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Brown County, Minnesota

Brown County is a county in the U.S. state of Minnesota. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 25,893.[2] Its county seat is New Ulm.[3] The county was formed in 1855 and organized in 1856.

Brown County
Brown County Courthouse
Brown County Courthouse
Map of Minnesota highlighting Brown County
Location within the U.S. state of Minnesota
Map of the United States highlighting Minnesota
Minnesota's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 44°14′N 94°43′W / 44.23°N 94.72°W / 44.23; -94.72
Country United States
State Minnesota
FoundedFebruary 20, 1855 (created)
1856 (organized)[1]
Named forJoseph Renshaw Brown
SeatNew Ulm
Largest cityNew Ulm
Area
 • Total618 sq mi (1,600 km2)
 • Land611 sq mi (1,580 km2)
 • Water7.4 sq mi (19 km2)  1.2%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2018)
25,111
 • Density41.2/sq mi (15.9/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district1st
Websitewww.co.brown.mn.us

Brown County comprises the New Ulm, MN Metropolitan Statistical Area and is included in the Mankato-New Ulm-North Mankato, MN Combined Statistical Area.

HistoryEdit

Brown County was founded in 1855. It was named for Joseph Renshaw Brown, a member of the Governor's Council of Minnesota in 1855.[4]

GeographyEdit

The Minnesota River flows east-southeast along the county's northern border. The Cottonwood River flows east-northeast through the county's central and upper area, discharging into the Minnesota at the northern border. The Little Cottonwood River flows east through the lower portion of the county, on its way to discharge into the Minnesota in neighboring Blue Earth County. The terrain consists of rolling hills, mostly devoted to agriculture,[5] and generally slopes to the east, tending to drop into the river valleys. Its highest point is at its southwestern corner, at 1,263' (385m) ASL.[6][7]

The county has a total area of 618 square miles (1,600 km2), of which 611 square miles (1,580 km2) is land and 7.4 square miles (19 km2) (1.2%) is water.[8][9]

 
Soils of Brown County[10]

Major highwaysEdit

Adjacent countiesEdit

Lakes[5]Edit

Climate and weatherEdit

New Ulm, Minnesota
Climate chart (explanation)
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D
 
 
0.6
 
 
24
6
 
 
0.7
 
 
29
11
 
 
1.9
 
 
41
23
 
 
2.9
 
 
58
36
 
 
3.4
 
 
70
49
 
 
4.8
 
 
79
59
 
 
4
 
 
83
63
 
 
4.1
 
 
80
61
 
 
3.2
 
 
72
51
 
 
2.3
 
 
60
38
 
 
1.6
 
 
42
25
 
 
0.9
 
 
27
10
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[11]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of New Ulm have ranged from a low of 6 °F (−14 °C) in January to a high of 83 °F (28 °C) in July, although a record low of −37 °F (−38 °C) was recorded in January 1984 and a record high of 105 °F (41 °C) was recorded in July 1988. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 0.64 inches (16 mm) in January to 4.82 inches (122 mm) in June.[11]

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
18602,339
18706,396173.5%
188012,01887.9%
189015,81731.6%
190019,78725.1%
191020,1341.8%
192022,42111.4%
193023,4284.5%
194025,5449.0%
195025,8951.4%
196027,6766.9%
197028,8874.4%
198028,645−0.8%
199026,984−5.8%
200026,911−0.3%
201025,893−3.8%
Est. 201825,111[12]−3.0%
US Decennial Census[13]
1790-1960[14] 1900-1990[15]
1990-2000[16] 2010-2018[2]
 
Age pyramid of county residents based on 2000 U.S. census data

2000 censusEdit

As of the 2000 United States Census,[17] there were 26,911 people, 10,598 households, and 7,164 families in the county. The population density was 44.0/sqmi (17.0/km²). There were 11,163 housing units at an average density of 18.3/sqmi (7.05/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.82% White, 0.10% Black or African American, 0.12% Native American, 0.41% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.91% from other races, and 0.63% from two or more races. 2.03% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 67.1% were of German and 9.6% Norwegian ancestry.

There were 10,598 households out of which 31.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.30% were married couples living together, 6.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.40% were non-families. 29.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 3.00.

