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Cairon is a commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy region in northwestern France.

Cairon
Commune
Chateau
Chateau
Coat of arms of Cairon
Coat of arms
Cairon is located in France
Cairon
Cairon
Location within Normandy region
Cairon is located in Normandy
Cairon
Cairon
Coordinates: 49°14′28″N 0°26′56″W / 49.2411°N 0.4489°W / 49.2411; -0.4489Coordinates: 49°14′28″N 0°26′56″W / 49.2411°N 0.4489°W / 49.2411; -0.4489
Country France
Region Normandy
Department Calvados
Arrondissement Caen
Canton Bretteville-l'Orgueilleuse
Intercommunality CU Caen la Mer
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Claude Yver
Area1 5.91 km2 (2.28 sq mi)
Population (2008)2 1,571
 • Density 270/km2 (690/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code 14123 /14610
Elevation 28–72 m (92–236 ft)
(avg. 85 m or 279 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Contents

GeographyEdit

The commune of Cairon is situated in Normandy, in Calvados, 5 kilometers to the north-west of Caen.

The Mue river and its tributary the Vey flow through Cairon.

ToponymyEdit

Cairon, Karon in 1077 and Cayron in 1231[1]: the toponym was probably formed from the Gallo-Roman Carius by adding the suffix -onis[2].

HistoryEdit

During the Invasion of Normandy, Cairon was liberated on June 11th, 1944, by the 46th Royal Marine Commando.

The demonym (previously gentilic) is Caironnais.

PopulationEdit

The change in the number of inhabitants is known through a census, taken in the commune since 1793. As of 2006, the recorded population of towns has been published yearly by INSEE. The census is now based on the annual collection of information, successively covering all municipal territories over a period of five years. For towns with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants, a census survey of the entire population is done every five years, while the populations of the years in between are estimated by interpolation or extrapolation. For Cairon, the first comprehensive census within the framework of this new system was carried out in 2008.

In 2015, the commune totaled 1,947 inhabitants, a growth of 20.84% compared to 2010 (Calvados: +1.53%, France outside Mayotte: +2.44%).

YearPop.±%
1962409—    
1968480+17.4%
1975664+38.3%
1982809+21.8%
19901,098+35.7%
19991,585+44.4%
20081,571−0.9%

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Albert Dauzat and Charles Rostaing, Dictionnaire étymologique des noms de lieux en France, Paris, Larousse, 1963
  2. ^ René Lepelley, Dictionnaire étymologique des noms de communes de Normandie, Condé-sur-Noireau, Éd. Charles Corlet, 1996 (ISBN 2-95480-455-4, notice BnFno FRBNF36174448), p. 83