occasions, breaks exceeding 147 have been reported in non-tournament settings:

  • A 151 is reported to have been compiled by Wally West against Butch Rogers in West London's Hounslow Luciana snooker club during a club match in 1976. After Rogers fouled, West took the green as his free ball followed by the brown. He then took 14 reds and blacks and a pink off the last red. He then cleared up to make the 151.[5][147][148]
  • In April 1988 Steve Duggan made a 148 in a practice frame against Mark Rowing in Doncaster.[5][149]
  • In 1993 Stephen Hendry made a 148 in a practice match against Alfie Burden.[5]
  • In 1995 Tony Drago made a 149 in practice against Nick Manning in West Norwood, London, that was recorded by the Guinness Book of Records as the highest in this category. In that match Drago nominated the brown as the free ball, to score one point. He then potted the brown again, for four more points, before potting the 15 reds with 13 blacks, a pink and a blue, then all the colours.[5][149]
  • In 1997 Eddie Manning achieved a 149 break in a practice match against Kam Pandya at Willie Thorne's Snooker Club in Leicester. Like Drago he took brown, brown, 13 blacks, pink and blue.[5]
  • In April 2003 Jamie Cope made a 151 break at The Reardon Snooker Club during a practice game with David Fomm-Ward. After a foul by his opponent, Cope was snookered behind the brown ball. He took the brown as the free ball and then potted the blue, 13 reds with blacks and two with pinks, then the six colours.[5]
  • In the middle of 2005, Jamie Cope made snooker's first 'highest possible' 155 break in a witnessed practice frame.[150]
  • In November 2010 Sam Harvey made a 151 break in a practice match against Kyren Wilson at his home club in Bedford. Harvey potted the brown as the free ball and then the black, 12 reds with blacks, two with pinks and one with blue, then the six colours.[5][151]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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VideosEdit

  1. ^ Steve Davis 147 1982 Lada Classic Snooker "First Televised 147" on YouTube
  2. ^ Cliff Thorburn, World Championship, 1983 on YouTube
  3. ^ Kirk Stevens, Masters, 1984 on YouTube
  4. ^ James Wattana, British Open, 1992 on YouTube
  5. ^ Jimmy White, World Championship 1992 on YouTube
  6. ^ Stephen Hendry, World Championship, 1995 on YouTube
  7. ^ Stephen Hendry, UK Championship, 1995 on YouTube
  8. ^ Stephen Hendry, Charity Challenge, 1997 on YouTube
  9. ^ Ronnie O'Sullivan, World Championship, 1997 on YouTube
  10. ^ Stephen Hendry, Premier League, 1998 on YouTube
  11. ^ Ronnie O'Sullivan, Welsh Open, 1999 on YouTube
  12. ^ Stephen Hendry, British Open, 1999 on YouTube
  13. ^ Ronnie O'Sullivan, Grand Prix, 1999 on YouTube
  14. ^ Stephen Hendry, UK Championship, 1999 on YouTube
  15. ^ John Higgins, Nations Cup, 2000 on YouTube
  16. ^ John Higgins, Irish Masters, 2000 on YouTube
  17. ^ Ronnie O'Sullivan, Scottish Open, 2000 on YouTube
  18. ^ Marco Fu, Scottish Masters, 2000 on YouTube
  19. ^ Stephen Hendry, Malta Grand Prix, 2001 on YouTube
  20. ^ Ronnie O'Sullivan, LG Cup, 2001 on YouTube
  21. ^ Ronnie O'Sullivan, World Championship, 2003 on YouTube
  22. ^ John Higgins, LG Cup, 2003 on YouTube
  23. ^ John Higgins, British Open, 2003 on YouTube
  24. ^ John Higgins, Grand Prix, 2004 on YouTube
  25. ^ Mark Williams, World Championship, 2005 on YouTube
  26. ^ Ding Junhui, Masters, 2007 on YouTube
  27. ^ Andrew Higginson, Welsh Open, 2007 on YouTube
  28. ^ Ronnie O'Sullivan, Northern Ireland Trophy, 2007 on YouTube
  29. ^ Ronnie O'Sullivan, UK Championship, 2007 on YouTube
  30. ^ Stephen Maguire, China Open, 2008 on YouTube
  31. ^ Ronnie O'Sullivan, World Championship, 2008 on YouTube
