Cemile Sultan

Cemile Sultan (Ottoman Turkish: جمیله سلطان; 17 August 1843 – 26 February 1915) was an Ottoman princess, the daughter of Sultan Abdulmejid I and Düzdidil Kadın. She was the half sister of Sultans Murad V, Abdul Hamid II, Mehmed V, and Mehmed VI.

Cemile Sultan
Cemile Sultan.jpg
Born17 August 1843
Old Beylerbeyi Palace, Constantinople, Ottoman Empire
(now Istanbul, Turkey)
Died26 February 1915(1915-02-26) (aged 71)
Erenköy Palace, Istanbul, Ottoman Empire
Burial
Spouse
Mahmud Celaleddin Pasha
(m. 1858; died 1884)
Issue
  • Sultanzade Besim Bey
  • Fethiye Hanımsultan
  • Sultanzade Mehmed Celaleddin Bey
  • Sultanzade Mehmed Sakıb Bey
  • Ayşe Sıdıka Hanımsultan
  • Fatma Hanımsultan
DynastyOttoman
FatherAbdulmejid I
MotherDüzdidil Kadın
ReligionSunni Islam

Early lifeEdit

Cemile Sultan was born on 17 August 1843 in the Old Beylerbeyi Palace.[1][2] Her father was Sultan Abdulmejid I, and her mother was Düzdidil Kadın. She was the ninth daughter and eleventh child of her father and fourth child of her mother. She had three elder sisters, Mevhibe Sultan three years elder then her,[3] twin elder sisters Neyyire Sultan and Münire Sultan, two years elder then her,[4] and a younger sister Samiye Sultan.[5]

In 1845, Düzdidil Kadın, died leaving Cemile Sultan motherless at the age of two. Abdulmejid took her to another of his wives, Perestu Kadın, and entrusted her into the lady's care. She grew up together with her half brother Abdul Hamid II, who was also adopted by Perestu, in the same household and spend their childhoods with one another.[6]

In accordance with the custom, Cemile Sultan began to take lessons in the Quran in 1847, together with her half-sisters Fatma Sultan, and Refia Sultan, and brothers Murad and Abdul Hamid.[7]

MarriageEdit

In 1854, at the age of eleven, Abdulmejid betrothed her to Mahmud Celaleddin Pasha, the son of the Imperial son-in-law, Damat Ahmed Fethi Pasha,[8] and his first wife Ayşe Şemsinur Hanım. Fethi Pasha had himself been married to Cemile's aunt, Atiye Sultan. The wedding took place on 17 May 1858, and was consummated on 11 June 1858. The couple were given a palace at Findiklı as their residence.[9] At her marriage, her mother-in-law presented Nazikeda Kadın, who would later become first wife of Sultan Abdul Hamid II to her.[10]

The two together had six children, three sons, Sultanzade Besim Bey, Sultanzade Mehmed Celaleddin Bey, Sultanzade Mehmed Sakıb Bey, and three daughters, Fethiye Hanımsultan, Fatma Hanımsultan, and Ayşe Sıdıka Hanımsultan.[11][12][13]

The couple supported Abdul Hamid's accession to the throne in 1876.[14] In 1877, the two of them used every incident to stir the sultan against the then grand vizier Midhat Pasha, in particular his attachment to the Young Ottomans, attributing all their statements to his influence. Finally, holding Midhat responsible for the failure of the conference, Abdul Hanid decided to send him on an extended trip to Europe. Midhat was removed from the office of grand vizierate and was replaced by Ibrahim Edhem Pasha.[15] Abdul Hamid's mistrust of Mahmud Celaleddin Pasha led to the latter's exile to Arabia in 1881, where he was strangled in 1884. Princess Cemile withdrew from society for some twenty years, afterwards reconciling with her brother and paying calls again at the palace.[14]

DeathEdit

Cemile Sultan died at Erenköy, Istanbul on 26 February 1915 at the age of seventy one, and was buried in the mausoleum of her father, Sultan Abdulmejid.[16][17]

PersonalityEdit

On ceremonial occasions Cemile Sultan took precedence as she was the eldest, and always took her place at Abdul Hamid's right. A large armchair was reserved for her on the right-hand side, where she took a seat. In processions she walked at the side of Perestu Kadın, ahead of everyone else.[8]

