Carmaux

Carmaux is a commune in the Tarn department in southern France.[2]

Carmaux
Carmaux-centre.jpg
Coat of arms of Carmaux
Coat of arms
Location of Carmaux
Carmaux is located in France
Carmaux
Carmaux
Carmaux is located in Occitanie
Carmaux
Carmaux
Coordinates: 44°03′00″N 2°09′32″E / 44.05°N 2.1589°E / 44.05; 2.1589Coordinates: 44°03′00″N 2°09′32″E / 44.05°N 2.1589°E / 44.05; 2.1589
CountryFrance
RegionOccitanie
DepartmentTarn
ArrondissementAlbi
CantonCarmaux-1 Le Ségala and Carmaux-2 Vallée du Cérou
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Jean-Louis Bousquet
Area
1
14.16 km2 (5.47 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2018)[1]
9,641
 • Density680/km2 (1,800/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
81060 /81400
Elevation228–340 m (748–1,115 ft)
(avg. 235 m or 771 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

IndustriesEdit

The Compagnie minière de Carmaux has its origins in a coal mining concession granted in 1852 to Gabriel de Solages, which became the Compagnie minière de Carmaux. He also founded a glass bottle factory, fueled by the coal.[3] Carmaux was famous for its industries of coal mining (from the thirteenth century to 2000) and its glassworks (from the eighteenth century to 1931).

GeographyEdit

The Cérou flows northwestward through the commune and crosses the town.

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1793 849—    
1800 1,040+2.94%
1806 1,518+6.51%
1821 1,440−0.35%
1831 1,765+2.06%
1836 1,881+1.28%
1841 2,143+2.64%
1846 2,520+3.29%
1851 2,678+1.22%
1856 3,743+6.93%
1861 4,043+1.55%
1866 4,758+3.31%
1872 5,010+0.86%
1876 6,160+5.30%
1881 6,905+2.31%
1886 8,059+3.14%
1891 9,591+3.54%
1896 10,068+0.98%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901 10,956+1.70%
1906 10,894−0.11%
1911 11,064+0.31%
1921 11,273+0.19%
1926 11,607+0.59%
1931 11,129−0.84%
1936 10,448−1.25%
1946 11,136+0.64%
1954 11,485+0.39%
1962 14,565+3.01%
1968 14,755+0.22%
1975 13,208−1.57%
1982 12,113−1.23%
1990 10,957−1.25%
1999 10,231−0.76%
2007 10,268+0.05%
2012 9,774−0.98%
2017 9,500−0.57%
Source: EHESS[4] and INSEE (1968-2017)[5]

Famous residentsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2018". INSEE. 28 December 2020.
  2. ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Carmaux" . Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
  3. ^ Monnié, A. (1929), "Le bassin houiller de Carmaux-Albi" (PDF), Annales de Géographie (in French), 38 (216): 581, doi:10.3406/geo.1929.9935, retrieved 2017-07-23[permanent dead link]
  4. ^ Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Carmaux, EHESS. (in French)
  5. ^ Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE

External linksEdit