Mayta Cápac

Mayta Cápac (Quechua Mayta Qhapaq Inka) was the fourth Sapa Inca of the Kingdom of Cuzco (beginning around 1290 CE) and a member of the Hurin dynasty.

Mayta Cápac
Mayta Capac.jpg
Mayta Cápac
Born
Cusco, Peru
Diedc. 1320
Cusco, Peru
TitleSapa Inca
PredecessorLloque Yupanqui
SuccessorCápac Yupanqui
Spouse(s)Mama Cuca
ChildrenCápac Yupanqui
Parent(s)Lloque Yupanqui
Mama Cora Ocllo Coya

Family and personalEdit

As a son of King Lloque Yupanqui, Mayta Cápac was his heir and the father of Cápac Yupanqui.[1] His wife's name is given as Mama Tankariy Yachiy, or Tacucaray, or Mama Cuca.[2] His other children were Tarco Huaman, Apu Cunti Mayta, Queco Avcaylli, and Rocca Yupanqui.[3]:43

Mayta's mother was Mama Cora Ocllo Coya. She died in Cuzco.[2]

ReignEdit

Mayta Capac was referred to as the reformer of the calendar[4]. The chroniclers describe him as a great warrior who conquered territories as far as Lake Titicaca, Arequipa, and Potosí. While in fact, his kingdom was still limited to the valley of Cuzco. In 1134, Mayta Cápac put the regions of Arequipa and Moquegua under the control of the Inca empire.

His great military feat was the subjugation of Alcabisas and Culunchimas tribes.[3]:43

SourcesEdit

  1. ^ The First New Chronicle and Good Government by Felipe Guamán Poma de Ayala and Roland Hamilton
  2. ^ a b The Incas: the royal commentaries of the Inca, Garcilaso de la Vega
  3. ^ a b de Gamboa, P.S., 2015, History of the Incas, Lexington, ISBN 9781463688653
  4. ^ Bollaert, William (1854). "Observations on the History of the Incas of Peru, on the Indian of South Peru, and Some Indian Remains in the Province of Tarapaća" (PDF). Journal of the Ethnological Society of London. 3: 143 – via JSTOR.
Preceded by
Lloque Yupanqui
Sapa Inca
As ruler of the Kingdom of Cusco

c. 1290–c. 1320
Succeeded by
Cápac Yupanqui