Cassano delle Murge

Cassano delle Murge (Barese: Casséne) is a town and comune in the Metropolitan City of Bari, Apulia, southern Italy.

Cassano delle Murge
Comune di Cassano delle Murge
Convent of Maria SS.ma degli Angeli.
Convent of Maria SS.ma degli Angeli.
Coat of arms of Cassano
Location of Cassano delle Murge
Cassano delle Murge is located in Italy
Cassano delle Murge
Cassano delle Murge
Location of Cassano delle Murge in Italy
Cassano delle Murge is located in Apulia
Cassano delle Murge
Cassano delle Murge
Cassano delle Murge (Apulia)
Coordinates: 40°53′N 16°46′E / 40.883°N 16.767°E / 40.883; 16.767
CountryItaly
Region Apulia
Metropolitan cityBari (BA)
Government
 • MayorMariapia Di Medio
Area
 • Total89 km2 (34 sq mi)
Elevation
341 m (1,119 ft)
Population
 (31 December 2008)[3]
 • Total13,260
 • Density150/km2 (390/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Cassanesi
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
70020
Dialing code080
Patron saintMaria SS. degli Angeli
Saint day2 August
WebsiteOfficial website

Origins of the nameEdit

It probably derives from the Latin name Cassius with the addition of the suffix -anus.

According to others, the name refers to the ancient worship for Janus to whom a small temple was dedicated, that is Jani's house. From this derives the toponym of the town "Casa Jani"

Actually this derivation, proposed by the historian Nicola Alessandrelli, is rather doubtful, as "house" in Latin corresponds to domus.

An alternative hypothesis is that the name derives from the Cassia gens.

In the high imperial age the whole Puglia was object of centuriation by the Romans, so it could be Cassianum, that is property of the Cassia family.

From archeological excavations carried out, it seems that the cardo maximus (Via Sanges-Via Cavour axis) and the Decumanus Maximus (Via Gentile-Via Magg. Turitto axis) intersected in the current Piazzetta delle Quattro Colonne.

Moreover, Cassano, stands on a link road between the Traiana way and the Appian Way and it seems that the town was a rest station and a Camino dei cavalli.

Recently, a Romanic mosaic was discovered under the pavement of Miani Palace, which would prove the existence of a Roman villa, in compliance with the custom of building the most important buildings near the most important crossroads.

In Italy there are seven towns called Cassano, so in 1862 "delle Murge" was added to distinguish it from the others.

The specification refers to the well-known Apulian plateau.

 
Cassano delle Murge

HistoryEdit

Prehistoric AgeEdit

Hundreds of stone artifacts, paintings, various objects found in the caves around the town tell us about prehistoric settlements.

The recent discovery of a menhir, dating back to 2500–2000 BC., confirms the antiquity of the human presence in these districts.

Roman AgeEdit

The origins of Cassano seem to date back to the Roman Age, as confirmed by many archaeological finding, such as the recent discovery of a precious 5th century mosaic floor.

Also in late antiquity, in a point of the territory called "Lake of Battaglia" a clash relating to the Greek-Gothic War took place between the army of the Byzantine Empire and the troops of the Gothic Totila, during which it would have distinguished itself, for courage, a Cassanese woman dressed as a warrior, distinguished herself, for courage and heroism.

To worship her memory, her companions erected a monument to her with a pile of stones, still known today as "Specchia di femina morta".

Due to the typical karstic conformation of the area, there are a lot of grottos. The biggest is located about 3 Km from the urban built up area, the grotto called "di Cristo", was discovered in the 17th century. Two kilometers to the east we find the grave of "Pasciullo", 180 meters deep and still to be explored. Three kilometers to the south-east, a source called "Pozzo di Conetto" gushes.

Historical investigations have ascertained the existence of a temple dedicated to Janus in the place where the church of SS. Crucifix is.

Physical geographyEdit

WeatherEdit

The weather of Cassano delle Murge is a cool Mediterranean one, with not very cold winters and hot and dry summers. Rainfall is around 700 mm / year, therefore generally abundant in winter, autumn and spring and rare in summer, from July to September, although there are also thunderstorms in the afternoon. Snow falls almost exclusively in January and February, during the cold air waves from the Balkans or from the North Europe. In winter the prevailing wind is the sirocco or libeccio.