The county population contained 25.30% under the age of 18, 9.70% from 18 to 24, 25.60% from 25 to 44, 21.90% from 45 to 64, and 17.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 98.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $39,800, and the median income for a family was $49,811. Males had a median income of $32,347 versus $23,918 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,535. About 4.40% of families and 6.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.00% of those under age 18 and 9.80% of those age 65 or over.

CommunitiesEdit

PoliticsEdit

Brown County voters have traditionally voted Republican. In no national election since 1964 has the county selected the Democratic Party candidate (as of 2016)

Presidential election results
Presidential elections results[18]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 63.2% 8,708 27.3% 3,763 9.5% 1,308
2012 57.0% 7,938 40.4% 5,630 2.6% 361
2008 54.7% 7,456 42.7% 5,809 2.6% 355
2004 60.9% 8,395 37.4% 5,158 1.6% 225
2000 57.4% 7,370 36.2% 4,650 6.3% 814
1996 45.2% 5,580 39.4% 4,864 15.5% 1,915
1992 39.6% 5,390 31.4% 4,278 29.0% 3,953
1988 56.7% 6,898 42.0% 5,109 1.4% 166
1984 64.7% 8,399 34.4% 4,469 0.8% 109
1980 57.0% 8,051 34.8% 4,915 8.2% 1,156
1976 53.3% 7,479 41.3% 5,792 5.5% 768
1972 61.2% 7,791 34.2% 4,347 4.6% 591
1968 57.0% 7,039 37.1% 4,585 5.9% 726
1964 49.0% 5,851 50.8% 6,069 0.1% 17
1960 56.9% 7,084 43.0% 5,353 0.1% 16
1956 72.0% 7,965 27.7% 3,067 0.2% 27
1952 72.1% 8,152 27.7% 3,129 0.2% 27
1948 50.6% 5,068 48.0% 4,804 1.4% 144
1944 70.5% 7,018 28.6% 2,842 0.9% 89
1940 66.7% 7,533 32.6% 3,678 0.8% 90
1936 26.1% 2,679 64.6% 6,637 9.3% 951
1932 22.6% 2,027 75.0% 6,716 2.4% 212
1928 40.1% 3,611 59.2% 5,341 0.7% 64
1924 31.9% 2,255 3.8% 270 64.3% 4,551
1920 80.7% 5,841 11.0% 796 8.3% 603
1916 59.7% 2,078 31.6% 1,101 8.7% 303
1912 14.9% 472 43.0% 1,359 42.1% 1,330
1908 45.2% 1,518 45.8% 1,536 9.0% 303
1904 68.4% 2,073 28.7% 869 2.9% 89
1900 52.1% 1,695 45.2% 1,471 2.8% 90
1896 53.4% 1,807 43.4% 1,469 3.2% 107
1892 38.5% 1,080 41.8% 1,174 19.7% 553

See alsoEdit

FootnotesEdit

  1. ^ "Minnesota Place Names". Minnesota Historical Society. Archived from the original on October 29, 2014. Retrieved March 17, 2014.
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 31, 2013.
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  4. ^ History of the Origin of the Place Names in Nine Northwestern States. 1908. p. 12.
  5. ^ a b Brown County MN Google Maps (accessed 5 March 2019)
  6. ^ "Find an Altitude/Brown County MN" Google Maps (accessed 5 March 2019)
  7. ^ Brown County High Point, Minnesota. PeakBagger.com (accessed 5 May 2019)
  8. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on October 6, 2014. Retrieved October 5, 2014.
  9. ^ Minnesota Atlas & Gazetteer. Yarmouth ME: DeLorme. 1994. pp. 21–22, 30–31. ISBN 0-89933-222-6.
  10. ^ Nelson, Steven (2011). Savanna Soils of Minnesota. Minnesota: Self. pp. 65-67. ISBN 978-0-615-50320-2.
  11. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for New Ulm MN". The Weather Channel. Retrieved November 6, 2011.
  12. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved May 1, 2019.
  13. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved October 5, 2014.
  14. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved October 5, 2014.
  15. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved October 5, 2014.
  16. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved October 5, 2014.
  17. ^ "American FactFinder". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  18. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 17, 2018.

Further readingEdit

  • Louis Albert Fritsche, History of Brown County, Minnesota: Its People, Industries and Institutions. In Two Volumes. Indianapolis, IN: B.F. Bowen and Co., 1916.

External linksEdit