Cemile Sultan (Ottoman Turkish: جمیله سلطان; 17 August 1843 – 26 February 1915) was an Ottoman princess, the daughter of Sultan Abdulmejid I and Düzdidil Kadın. She was the half sister of Sultans Murad V, Abdul Hamid II, Mehmed V, and Mehmed VI.
|Born||17 August 1843|
Old Beylerbeyi Palace, Constantinople, Ottoman Empire
(now Istanbul, Turkey)
|Died||26 February 1915 (aged 71)|
Erenköy Palace, Istanbul, Ottoman Empire
Yavuz Selim Mosque, Istanbul
Mahmud Celaleddin Pasha
(m. 1858; died 1884)
Cemile Sultan was born on 17 August 1843 in the Old Beylerbeyi Palace. Her father was Sultan Abdulmejid I, and her mother was Düzdidil Kadın. She was the ninth daughter and eleventh child of her father and fourth child of her mother. She had three elder sisters, Mevhibe Sultan three years elder then her, twin elder sisters Neyyire Sultan and Münire Sultan, two years elder then her, and a younger sister Samiye Sultan.
In 1845, Düzdidil Kadın, died leaving Cemile Sultan motherless at the age of two. Abdulmejid took her to another of his wives, Perestu Kadın, and entrusted her into the lady's care. She grew up together with her half brother Abdul Hamid II, who was also adopted by Perestu, in the same household and spend their childhoods with one another.
In 1854, at the age of eleven, Abdulmejid betrothed her to Mahmud Celaleddin Pasha, the son of the Imperial son-in-law, Damat Ahmed Fethi Pasha, and his first wife Ayşe Şemsinur Hanım. Fethi Pasha had himself been married to Cemile's aunt, Atiye Sultan. The wedding took place on 17 May 1858, and was consummated on 11 June 1858. The couple were given a palace at Findiklı as their residence. At her marriage, her mother-in-law presented Nazikeda Kadın, who would later become first wife of Sultan Abdul Hamid II to her.
The two together had six children, three sons, Sultanzade Besim Bey, Sultanzade Mehmed Celaleddin Bey, Sultanzade Mehmed Sakıb Bey, and three daughters, Fethiye Hanımsultan, Fatma Hanımsultan, and Ayşe Sıdıka Hanımsultan.
The couple supported Abdul Hamid's accession to the throne in 1876. In 1877, the two of them used every incident to stir the sultan against the then grand vizier Midhat Pasha, in particular his attachment to the Young Ottomans, attributing all their statements to his influence. Finally, holding Midhat responsible for the failure of the conference, Abdul Hanid decided to send him on an extended trip to Europe. Midhat was removed from the office of grand vizierate and was replaced by Ibrahim Edhem Pasha. Abdul Hamid's mistrust of Mahmud Celaleddin Pasha led to the latter's exile to Arabia in 1881, where he was strangled in 1884. Princess Cemile withdrew from society for some twenty years, afterwards reconciling with her brother and paying calls again at the palace.
On ceremonial occasions Cemile Sultan took precedence as she was the eldest, and always took her place at Abdul Hamid's right. A large armchair was reserved for her on the right-hand side, where she took a seat. In processions she walked at the side of Perestu Kadın, ahead of everyone else.
She always wore brown-colored dresses and on her head a hotoz of the same color, fashioned of lace or tulle. She dressed in the Turkish style, with a long train fastened to her waist. Since the sumptuous fabrics she wore were always various shades of brown, this color served as something of a hallmark for her. She wore no jewels whatsoever. Despite this simplicity, her imperial bearing amply conveyed her rank of princess.
Those in a position to know said that she looked just like her father, and indeed from the photographs the eyes and the features are the same. Everyone in the palace felt great respect and fondness for Princess Cemile, holding her in affectionate system. She spoke so graciously and intelligently, not laughing when it was not called for, and exhibiting toward everyone the appropriate conduct due him or her.
|Reference style||Her Imperial Highness|
|Spoken style||Your Imperial Highness|
|Sultanzade Besim Bey||1860||1862||died at the age of two, and buried in Üsküdar;|
|Fethiye Hanımsultan||—||22 March 1887||married in 1887 to Colonel Hayri Bey; died two months into marriage, and buried in Fatih Mosque, Istanbul;|
|Sultanzade Mehmed Celaleddin Bey||December 1865||1916||married firstly to Visalinur Hanım, a Circassian, and had one son Ziyaeddin Bey and one daughter Mevhibe Hanım, married secondly to Hayriye Hanım (died 1934), and had one daughter Münire Hanım;|
|Sultanzade Mehmed Sakıb Bey||1870||1896||married firstly to Vicdan Hanım (died 1938) and had one daughter Şehime Hanım (died 1914–1915), married secondly to Dilbeşte Hanım and had one daughter Emine Hanım (died September 1926);|
|Ayşe Sıdıka Hanımsultan||20 September 1875||1938||married firstly on 29 January 1891 with a dowry of 250,001 kuruş to Hacı Beyefendi, son of Chief of Staff, Ferik Edhem Pasha, married secondly in 1900 to Fuad Ürfi Pasha, son of Ottoman ambassador to Austria, Ali Pasha, and had two daughters, Kerime Hanım and Naime Hanım; died in exile in Nice, France, buried in Bobigny cemetery|
|Fatma Hanımsultan||c. 1880||1891||had tuberculosis, and during this time Nazikeda Kadın, became her closest companion until she married the then Prince Vahideddin (future Sultan Mehmed VI);|
In popular cultureEdit
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- Sunay, Serap (1 December 2017). "Sûr-ı Hümayun Defterine Göre 19, Yüzyıl Saray Düğünlerine Dair Bir Değerlendirme". Balıkesir Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi. 20 (38): 327–342. doi:10.31795/baunsobed.645121. Retrieved 10 March 2022.
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- Brookes, Douglas Scott (2010). The Concubine, the Princess, and the Teacher: Voices from the Ottoman Harem. University of Texas Press. ISBN 978-0-292-78335-5.
- Sakaoğlu, Necdet (2008). Bu mülkün kadın sultanları: Vâlide sultanlar, hâtunlar, hasekiler, kadınefendiler, sultanefendiler. Oğlak Yayıncılık. ISBN 978-9-753-29623-6.
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