She always wore brown-colored dresses and on her head a hotoz of the same color, fashioned of lace or tulle. She dressed in the Turkish style, with a long train fastened to her waist. Since the sumptuous fabrics she wore were always various shades of brown, this color served as something of a hallmark for her. She wore no jewels whatsoever. Despite this simplicity, her imperial bearing amply conveyed her rank of princess.[8]

Those in a position to know said that she looked just like her father, and indeed from the photographs the eyes and the features are the same. Everyone in the palace felt great respect and fondness for Princess Cemile, holding her in affectionate system. She spoke so graciously and intelligently, not laughing when it was not called for, and exhibiting toward everyone the appropriate conduct due him or her.[8]

HonoursEdit

Styles of
Cemile Sultan
 
Reference styleHer Imperial Highness
Spoken styleYour Imperial Highness

IssueEdit

Name Birth Death Notes
Sultanzade Besim Bey 1860 1862[19] died at the age of two,[12] and buried in Üsküdar;[19]
Fethiye Hanımsultan 22 March 1887[11][20] married in 1887 to Colonel Hayri Bey;[21] died two months into marriage,[22] and buried in Fatih Mosque, Istanbul;[20]
Sultanzade Mehmed Celaleddin Bey[23] December 1865[24] 1916[25] married firstly to Visalinur Hanım,[26] a Circassian,[13] and had one son Ziyaeddin Bey and one daughter Mevhibe Hanım,[27] married secondly to Hayriye Hanım (died 1934), and had one daughter Münire Hanım;[25][26]
Sultanzade Mehmed Sakıb Bey[13] 1870[28] 1896[25] married firstly to Vicdan Hanım (died 1938) and had one daughter Şehime Hanım (died 1914–1915), married secondly to Dilbeşte Hanım and had one daughter Emine Hanım (died September 1926);[25]
Ayşe Sıdıka Hanımsultan[29] 20 September 1875[24] 1938[30] married firstly on 29 January 1891 with a dowry of 250,001 kuruş to Hacı Beyefendi, son of Chief of Staff, Ferik Edhem Pasha,[31] married secondly in 1900[32] to Fuad Ürfi Pasha, son of Ottoman ambassador to Austria, Ali Pasha,[33] and had two daughters, Kerime Hanım and Naime Hanım; died in exile in Nice, France,[34] buried in Bobigny cemetery[30]
Fatma Hanımsultan c. 1880[35] 1891[25] had tuberculosis, and during this time Nazikeda Kadın, became her closest companion until she married the then Prince Vahideddin (future Sultan Mehmed VI);[36]

