Bristol East (UK Parliament constituency)
Bristol East is a constituency[n 1] recreated in 1983 covering the eastern part of the City of Bristol, represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2005 by Kerry McCarthy of the Labour Party.[n 2] An earlier guise of the seat existed between 1885 and 1950.
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Bristol East in Avon for the 2010 general election.
Location of Avon within England.
|County||City of Bristol|
|Population||95,368 (2011 census)|
|Member of Parliament||Kerry McCarthy (Labour)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Bristol South East|
Bristol North East
|Number of members||One|
|Type of constituency||Borough constituency|
|Replaced by||Bristol South East, Bristol Central and Bristol South|
|European Parliament constituency||South West England|
The seat was first created in 1885[n 3]. Boundaries were slightly altered in 1918 and Bristol East was abolished in a comprehensive review of the local seats for the 1950 general election.
- Political history
The most powerful representative of Bristol East in Parliament and H.M. Government was Sir Stafford Cripps, MP (Lab) 1931-1950, who was Chancellor of the Exchequer from 1947-1950. The seat shifted from Liberal Party representation through to the Labour Party with the 1918-1923 period seeing a more centrist Liberal splinter group candidate elected.
The seat was recreated in 1983 on much larger boundaries than before 1950, reflecting the lower occupation levels of the city centre and allocation of new seats elsewhere to reflect population expansion mainly in former rural and lightly-populated suburban areas.
- Political history
The 1983 election, the first in the recreated East seat, was a landslide victory for Margaret Thatcher's Conservatives following retention of the Falkland Islands in the Falklands War. Bristol East returned a Conservative MP, as Jonathan Sayeed defeated Tony Benn, the outgoing MP for Bristol South East and the leader of a large faction on the left-wing of the Labour Party. In 1992 Labour's Jean Corston gained the seat from Sayeed, which has been retained by Labour candidates at each general election since, whilst every election since except 2005, when the Liberal Democrats came second.[n 4] The 2015 result gave the seat the 42nd-smallest majority of Labour's 232 seats by percentage of majority; however, in 2017, incumbent MP Kerry McCarthy more than tripled her majority, winning the largest share of the vote in the seat's history and by the biggest margin since 1997.
Turnout has ranged between 80.3% in 1992 to 57.4% in 2001.
- Other parties
Five parties' candidates achieved more than deposit-retaining threshold of 5% of the vote in 2015. Liberal Democrat candidate Philip James won the largest third-party share of the vote to date, in the 2005 election — 25.2% of the vote.
1885-1918: The Municipal Borough of Bristol ward of South, part of North ward, and the local government district of St George.
1918-1950: The County Borough of Bristol wards of St George East and St George West, and parts of Easton, and Somerset wards.
1983-1997: The City of Bristol wards of Brislington East, Brislington West, Easton, Eastville, Hengrove, Lawrence Hill, and Stockwood.
1997-2010: The City of Bristol wards of Brislington East, Brislington West, Easton, Eastville, Lawrence Hill, St George East, St George West, and Stockwood.
2010–present: The City of Bristol wards of Brislington East, Brislington West, Frome Vale, Hillfields, St George East, St George West, and Stockwood.
The constituency covers the eastern part of the city of Bristol, from neighbourhoods of the City Centre to outer neighbourhoods (excluding surrounding settlements in local government administratively).
