Cavaillon

Cavaillon (French pronunciation: ​[kavajɔ̃]; Provençal: Cavalhon) is a commune in the Vaucluse department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region of Southeastern France.[2] It is situated in the Durance Valley, at the foot of the Luberon mountains. In 2016, it had a population of 26,985.

Cavaillon
A view of Cavaillon
A view of Cavaillon
Coat of arms of Cavaillon
Coat of arms
Location of Cavaillon
Cavaillon is located in France
Cavaillon
Cavaillon
Cavaillon is located in Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
Cavaillon
Cavaillon
Coordinates: 43°50′15″N 5°02′17″E / 43.8375°N 5.0381°E / 43.8375; 5.0381Coordinates: 43°50′15″N 5°02′17″E / 43.8375°N 5.0381°E / 43.8375; 5.0381
CountryFrance
RegionProvence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
DepartmentVaucluse
ArrondissementApt
CantonCavaillon
IntercommunalityProvence Luberon Durance
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Gérard Daudet
Area
1
45.96 km2 (17.75 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2018)[1]
26,198
 • Density570/km2 (1,500/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
84035 /84300
Elevation49–200 m (161–656 ft)
(avg. 75 m or 246 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

HistoryEdit

Cavaillon was already a city in the Gallo-Roman period, and has several minor relics from that era, including a 1st century triumphal arch.[3] It was the seat of the bishops of Cavaillon from the 4th century[4] until the French Revolution.[5] Saint Veran was bishop here in the 6th century. In the Middle Ages it was part of the Comtat Venaissin.[5]

GeographyEdit

Cavaillon is part of the Regional and Natural Park of Luberon (parc naturel régional du Luberon) in the French Department of Vaucluse.

The Calavon, a tributary of the Durance locally called Coulon, flows westward through the middle of the commune.

The Durance forms the commune's south-western border.

PopulationEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1793 5,193—    
1800 5,192−0.00%
1806 5,750+1.72%
1821 6,360+0.67%
1831 6,911+0.83%
1836 7,041+0.37%
1841 7,195+0.43%
1846 7,428+0.64%
1851 7,405−0.06%
1856 7,431+0.07%
1861 7,779+0.92%
1866 8,034+0.65%
1872 8,034+0.00%
1876 8,454+1.28%
1881 8,591+0.32%
1886 9,144+1.26%
1891 9,077−0.15%
1896 9,405+0.71%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901 9,850+0.93%
1906 9,952+0.21%
1911 9,416−1.10%
1921 8,991−0.46%
1926 10,451+3.06%
1931 11,743+2.36%
1936 12,522+1.29%
1946 13,804+0.98%
1954 14,831+0.90%
1962 17,058+1.76%
1968 18,544+1.40%
1975 21,259+1.97%
1982 20,615−0.44%
1990 23,102+1.43%
1999 24,563+0.68%
2007 25,596+0.52%
2012 25,289−0.24%
2017 26,641+1.05%
Source: EHESS[6] and INSEE (1968-2017)[7]

EconomyEdit

Cavaillon is famous for its melons.[5]

Famous peopleEdit

SightsEdit

Twin townsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2018". INSEE. 28 December 2020.
  2. ^ Commune de Cavaillon (84035), INSEE
  3. ^ a b Base Mérimée: Arc antique, Ministère français de la Culture. (in French)
  4. ^ a b Base Mérimée: Cathédrale Notre-Dame et Saint-Véran actuellement église paroissiale Saint-Véran, Ministère français de la Culture. (in French)
  5. ^ a b c ‹See Tfd›Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Cavaillon" . Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
  6. ^ Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Cavaillon, EHESS. (in French)
  7. ^ Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE

External linksEdit