Cape Feare

"Cape Feare" is the second episode in the fifth season of the American animated television series The Simpsons. It originally aired on the Fox network in the United States on October 7, 1993. The episode features the return of guest star Kelsey Grammer as Sideshow Bob, who tries to kill Bart Simpson after getting out of jail, spoofing the 1962 film Cape Fear and its 1991 remake. Both films are based on John D. MacDonald's 1957 novel The Executioners and allude to other horror films such as Psycho.

"Cape Feare"
The Simpsons episode
Episode no.Season 5
Episode 2
Directed byRich Moore
Written byJon Vitti
Production code9F22
Original air dateOctober 7, 1993 (1993-10-07)
Guest appearance(s)
Episode features
Chalkboard gag"The cafeteria deep fryer is not a toy"[1]
Couch gag(first) The family forms a chorus line, which turns into a large production number. / (second) Upon arriving in Terror Lake, the family (as "The Thompsons") sit on their new couch, only to get covered by a falling mound of fish.[2]
CommentaryMatt Groening
Al Jean
Jon Vitti
Episode chronology
← Previous
"Homer's Barbershop Quartet"
Next →
"Homer Goes to College"
The Simpsons (season 5)
List of The Simpsons episodes

The episode was written by Jon Vitti and directed by Rich Moore. The idea was pitched by Wallace Wolodarsky, who wanted to parody Cape Fear. Originally produced for the fourth season, it was held over to the fifth and was therefore the last episode produced by the show's original writers, most of whom subsequently left. The production crew found it difficult to stretch "Cape Feare" to the standard duration of half an hour, and consequently padded several scenes. In one such sequence, Sideshow Bob continually steps on rakes, the handles of which then hit him in the face; this scene has been cited as one of the show's most memorable moments. The episode is generally considered one of the best of the entire series, and the score received an Emmy Award nomination.

PlotEdit

After receiving numerous death threats in the mail—most of which are written in blood—Bart becomes paranoid. He soon learns the culprit is his enemy, Sideshow Bob, who is incarcerated in Springfield State Prison. The next day, Sideshow Bob is paroled because the parole board no longer considers him a threat to society. When the Simpsons visit a cinema to see Ernest Goes Somewhere Cheap, Sideshow Bob sits in front of them, smoking and laughing obnoxiously. The Simpsons realize that he sent the letters and threatened to kill Bart. Marge angrily tells him to stay away from her son.

The Simpsons join the Witness Protection Program and relocate to Terror Lake, changing their surname to "Thompson" and living aboard a houseboat. As they drive cross-country to their new home, they are unaware Sideshow Bob is strapped to the underside of the car. While suspended there, Bob is hit with speed bumps, has hot coffee poured on him, and is driven through a large cactus patch.

After arriving in Terror Lake, Bob unstraps himself from the car and steps on rakes several times, injuring himself. Bart sees Sideshow Bob in the street, where he unstraps himself from the underside of an old lady's car and is trampled by a parade which includes several large elephants. Bart tries telling his parents but Homer lazily dismisses his claims.

During the night, Sideshow Bob reaches the houseboat and unmoors it from the dock. He ties up Homer, Marge, Lisa, Maggie and Santa's Little Helper so they cannot meddle with his plan. Sideshow Bob enters Bart's room, ready to kill him. Bart flees out the window and tries to escape, but he cannot jump off the boat since the river is filled with alligators and electric eels. Sideshow Bob catches up to Bart and offers him a last request. Having noticed a sign saying Springfield is fifteen miles away, Bart has an idea: to stall for time, he compliments Sideshow Bob on his beautiful voice and asks him to sing the entire score of the H.M.S. Pinafore. Bob delivers a performance which includes several props, costumes and backdrops.

As the musical concludes, the boat runs aground, knocking Sideshow Bob off his feet and preventing him from killing Bart. He is arrested by Chief Wiggum, whose police force were inexplicably stationed by a river-side brothel while wearing bathrobes. The Simpsons return home to find Grampa locked out of their house and unable to take his medicine, resulting in him unintentionally becoming feminine. Grampa is courted by Jasper with Steve and Eydie tickets.

ProductionEdit

 
Kelsey Grammer voiced Sideshow Bob in the episode.

