Butigeidis (Budikid; Belarusian: Будзікід) was the Grand Duke of Lithuania from 1285 to 1290/1291, assuming power after the death of Daumantas.[1] He is the first known and undisputed member of the Gediminids.[1]

Butigeidis
Grand Duke of Lithuania
Reign1285–1290/1291
PredecessorDaumantas
SuccessorButvydas
Born1240
Died1290/1291
HouseGediminids

He started his rule when the Livonian Order and the Teutonic Knights were finalizing their conquest of the Baltic tribes.[1] In 1289, leading about 8,000 troops, Butigeidis attacked Sambia.[1] In 1289 the Teutonic Knights built a castle in Tilsit and their raids intensified. Lithuanians were forced to abandon Kolainių Castle located on the other bank of the Neman River.[1] Butigeidis was the first to build strong castles along the Neman River.[1] The castle system was further developed after his death and helped to resist the raids until the second half of the 14th century.[1]

Butigeidis transferred Vaŭkavysk to Galicia-Volhynia in exchange for peace.[1] He died in 1290 or 1292, and his brother Butvydas (also known as Pukuveras) inherited the crown.[1]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Butigeidis". vle.lt (in Lithuanian). Retrieved 20 January 2020.
  • Lietuvos valdovai (XIII-XVIII a.): enciklopedinis žinynas (in Lithuanian). Vytautas Spečiūnas (compiler). Vilnius: Mokslo ir enciklopedijų leidybos institutas. 2004. p. 29. ISBN 5-420-01535-8.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: others (link)
Preceded by Grand Duke of Lithuania
1285–1291
Succeeded by