Monuments and Places of interestEdit

Religious architecturesEdit

  • Convento di Maria Santissima degli Angeli
  • Chiesa di Santa Maria Assunta (chiesa matrice – sede parrocchiale)
  • Chiesa della Madonna delle Grazie (sede parrocchiale)
  • Chiesa del Santissimo Crocifisso
  • Chiesa di San Giuseppe
  • Chiesa di San Nicola
  • Chiesa di San Rocco
  • Cappella dell'Immacolata
  • Cappella della Madonna di Costantinopoli

Civil architecturesEdit

  • Miani Palace

SocietyEdit

Demographic evolutionEdit

Inhabitants registered by Istituto Nazionale di Statistica.[4]

Ethnicities and foreign minoritiesEdit

The foreigners living in Cassano delle Murge are 553. In 2013, the most numerous groups were:[5]

CultureEdit

CinemaEdit

Cassano delle Murge has been transformed into a film set on several occasion.

Between 1930 and 1931, the milanese director Mauri made one of the last silent movies of the Italian cinema, but one of the first silent movies turned in Apulia. Idillio infranto – Film folkloristico pugliese, this title had the female Mantovani protagonist Mantovani and a cast amateur actors, with Michele Silecchia and Filippo Ilbello. Shootings were carried out by the photographer Perugini and some scenes were filmed in the countryside of the Murgia, near Cassano delle Murge. The movie, in black and white, lasts 53 minutes.

Another movie is Three brothers (1981), a film by Francesco Rosi with Michele Placido, Philippe Noiret, Vittorio Mezzogiorno, Charles Vanel.

In 2004 the Apulian director Sergio Rubini filmed Love Returns, with Margherita Buy and Mariangela Melato.

ArtEdit

In 2016 the Apulia Land art Festival was held by Massimo Nardi. Over 20 countries in the world, took part, almost 100 artists asked to take part, and 11 of them were invited for the final competition. Embassies of every culture, the artists of the recent edition of ALAF were characterized by extremely different, heterogeneous and, at the same time, complementary curricula. Harvard, Cambridge, University College of London, IED, Academy of Bulgaria and many others, are the institutions represented, making a urbi et orbi of art in the silvanico Bosco di Mesola, which, as expected by the festival's statements, becomes, for a week, one of the protagonists of the Italian contemporary art scenes.

EconomyEdit

HandicraftEdit

Among the most traditional and renowned activities there are handicrafts, which are distinguished by the production of wicker and Juncus, used for the creation of furniture.[6]

List of mayorsEdit

Below there is a table relating to the successive administrations in this town.

Period Office holder Party Title Notes
12 maggio 1986 14 luglio 1990 Armando Giorgio Democrazia Cristiana Sindaco [7]
14 luglio 1990 25 settembre 1991 Paolo Nuzzaco Democrazia Cristiana Sindaco [7]
26 ottobre 1991 24 aprile 1995 Giuseppe Leporale Partito Repubblicano Italiano Sindaco [7]
24 aprile 1995 14 giugno 1999 Giuseppe Antonio Leporale Centro-sinistra Sindaco [7]
14 giugno 1999 14 giugno 2004 Giuseppe Gentile Centro-sinistra Sindaco [7]
14 giugno 2004 8 giugno 2009 Giuseppe Gentile Lista civica Sindaco [7]
9 giugno 2009 26 maggio 2014 Maria Pia Di Medio Lista civica Sindaco [7]
26 maggio 2014 7 dicembre 2016 Vito Domenico Lionetti Lista civica Rinascita verso nuovi orizzonti Sindaco [7]
9 dicembre 2016 12 giugno 2017 Francesco Antonio Cappetta - Commissario prefettizio [7][8]
12 giugno 2017 in carica Maria Pia Di Medio Lista civica X te Sindaco [7][9]

SportEdit

  • ASD Atletico Cassano – Futsal amateur football club, member of the serie A2 championship.
  • ASD Volley Cassano – Amateur volleyball club member of the youth sector and of the serie D championship.
  • ASD Cassano skating – Amateur roller skating society that annually participates in regional and national championships.

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Italian National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. ^ "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Italian National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  3. ^ Population from Istat
  4. ^ "Statistiche I.Stat". Istituto Nazionale di Statistica. Retrieved 28 December 2012.
  5. ^ "Bilancio Demografico e popolazione residente straniera al 31 dicembre 2013 per sesso e cittadinanza". Istituto Nazionale di Statistica.
  6. ^ Atlante cartografico dell'artigianato. 3. Roma: A.C.I. 1985. p. 11.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j http://amministratori.interno.it/
  8. ^ http://www.cassanoweb.it/politica/26873-nominato-il-commissario-prefettizio-del-comune-di-cassano.html
  9. ^ http://www.cassanoweb.it/politica/27271-maria-pia-di-medio-vince-e-torna-ad-essere-sindaco-di-cassano.html