  32. ^ Ali Carter, World Championship, 2008 on YouTube
  33. ^ Jamie Cope, Shanghai Masters, 2008 on YouTube
  34. ^ Ding Junhui, UK Championship, 2008 on YouTube
  35. ^ Stephen Hendry, World Championship, 2009 on YouTube
  36. ^ Neil Robertson, China Open, 2010 on YouTube
  37. ^ Ronnie O'Sullivan, World Open, 2010 on YouTube
  38. ^ Mark Williams, Rhein-Main Masters, 2010 on YouTube
  39. ^ Stephen Hendry, Welsh Open, 2011 on YouTube
  40. ^ Ronnie O'Sullivan 147 Maximum Break @ PTC4 Paul Hunter Classic 26.08.2011 on YouTube
  41. ^ Ricky Walden, PTC Event 10, 2011 on YouTube
  42. ^ Ding Junhui, PTC Event 1, 2011 on YouTube
  43. ^ Marco Fu, World Open Qualifying, 2012 on YouTube
  44. ^ Robert Milkins, World Championship Qualifying, 2012 on YouTube
  45. ^ Stephen Hendry, World Championship, 2012 on YouTube
  46. ^ Stuart Bingham, Wuxi Classic, 2012 on YouTube
  47. ^ John Higgins, Shanghai Masters, 2012 on YouTube
  48. ^ Tom Ford, Bulgarian Open, 2012 on YouTube
  49. ^ John Higgins, UK Championship, 2012 on YouTube
  50. ^ Ding Junhui, PTC Finals, 2013 on YouTube
  51. ^ Neil Robertson, Wuxi Classic Qualifying, 2013 on YouTube
  52. ^ Mark Selby, UK Championship, 2013 on YouTube
  53. ^ Shaun Murphy, Championship League, 2014 on YouTube
  54. ^ Shaun Murphy, Gdynia Open, 2014 on YouTube
  55. ^ Ronnie O'Sullivan, Welsh Open, 2014 on YouTube
  56. ^ Ryan Day, Haining Open, 2014 on YouTube
  57. ^ Shaun Murphy 147 Break 2014 Ruhr Open Final on YouTube
  58. ^ Ronnie O'Sullivan, UK Championship, 2014 on YouTube
  59. ^ Barry Hawkins, Championship League, 2015 on YouTube
  60. ^ Marco Fu, Masters, 2015 on YouTube
  61. ^ Judd Trump, German Masters, 2015 on YouTube
  62. ^ David Gilbert, Championship League, 2015 on YouTube
  63. ^ Neil Robertson, UK Championship, 2015 on YouTube
  64. ^ Marco Fu, Gibraltar Open, 2015 on YouTube
  65. ^ Ding Junhui, Welsh Open, 2016 on YouTube
  66. ^ Fergal O'Brien, Championship League, 2016 on YouTube
  67. ^ Thepchaiya Un-Nooh, Paul Hunter Classic, 2016 on YouTube
  68. ^ Shaun Murphy, European Masters, 2016 on YouTube
  69. ^ John Higgins, Northern Ireland Open, 2016 on YouTube
  70. ^ 147 Maximum Break by Mark Davis v Neil Robertson | Champions League Snooker 2017 on YouTube
  71. ^ Tom Ford, German Masters, 2017 on YouTube
  72. ^ Snooker Champ League 2017 Final group Mark Davis 147 break on YouTube
  73. ^ Judd Trump, China Open, 2017 on YouTube
  74. ^ Liang Wenbo, English Open, 2017 on YouTube
  75. ^ Kyren Wilson, International Championship, 2017 on YouTube
  76. ^ Cao Yupeng, Scottish Open, 2017 on YouTube
  77. ^ Martin Gould 147 Vs Li Hang - Champions League 2018 on YouTube
  78. ^ Luca Brecel vs John Higgins Championship League 2018 (Group-7) on YouTube
  79. ^ Ronnie O'Sullivan, China Open, 2018 on YouTube
  80. ^ Stuart Bingham, China Open, 2018 on YouTube
  81. ^ Liang Wenbo, World Snooker Championship Qualifying, 2018 on YouTube
  82. ^ Thepchaiya Un-Nooh, English Open, 2018 on YouTube
  83. ^ Ronnie O'Sullivan Century Break #956 (147 Or Not?) on YouTube
  84. ^ Mark Selby 147 Maximum Vs Neil Robertson - Champion of Champions 2018 on YouTube
  85. ^ John Higgins Century Break 147 Point on YouTube
  86. ^ Judd Trump 147 Maximum Vs Lukas Kleckers - German Masters 2018 - Qualifiers on YouTube
  87. ^ David Gilbert (BREAK 147) vs Stephen Maguire Championship League 2019 on YouTube
  88. ^ "VIDEO - Watch Neil Robertson's brilliant maximum 147 break at the Welsh Open".
  89. ^ Noppon Saengkham 147 MAXIMUM Break vs Mark Selby Welsh Open 2019 on YouTube
  90. ^ Stuart Bingham Break 147 on YouTube
  91. ^ Tom Ford 147 International Championship 2019 Qualifiers on YouTube
  92. ^ Maximum! Tom Ford 147 vs Shaun Murphy English Open 2019 on YouTube