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The Cane Corso (pronounced kah-neh kor-so [ˈkaːne ˈkɔrso]) from Italian cane (dog) and "corso" from the Latin "Cohors" meaning "protector", also known as the Italian Mastiff,[citation needed] is a large Italian breed of dog, for years valued highly in Italy as a companion and guard dog.[2]

Cane Corso
CaneCorso (23).jpg
Other names
  • Cane Corso Italiano
  • Italian Corso Dog
  • Italian Mastiff
Origin Italy
Traits
Weight Male 45–50 kg (99–110 lb)[1]
Female 40–45 kg (88–99 lb)[1]
Classification / standards
FCI Group 2, Section 2.1 Molossian: Mastiff type #343 standard
AKC Working standard
CKC Group 3, Working [? standard]
The CKC Miscellaneous List is for breeds working towards full CKC recognition.
UKC Guardian Dog Group standard
Domestic dog (Canis lupus familiaris)

Contents

DescriptionEdit

 
Black Cane Corso
 
Formentino Cane Corso puppy
 
Black Cane Corso puppy

AppearanceEdit

The Cane Corso is a large Italian Molosser, which is closely related to the Neapolitan Mastiff. In name and form the Cane Corso predates its cousin the Neapolitan Mastiff. It is well muscled[3] and less bulky than most other Mastiff breeds. The breed is known as a true and quite possibly the last of the coursing Mastiffs. The official Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) standard expects ideal dogs to stand 58–70 cm (23–28 in) at the withers, with females in the lower range (58–66 cm (23–26 in)) and males in the higher (62–70 cm (24–28 in)). Weight should be in keeping with the size and stature of these dogs, ranging from 45–50 kilograms (99–110 lb) for males and from 40–45 kilograms (88–99 lb) for females.[4] The overall impression should be of power, balanced with athleticism. A Corso should be moderately tight skinned; however, some dewlap on the neck is normal, and the bottom of the jawline should be defined by the hanging lip.[citation needed]

The head of the Cane Corso is arguably its most important feature. It is large and imposing. The forehead should be flat and convergent to the muzzle. The muzzle is flat, rectangular (when viewed from above), and generally as wide as it is long; approximately 33% the total length of the skull (a ratio of 2:1). The eyes are almond in shape, set straight and when viewed from the front, set slightly above the line of the muzzle. Darker eyes are preferred, however, the color of the eyes tends to emulate the shade of brindling in the coat.[5] Traditionally the ears are cropped short in equilateral triangles that stand erect, however, as cropping is no longer legal in many jurisdictions, Cane Corso with ears are becoming more common, and should hang smoothly against the head, coming to at or slightly below the level of the eyes.[citation needed]

The tail of the Corso is traditionally docked fairly long, at the 4th vertebra. Again, with trends in cosmetic surgeries for dogs changing, many Corsos now have full tails, which should be carried erect, but never curled over the back.[citation needed]

Cane Corso appear in two basic coat colours: black and fawn. This is further modified by genetic pigment dilution to create "blue" (grey, from black) and frumentino or formentino (from fawn, where the mask is blue/grey) colours. Brindling of varying intensity is common on both basic coat colours as well, creating Tigrato (black brindle), and Grigio Tigrato (blue brindle). White markings are common on the chest, tips of toes, the chin, and the bridge of the nose. Large white patches are not desirable.[citation needed]

Details of a study of 232 Cane Corso across 25 countries was published in June 2017; it indicated the average life span of the breed is 9.29 years. The research also showed the results when the live span of different colour groups was determined. The longest living group are black brindle dogs (10.3 years) followed by brindle dogs (10.13 years), grey brindle dogs (9.84 years), fawn dogs (9.01 years), black dogs (9 years), grey dogs (9 years) and other colour dogs (8.09 years).[6]

BehaviorEdit

These dogs are docile and affectionate to their owners, loving with children and family, and easily trained. They are an unequalled protector of the owners and their property.[7]

HistoryEdit

The Cane Corso is a descendant of the old Roman molosser.[4]. Its name derives from cane da corso, an old term for those catch dogs used in rural activities for cattle and swine, as distinct from cane da camera which indicates the catch dog kept as a bodyguard. In the recent past, its distribution was limited to some regions of Southern Italy, especially in Basilicata, Campania, and Apulia.[5]

Cane Corso were used to guard property, livestock, and families, and some continue to be used for this purpose today. Historically it has also been used by night watchmen, keepers, and, in the past, by carters and drovers. In the more distant past this breed was common all over Italy, as an ample iconography and historiography testify.[citation needed]

As life changed in the southern Italian rural farms in the 20th century, the Corso began to become rare. A group of enthusiasts began recovery activities designed to bring the dog back from near extinction in the late 1970s. By 1994, the breed was fully accepted by the Italian Kennel Club (ENCI) as the 14th Italian breed of dog. The FCI provisionally accepted the Corso in 1997, and ten years later was fully recognised internationally. In the US, the American Kennel Club first recognized the Cane Corso in 2010.[3] The popularity of the breed continues to grow, ranking in 40th place in the United States in 2016, a jump from 50th place in 2013 and 60th in 2012 [8] Today the breed is used as a guardian, protection, tracking and police dog.[2]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "FCI Standard 343" (PDF). FCI. Retrieved 17 October 2014.
  2. ^ a b UKC breed standard
  3. ^ a b "Get to Know the Cane Corso", 'The American Kennel Club', Retrieved 20 May 2014
  4. ^ a b "FCI Standard 343" (PDF). FCI. Retrieved 17 October 2014.
  5. ^ a b Cane Corso Standard of Ente Nazionale della Cinofilia Italiana (ENCI)
  6. ^ Korec, Evžen (2017), "Longevity of Cane Corso Italiano dog breed and its relationship with hair colour" (PDF), Open Veterinary Journal, 7 (2): 170–173
  7. ^ AKC Official Standard of the Cane Corso
  8. ^ "AKC Dog Registration Statistics", The American Kennel Club, accessed 20 May 2014

External linksEdit