Sideshow Bob is a recurring character on The Simpsons. Since season three's "Black Widower" (1992), the writers have echoed the premise of Wile E. Coyote chasing the Road Runner from the 1949–1966 Looney Tunes cartoons by having Bob unexpectedly insert himself into Bart's life and attempt to kill him. Executive producer Al Jean has compared Bob's character to that of Wile E. Coyote, noting that both are intelligent yet always foiled by what they perceive as an inferior intellect.[3] The scene in which Bob is stomped on by multiple elephants and bounced right back up is a reference to the Wile E. Coyote character.[4]

American actor Kelsey Grammer was brought in to guest star as Sideshow Bob for the third time.[1] At that time, Grammer had become a household name as the lead of the television series Frasier, which was in production at the same time as this episode. Grammer did not know the rake scene was extended, because he had done the moan only once and was surprised when he saw the final product. The show's writers admire Grammer's singing voice, and try to include a song for each appearance including this episode.[4] Alf Clausen, the primary composer for The Simpsons, commented that "[Grammer] is so great. He's just amazing. You can tell he has this love of musical theater and he has the vocal instrument to go with it, so I know whatever I write is going to be sung the way I've heard it."[5]

In Planet Simpson, author Chris Turner writes that Bob is built into a highbrow snob and conservative Republican so the writers can continually hit him with a rake and bring him down. He represents high culture while Krusty, one of his archenemies, represents low culture, and Bart, stuck in between, always wins out.[6] In the book Leaving Springfield, David L. G. Arnold comments that Bart is a product of a "mass-culture upbringing" and thus is Bob's enemy.[7]

Bob's intelligence serves him in many ways. During this episode, for example, the parole board asks Bob why he has a tattoo that says "Die Bart, Die"; Bob replies that it is German for "The Bart, The". The board members are impressed and release him because "no one who speaks German could be an evil man" (an allusion to Adolf Hitler).[8] However, his love of high culture is sometimes used against him. In the same episode, Bob agrees to perform the operetta H.M.S. Pinafore in its entirety as a last request for Bart. The tactic stalls Bob long enough for the police to arrest him.[9]

Even though the episode aired during the beginning of the fifth season, it was produced by the crew of the fourth season. A large part of the original crew left the show after season four. This led to the addition of several scenes that normally would not have been considered, because the mentality of the departing crew was "what are they going to do, get us fired?"[8] Although most of the episode was completed by the staff of season four, the end was rewritten by the team of season five.[4]

Wallace Wolodarsky had seen the 1991 version of Cape Fear and pitched the idea of spoofing the film. Jon Vitti was then assigned to write a parody of the original Cape Fear film from 1962 as well as the remake (both films are based on the 1957 novel by John D. MacDonald, entitled The Executioners[10]). Instead of using the spoof as only a part of the episode, which could have contained a B-story, the entire episode was devoted to this parody. Sideshow Bob was cast as the villain and Bart became the main victim. The episode followed the same basic plot outline as the films and used elements from the original film's score by Bernard Herrmann (which was also used in the 1991 version), which, after this episode, became Sideshow Bob's theme.[4] This episode marked the first time a Sideshow Bob episode was not a mystery.[8]

There were difficulties getting this episode up to the minimum length of an episode, and many scenes were added in post-production. The episode starts with a repeat of a couch gag that was first used in the episode "Lisa's First Word", which is considerably longer than the typical couch gag. The crew added an Itchy & Scratchy cartoon and a few misleads as to who was trying to kill Bart. Even with all these additions, the episode still ran short of time. This led to the creation of the rake sequence, which became a memorable moment of the episode, and the entire series.[11] Originally, Sideshow Bob was supposed to step on only one rake after he stepped out from the underside of the Simpson family's car, but this was changed to nine rakes in a row. According to executive producer Al Jean, the idea was to make the scene funny, then drag the joke out so that it is no longer funny, and then drag it out even longer to make it funny again.[4]

Additions to the end musical number, including visual gags such as Bob appearing in uniform, were added after the animatics. The crew felt watching the character singing would not be interesting enough and they had to include these gags to make it work.[4] The Simpsons creator Matt Groening was surprised when he saw the additions, because he originally thought they were silly and would not appear in the final cut, but he has grown to like them.[12]

Cultural referencesEdit

 
Bob stays at the Bates Motel from the 1960 film Psycho.

