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Renville County is a county in the U.S. state of Minnesota. As of the 2010 United States Census the population was 15,730.[1] Its county seat is Olivia.[2]

Renville County, Minnesota
Renville County Courthouse MN.jpg
Map of Minnesota highlighting Renville County
Location within the U.S. state of Minnesota
Map of the United States highlighting Minnesota
Minnesota's location within the U.S.
FoundedFebruary 20, 1855 (created)
November 8, 1866 (organized)
Named forJoseph Renville
SeatOlivia
Largest cityOlivia
Area
 • Total987 sq mi (2,556 km2)
 • Land983 sq mi (2,546 km2)
 • Water4.2 sq mi (11 km2), 0.4%
Population (est.)
 • (2018)14,612
 • Density14.9/sq mi (5.8/km2)
Congressional district7th
Time zoneCentral: UTC−6/−5
Websitewww.renvillecountymn.com

Contents

HistoryEdit

The Minnesota Territory legislature created the county on February 20, 1855. It was named for Joseph Renville, a fur trapper, trader, British officer in the American Revolutionary War, and interlocutor with local Native American groups. Organization of the county's governing structure was completed on November 8, 1866, with Beaver Falls as county seat. Beginning in 1885, citizens in and around Olivia began pressing for the seat to be moved to Olivia, which happened in 1900.[3]

Renville County was the site of several engagements in the Dakota War of 1862.

GeographyEdit

The Minnesota River flows southeast along the county's southwestern border. Hawk Creek flows south through the county's western end, discharging into the Minnesota. Beaver Creek drains the central part of the county, flowing southeast before turning southwest to discharge into the Minnesota. The county terrain consists of rolling hills, etched by drainages and sprinkled with lakes and ponds. The area is devoted to agriculture.[4] The county terrain slopes to the south, with its highest point near the midpoint of the northern border, at 1,122' (342m) ASL.[5] The county has a total area of 987 square miles (2,560 km2), of which 983 square miles (2,550 km2) is land and 4.2 square miles (11 km2) (0.4%) is water.[6]

 
Soils of Renville County[7]

Major highwaysEdit

Adjacent countiesEdit

Renville, Beltrami, and Stearns are Minnesota's only counties that abut nine other counties.

Lakes[4]Edit

  • Beckendorf Lake
  • Boon Lake
  • Hodgson Lake
  • Lake Allie
  • Mud Lake
  • Phare Lake
  • Preston Lake
  • Round Grove Lake (part)
  • Round Lake

Protected areas[4]Edit

  • Beaver Falls County Park
  • Camp Town Park
  • County Park No. 2
  • County Park No. 4
  • Fort Ridgely State Park (part)
  • Prieve State Wildlife Management Area (part)
  • Skalbekken County Park

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
1860245
18703,2191,213.9%
188010,791235.2%
189017,09958.5%
190023,69338.6%
191023,123−2.4%
192023,6342.2%
193023,6450.0%
194024,6254.1%
195023,954−2.7%
196023,249−2.9%
197021,139−9.1%
198020,401−3.5%
199017,673−13.4%
200017,154−2.9%
201015,730−8.3%
Est. 201814,612[8]−7.1%
US Decennial Census[9]
1790-1960[10] 1900-1990[11]
1990-2000[12] 2010-2018[1]
 
Age pyramid of county residents based on 2000 US census data

2000 censusEdit

As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 17,154 people, 6,779 households, and 4,623 families in the county. The population density was 17.5/sqmi (6.74/km²). There were 7,413 housing units at an average density of 7.54/sqmi (2.91/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.72% White, 0.06% Black or African American, 0.51% Native American, 0.20% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 2.77% from other races, and 0.73% from two or more races. 5.11% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 50.9% were of German, 16.3% Norwegian and 5.1% Swedish ancestry.

There were 6,779 households out of which 31.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.10% were married couples living together, 5.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.80% were non-families. 28.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.05.

The county population contained 26.50% under the age of 18, 6.60% from 18 to 24, 25.30% from 25 to 44, 21.70% from 45 to 64, and 19.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 99.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $37,652, and the median income for a family was $45,065. Males had a median income of $30,473 versus $22,179 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,770. About 6.30% of families and 8.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.80% of those under age 18 and 8.10% of those age 65 or over.

CommunitiesEdit

PoliticsEdit

Before 1996, Renville County was a fairly balanced precinct. Since 1996, only Republican Party candidates have received the county vote in national elections (as of 2016).

Presidential election results
Presidential elections results[13]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 64.3% 4,890 27.8% 2,117 7.9% 599
2012 53.8% 4,149 44.0% 3,394 2.2% 167
2008 48.6% 3,956 48.0% 3,904 3.4% 275
2004 53.1% 4,430 45.4% 3,787 1.6% 132
2000 49.7% 4,036 43.5% 3,533 6.8% 553
1996 35.0% 2,887 48.0% 3,956 16.9% 1,395
1992 32.0% 2,852 38.3% 3,414 29.8% 2,654
1988 48.8% 4,356 49.9% 4,454 1.3% 117
1984 57.9% 5,571 41.3% 3,972 0.9% 86
1980 53.1% 5,544 38.9% 4,058 8.1% 842
1976 42.5% 4,482 54.6% 5,762 2.9% 301
1972 53.1% 5,329 44.8% 4,499 2.2% 216
1968 48.7% 4,821 45.8% 4,535 5.6% 550
1964 41.6% 4,340 58.2% 6,072 0.2% 25
1960 54.2% 5,885 45.7% 4,958 0.1% 14
1956 57.5% 5,728 42.3% 4,213 0.2% 17
1952 63.5% 6,742 36.0% 3,828 0.5% 56
1948 44.4% 4,297 54.0% 5,227 1.6% 155
1944 57.5% 5,160 41.7% 3,747 0.8% 69
1940 57.2% 6,196 42.3% 4,588 0.5% 58
1936 32.3% 3,049 56.5% 5,344 11.2% 1,060
1932 30.0% 2,631 68.1% 5,967 1.9% 163
1928 57.2% 5,107 41.8% 3,731 1.1% 94
1924 42.7% 3,405 8.0% 641 49.3% 3,935
1920 73.6% 5,995 15.8% 1,283 10.6% 863
1916 55.3% 2,432 37.7% 1,660 7.0% 310
1912 18.0% 703 33.6% 1,310 48.4% 1,889
1908 60.2% 2,275 36.1% 1,364 3.7% 139
1904 77.9% 2,925 17.0% 639 5.0% 189
1900 64.8% 2,809 30.6% 1,326 4.7% 202
1896 55.2% 2,553 42.7% 1,978 2.1% 97
1892 40.0% 1,370 28.7% 984 31.4% 1,075

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 1, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Upham, Warren. Minnesota Place Names (1920) p. 455 (accessed 5 April 2019)
  4. ^ a b c Renville County MN Google Maps (accessed 5 April 2019)
  5. ^ "Find an Altitude/Renville County MN" Google Maps (accessed 5 April 2019)
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on September 21, 2013. Retrieved October 24, 2014.
  7. ^ Nelson, Steven (2011). Savanna Soils of Minnesota. Minnesota: Self. pp. 65-67. ISBN 978-0-615-50320-2.
  8. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved May 2, 2019.
  9. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Retrieved October 24, 2014.
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved October 24, 2014.
  11. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved October 24, 2014.
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved October 24, 2014.
  13. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved October 10, 2018.

External linksEdit