In popular cultureEdit

AncestryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Uluçay 2011, p. 221.
  2. ^ Sakaoğlu 2008, p. 618.
  3. ^ Uluçay 2011, p. 217.
  4. ^ Uluçay 2011, p. 220.
  5. ^ Uluçay 2011, p. 225.
  6. ^ Brookes 2010, p. 134.
  7. ^ Kolay, Arif (2017). Osmanlı Saray Hayatından Bir Kesit: Ali Akyıldız ve Mümin ve Müsrif Bir Padişah Kızı Refia Sultan. p. 681.
  8. ^ a b c d Brookes 2010, p. 142.
  9. ^ Sakaoğlu 2008, p. 619.
  10. ^ Brookes 2010, p. 286.
  11. ^ a b Bardakçı, Murat (2008). Son Osmanlılar: Osmanlı hanedanı'nın sürgün ve miras öyküsü. İnkılâp. p. 283. ISBN 978-9-751-02616-3.
  12. ^ a b Princess Mevhibe Celâlettin (1987). Geçmiş zaman olur ki ...: Prenses Mevhibe Celalettin'in anıları. Çağdaş Yayınları. p. 10.
  13. ^ a b c Basarir, Ozlem; Başkan, Yahya (2020). Bir XIX. Yüzyıl Hanedan Seçkini Hanesinde İtibar, Mahremiyet, Töhmet: Kethüdası Cemile Sultan'a Karşı, Sabit Duman Armağanı. Son Çağ Akademi. pp. 199–225.
  14. ^ a b Brookes 2010, p. 279.
  15. ^ Shaw, Stanford J.; Shaw, Ezel Kural (1977). History of the Ottoman Empire and Modern Turkey: Volume 2, Reform, Revolution, and Republic: The Rise of Modern Turkey 1808-1975. ACLS Humanities E-Book. Cambridge University Press. p. 180. ISBN 978-0-521-29166-8.
  16. ^ Uluçay 2011, p. 224.
  17. ^ Sakaoğlu 2008, p. 622.
  18. ^ a b c d Yılmaz Öztuna (1978). Başlangıcından zamanımıza kadar büyük Türkiye tarihi: Türkiye'nin siyasî, medenî, kültür, teşkilât ve san'at tarihi. Ötüken Yayınevi. p. 165.
  19. ^ a b Kurşun, Zekeriya (2005). Üsküdar sempozyumu II: 12-13 Mart, 2004 : bildiriler. Üsküdar Belediye Başkanlığı. Üsküdar Belediyesi. p. 403. ISBN 978-975-92019-5-1.
  20. ^ a b Bey, M.S.; محمد, ثريا،; Aktan, A. (1995). سجل عثماني ياخود تذكرۀ مشاهير عثمانيه. Sebil yayınları. Sebil Yayınevi. p. 61. ISBN 978-975-7480-83-9.
  21. ^ Sakaoğlu 2008, p. 453.
  22. ^ Ertuğrul, Sara (1953). Cec̣miṣ zaman olur ki...anlatan Mevhibe Celalettin. M. Siralar Matbaasi. p. 15.
  23. ^ Tugay, Asaf (1963). Saray dedikodulari ve bazi mâruzat [yazan] Asaf Tugay. Ersa Matbaacilik. p. 20.
  24. ^ a b Reşad, Ekrem; Osman, Ferid (1912). Musavver nevsâl-i Osmanî. pp. 77, 79.
  25. ^ a b c d e Bardakçı, Murat (1991). Son Osmanlılar: Osmanlı hanedanının sürgün ve miras öyküsü. Gri Yayın. p. 165.
  26. ^ a b Atsoy, M. Celâlettin (1982). Kandilli'de tarih. Türkiye Turing ve Otomobil Kurumu. p. 82.
  27. ^ Bey, Mehmet Süreyya (1969). Osmanlı devletinde kim kimdi, Volume 1. Küğ Yayını. pp. 220, 204.
  28. ^ Bey, Mehmet Süreyya (1969). Osmanlı devletinde kim kimdi. Küğ yayını. Küğ Yayını. p. 261.
  29. ^ Osmanoğlu, Ayşe (1960). Babam Abdülhamid. Güven Yayınevi. p. 65.
  30. ^ a b Ekinci, Ekrem Buğra (31 March 2017). Sultan Abdülhamid'in Son Zevcesi. Timaş Tarih. p. 82. ISBN 978-6-050-82503-9.
  31. ^ Sunay, Serap (1 December 2017). "Sûr-ı Hümayun Defterine Göre 19, Yüzyıl Saray Düğünlerine Dair Bir Değerlendirme". Balıkesir Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi. 20 (38): 327–342. doi:10.31795/baunsobed.645121. Retrieved 10 March 2022.
  32. ^ Sakaoğlu 2008, p. 621.
  33. ^ Mehmet Süreyya Bey (1969). Osmanlı devletinde kim kimdi. Küğ Yayını. p. 134.
  34. ^ Vâsıb, Ali (2004). Bir Şehzadenin hâtırâtı: vatan ve menfâda gördüklerim ve işittiklerim. YKY. pp. 165, 178, 204. ISBN 978-9-750-80878-4.
  35. ^ Açba, Leyla (2004). Bir Çerkes prensesinin harem hatıraları. L & M. p. 67. ISBN 978-9-756-49131-7.
  36. ^ Bardakçı, Murat (2017). Neslishah: The Last Ottoman Princess. Oxford University Press. p. 8. ISBN 978-9-774-16837-6.
  37. ^ "Payitaht Abdülhamid'in Cemile Sultan'ı Devrim Yakut kimdir?". Milliyet. 20 September 2019. Retrieved 2 July 2020.

SourcesEdit

  • Brookes, Douglas Scott (2010). The Concubine, the Princess, and the Teacher: Voices from the Ottoman Harem. University of Texas Press. ISBN 978-0-292-78335-5.
  • Sakaoğlu, Necdet (2008). Bu mülkün kadın sultanları: Vâlide sultanlar, hâtunlar, hasekiler, kadınefendiler, sultanefendiler. Oğlak Yayıncılık. ISBN 978-9-753-29623-6.
  • Uluçay, Mustafa Çağatay (2011). Padişahların kadınları ve kızları. Ankara: Ötüken. ISBN 978-9-754-37840-5.