Besides borrowing the overall plot structure of the Cape Fear films, the episode made several direct references to specific scenes from the films. References to the original include: Marge's going to Chief Wiggum only to be told Sideshow Bob has not broken any laws (also references the 1991 remake). References to the 1991 remake include: Sideshow Bob's tattoos; the shot of his leaving the prison gate; the scene with him smoking in the movie theater; part of his "workout" scene; his hiding under the Simpson family's car; Wiggum's rigging wire around the house to a toy doll as an alarm; his suggestion that Homer can do anything to someone who enters his home; Bob, strapped under a car, pulling up beside Bart for a conversation; and Homer's hiring a private investigator who attempts to persuade Bob to leave town.[4]

The episode also contains elements of Alfred Hitchcock's 1960 film Psycho with Sideshow Bob staying at the Bates Motel.[1] Homer's surprising Bart with his new hockey mask recalls the film Friday the 13th Part III[2] and Sideshow Bob's tattoos on his knuckles are similar to those of Robert Mitchum's character in The Night of the Hunter. (Mitchum also played the villain Max Cady in the original 1962 version of Cape Fear.)[13] While singing "Three Little Maids From School Are We" from The Mikado during the car trip to Terror Lake, Homer's and Bart's hats allude to I Love Lucy.[4] The scene featuring Ned Flanders with his "finger razors" references the 1984 film A Nightmare on Elm Street and its villain Freddy Krueger (threatening Bart with the razors); also the 1990 film Edward Scissorhands (shaping the hedge into an angel, just as Edward had done a dinosaur).[13]

ReceptionEdit

"Cape Feare" originally aired on the Fox network in the United States on October 7, 1993.[1] It finished 32nd in the ratings for the week of October 4–10, 1993, with a Nielsen rating of 12.3.[14] The episode was the highest-rated show on the Fox network that week.[14] "Cape Feare" was selected for release in a 1997 VHS collection of episodes titled The Simpsons: Springfield Murder Mysteries, along with "Who Shot Mr. Burns? (Part 1)", "Who Shot Mr. Burns? (Part 2)" and "Black Widower".[15][16] It was included again in the 2005 DVD release of the Springfield Murder Mysteries.[17] The episode is also featured on the Simpsons season five DVD set, which was released on December 21, 2004.[18] Groening, Jean and Vitti participated in the DVD audio commentary for "Cape Feare".[18] Kelsey Grammer's performance of H.M.S. Pinafore was later included on the album Go Simpsonic with The Simpsons.[19] The musical score for the episode earned composer Alf Clausen an Emmy Award nomination for "Outstanding Dramatic Underscore – Series" in 1994.[20]

 
"Cape Feare" is the favorite episode of Simpsons cast member Hank Azaria.

According to Matt Groening, people often include this episode among their top 10 favorites.[12] In Entertainment Weekly's top 25 The Simpsons episodes ever, it was placed third.[21] To celebrate the show's 300th episode "Barting Over", USA Today published a top 10 chosen by the webmaster of The Simpsons Archive, which had this episode at a ninth place.[22] In 2006, IGN named "Cape Feare" the best episode of the fifth season.[23] Vanity Fair called it the show's fourth-best episode in 2007, as "this episode's masterful integration of filmic parody and a recurring character puts it near the top."[24] James Walton of The Daily Telegraph characterized the episode as one of "The 10 Best Simpsons TV Episodes",[25] while the Herald Sun placed it in their "The Simpsons Top 20".[26] Karl Åkerström of the Swedish newspaper Borås Tidning called it his "all-time favorite" episode of the show.[27] Michael Moran of The Times and Emily VanDerWerff of Slant Magazine both ranked "Cape Feare" as the fourth-best in the show's history.[28][29] Cast member Hank Azaria cited this episode as his favorite in the series.[30][31]

