Cápac Yupanqui

Cápac Yupanqui (Quechua Qhapaq Yupanki Inka, "splendid accountant Inca") was the fifth Sapa Inca of the Kingdom of Cusco (beginning around CE 1320) and the last of the Hurin dynasty.[1]

Cápac Yupanqui
Cápac Yupanqui.jpg
Painting of Cápac Yupanqui, oil on canvas, Brooklyn Museum
Sapa Inca of the Kingdom of Cusco
Reignc. 1320c. 1350
PredecessorMayta Cápac
SuccessorInca Roca
BornCusco, Peru
Diedc. 1350
Cusco, Peru
Cusi Chimbo
IssueInca Roca
Quispe Yupanqui
FatherMayta Cápac
MotherMama Cuca


Yupanqui was a son and successor of Mayta Cápac while his elder brother Cunti Mayta became high priest.[2]

His chief wife was Mama Cusi Hilpay (or Qorihillpay or Ccuri-hilpay), the daughter of the lord of Anta, previously a great enemy of the Incas.[3]

His son with a woman called Cusi Chimbo, founder of the Hanan dynasty, was Inca Roca.[4]


In legend, Yupanqui is a great conqueror; the chronicler Juan de Betanzos says that he was the first Inca to conquer territory outside the valley of Cuzco—which may be taken to delimit the importance of his predecessors.

He subjugated the Cuyumarca and Ancasmarca. His sons from other women included Apu Calla, Humpi, Apu Saca, Apu Chima-chaui, Apu Urco Huaranca, and Uchun-cuna-ascalla-rando. He died in 1350.[2]: 44 

Garcilaso de la Vega reports that he improved the city of Cuzco with many buildings, bridges, roads and aqueducts.[3]


  1. ^ Felipe Guamán Poma de Ayala (author), David Frye (translator), The First New Chronicle and Good Government. Hackett Publishing Co, Inc (2006) ISBN 0872208419 ISBN 978-0872208414
  2. ^ a b de Gamboa, P.S., 2015, History of the Incas, p 44. Lexington, ISBN 9781463688653
  3. ^ a b Garcilaso de la Vega, The Incas: the royal commentaries of the Inca
  4. ^ Catherine Julien, Reading Inca History

Regnal titles
Preceded by Sapa Inca
c. 1320c. 1350
Succeeded by