IGN's Robert Canning gave the episode a perfect score of 10 out of 10 and named it the best Sideshow Bob episode of The Simpsons. He added that there are "many, many reasons for its perfection, but what stands out most for me was how savage and single-minded Bob is in the episode. He wants to kill Bart and he makes no secret of it, save for lying to the parole board. Episodes since have made Bob far too wishy-washy. This was Bob in his prime—his vengeful, glorious, hilarious prime."[32] Canning also placed it at #1 on the list of the Top 10 Sideshow Bob episodes.[33] Nathan Rabin of The A.V. Club noted that the episode "turns limitations into strengths by spinning the need to fill out time into some of the series' sharpest, funniest and weirdest gags. The Rake Effect might be its greatest gift to comedy but its virtues go far beyond that. Sideshow Bob episodes consistently rank among the show's best and this represents the gold standard all subsequent Sideshow Bob episodes aspire to."[34] Empire called Bob's mishaps while strapped under the Simpsons' car the eighth-best film parody in the show, and called the rake scene "the best bit of slapstick in Simpson history."[35] The parody of Cape Fear was named the 33rd greatest film reference in the history of the show by Total Film's Nathan Ditum.[13] The Norwegian newspaper Nettavisen listed Sideshow Bob's "Die Bart, die" tattoo from the episode as the fifth-best tattoo in film and television history.[36] Entertainment.ie named it among the 10 greatest Simpsons episodes of all time.[37] Screen Rant called it the best episode of the fifth season and the third greatest episode of The Simpsons.[38] In 2019, Time ranked the episode ninth in its list of 10 best Simpsons episodes picked by Simpsons experts.[39]

In 2012, New York-based theatre group The Civilians performed American playwright Anne Washburn's play Mr. Burns, a Post-Electric Play, which is based on this episode and features its plot as one of the main elements of the play.[40]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d Richmond & Coffman 1997, p. 121.
  2. ^ a b Martyn, Warren; Wood, Adrian (2000). "Cape Feare". BBC. Retrieved February 12, 2007.
  3. ^ Jean, Al (2003). Commentary for "Black Widower". The Simpsons: The Complete Third Season (DVD). Los Angeles, California: 20th Century Fox.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h Jean, Al (2004). Commentary for "Cape Feare". The Simpsons: The Complete Fifth Season (DVD). Los Angeles, California: 20th Century Fox.
  5. ^ Leopold, Todd (September 21, 2007). "The man who makes 'The Simpsons' sing". Atlanta, Georgia: CNN Entertainment. Retrieved January 3, 2009.
  6. ^ Turner 2004, pp. 129–131.
  7. ^ Arnold 2003, pp. 2–3.
  8. ^ a b c Vitti, Jon (2004). Commentary for "Cape Feare". The Simpsons: The Complete Fifth Season (DVD). Los Angeles, California: 20th Century Fox.
  9. ^ Arnold 2003, p. 16.
  10. ^ Macdonald, John D. (1957). Cape Fear: A Novel (Formerly Titled the Executioners). Robbinsdale, Minnesota: Fawcett Publications. ISBN 0449131904.
  11. ^ Reiss, Mike; Klickstein, Mathew (2018). Springfield confidential: jokes, secrets, and outright lies from a lifetime writing for the Simpsons. New York City: Dey Street Books. p. 96. ISBN 978-0062748034.
  12. ^ a b Groening, Matt (2004). Commentary for "Cape Feare". The Simpsons: The Complete Fifth Season (DVD). Los Angeles, California: 20th Century Fox.
  13. ^ a b c Ditum, Nathan (June 6, 2009). "The 50 Greatest Simpsons Movie References". Total Film. Retrieved July 22, 2009.
  14. ^ a b Associated Press (October 16, 1993). "Nielsen Ratings /Oct. 4–10". Press-Telegram. p. C5.
  15. ^ Turpin, Adrian (October 3, 1997). "Screen: Video releases Romeo And Juliet/Flirt/Springfield Murder Mysteries/The Saint/Secrets and Lies". The Guardian. London, England: Guardian Media Group. p. T.015.
  16. ^ "The Simpsons: Springfield Murder Mysteries (VHS)". Retrieved February 7, 2009.
  17. ^ "DVD New Releases". Evening Times. April 23, 2005.
  18. ^ a b The Simpsons – The Complete Fifth Season. The Simpsons. Los Angeles, California: 20th Century Fox. December 21, 2004.
  19. ^ Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "Go Simpsonic with the Simpsons". Allmusic. Retrieved December 14, 2015.
  20. ^ "Every show, every winner, every nominee". Los Angeles Times. Tronc. Archived from the original on May 25, 2012. Retrieved February 10, 2007.
  21. ^ "The Family Dynamic". Entertainment Weekly. New York City: Meredith Corporation. February 2, 2003. Archived from the original on February 4, 2009. Retrieved December 14, 2015.
  22. ^ Paakkinen, Jouni (February 6, 2003). "10 fan favorites". USA Today. Mclean, Virginia: Gannett Company. Retrieved December 14, 2015.
  23. ^ Goldman, Eric; Iverson, Dan; Zoromski, Brian (September 8, 2006). "The Simpsons: 17 Seasons, 17 Episodes". IGN. Archived from the original on March 2, 2007. Retrieved December 14, 2015.
  24. ^ Orvted, John (July 5, 2007). "The Simpsons: Springfield's Best". Vanity Fair. New York City: Condé Nast. Retrieved December 14, 2015.
  25. ^ Walton, James (July 21, 2007). "The 10 Best Simpsons TV Episodes (In Chronological Order)". The Daily Telegraph. London, England: Telegraph Media Group. p. 3.
  26. ^ "The Simpsons Top 20". Herald Sun. April 21, 2007. p. W09.
  27. ^ Åkerström, Karl (September 29, 2008). "Topp Tio 1991". Borås Tidning (in Swedish). Archived from the original on September 27, 2011. Retrieved August 11, 2009.
  28. ^ Moran, Michael (January 14, 2010). "The 10 best Simpsons episodes ever". The Times. News UK. Retrieved January 14, 2010.(subscription required)
  29. ^ VanDerWerff, Emily (August 1, 2007). "5 for the Day: The Simpsons". Slant Magazine. Retrieved December 14, 2015.
  30. ^ Azaria, Hank (January 22, 2013). "Hank Azaria Twitter status 3:10 PM 22 Jan 13". Twitter. Retrieved January 22, 2013.
  31. ^ "Hank Azaria Shares Favorite 'Simpsons' Voice And Episode On 'Watch What Happens: Live'" (video). The Huffington Post. August 9, 2013. Retrieved August 9, 2013.
  32. ^ Canning, Robert (June 30, 2009). "The Simpsons Flashback: "Cape Feare" Review". IGN. San Francisco, California: j2Global. Retrieved December 14, 2015.
  33. ^ Canning, Robert (December 2, 2009). "The Simpsons: Top 10 Sideshow Bob Episodes (Page 2)". IGN. San Francisco, California: j2Global. Retrieved December 14, 2015.
  34. ^ Rabin, Nathan (November 18, 2012). "The Simpsons (Classic): "Cape Feare"". The A.V. Club. Chicago, Illinois: onion, Inc. Retrieved December 14, 2015.
  35. ^ Kennedy, Colin (September 2004). "The Ten Best Movie Gags In The Simpsons". Empire. London, England: Bauer Consumer Media. p. 77.
  36. ^ Egeland, Jorunn (October 6, 2007). "De beste film-tatoveringene". Nettavisen (in Norwegian). København, Norway: Egmont Magazines. p. 2. Archived from the original on April 24, 2008. Retrieved August 11, 2009.
  37. ^ Molumby, Deidre (September 6, 2019). "The 10 greatest 'The Simpsons' episodes of all time". Entertainment.ie. Retrieved September 7, 2019.
  38. ^ Sim, Bernardo (September 22, 2019). "The Simpsons: The Best Episode In Every Season, Ranked". Screen Rant. Retrieved September 22, 2019.
  39. ^ Raisa Bruner (December 10, 2019). "We Asked Experts for 10 of Their Most Memorable Simpsons Episodes of All Time". Time. Retrieved December 11, 2019.
  40. ^ Grode, Eric (May 31, 2012). "'The Simpsons' as a Text for the Ages". The New York Times. New York City: New York Times Company. Retrieved July 1, 2014.

Bibliography

External linksEdit