Members of ParliamentEdit
|1890||Sir Joseph Dodge Weston||Liberal|
|1895||Sir William Wills, Bt||Liberal|
|1918||George Britton||Coalition Liberal|
|1922||Harold Morris||National Liberal|
|1931||Sir Stafford Cripps||Labour|
|1950||constituency abolished – see Bristol South East|
Elections in the 2010sEdit
|Liberal Democrat||Nicholas Coombes|
|Liberal Democrat||Chris Lucas||1,389||2.7||-3.1|
|Liberal Democrat||Abdul Malik||2,689||5.8||−18.6|
|Liberal Democrat||Mike Popham||10,993||24.4||+4.7|
|English Democrat||Stephen Wright||347||0.8||N/A|
Elections in the 2000sEdit
|Liberal Democrat||Philip James||10,531||25.2||+8.1|
|Liberal Democrat||Brian Niblett||6,915||17.1||+2.3|
|Socialist Labour||Michael Langley||438||1.1||-0.5|
|Socialist Alliance||Andrew Pryor||331||0.8||N/A|
Elections in the 1990sEdit
|Liberal Democrat||Peter Tyzack||7,121||14.8|
|Socialist Labour||Paul Williams||766||1.6|
|Natural Law||John McLaggan||158||0.3|
|Liberal Democrat||John Francis Kiely||7,903||15.7||−4.7|
|National Front||Ian Anderson||270||0.5||−0.1|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||+6.8|
Elections in the 1980sEdit
|National Front||Philip Kingston||286||0.6||−0.1|
|National Front||Ernest Andrews||343||0.7||N/A|
|Conservative win (new seat)|
Elections in the 1940sEdit
Elections in the 1930sEdit
|National Labour||Archibald Church||15,126||40.7|
|Conservative||James Manly Spreull||19,006||49.4|
|Conservative||Peter John Feilding Chapman-Walker||7,937||25.4|
Elections in the 1920sEdit
|Liberal||Herbert John Maggs||12,143||41.8||−4.5|
|Labour gain from National Liberal||Swing||+4.0|
|National Liberal||Harold Morris||13,910||50.3||N/A|
|National Liberal gain from Coalition Liberal||Swing||N/A|
Elections in the 1910sEdit
|Coalition Liberal||George Britton||9,434||49.6|
|Coalition Liberal gain from Liberal||Swing|
Election results 1885-1918Edit
Elections in the 1880sEdit
|Conservative||James Broad Bissell||2,383||33.9||N/A|
|Liberal win (new seat)|
Elections in the 1890sEdit
|Liberal||Joseph Dodge Weston||4,775||65.6||+0.1|
|Independent Labour||Havelock Wilson||602||8.3||N/A|
|Liberal||Joseph Dodge Weston||Unopposed|
|Independent Labour||Hugh Holmes Gore[n 5]||3,558||48.8||N/A|
|Ind. Labour Party||Samuel George Hobson||1,874||31.2|
Elections in the 1900sEdit
|Liberal Unionist||Thomas Bertram Johnston||3,129||28.3||−15.3|
Elections in the 1910sEdit
|Conservative||Thomas Henry Batten||4,033||30.8||+2.5|
General Election 1914/15: Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;
Notes and referencesEdit
- A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
- See the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885
- Including two re-elections of Corston, who was later elevated to the House of Lords as Baroness Corston
- Supported by the Bristol Socialist Party and the Independent Labour Party
- "Bristol East: Usual Resident Population, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 3 February 2015.
- "England Parliamentary electorates 2010-2018". Boundary Commission for England. Retrieved 23 March 2019.
- "'Bristol East', June 1983 up to May 1997". ElectionWeb Project. Cognitive Computing Limited. Archived from the original on 11 March 2016. Retrieved 10 March 2016.
- List of Labour MPs elected in 2015 by % majority UK Political.info. Retrieved 2017-01-29
- "Bristol East 1885-1950". Hansard 1803-2005. UK Parliament. Retrieved 2 February 2015.
- "Bristol East 1983-". Hansard 1803-2005. UK Parliament. Retrieved 2 February 2015.
- Ashcroft, Esme (18 April 2017). "Bristol's four MPs will all be defending their seats in the general election". bristolpost.
- "Bristol East". BBC. Retrieved 9 June 2017.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-02-21. Retrieved 2015-02-21.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
- "Bristol East result". BBC Election 2010. BBC. 20 April 2010. Retrieved 7 May 2010.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Archived from the original on 24 July 2011. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- Cooke, Colin (1957) The Life of Richard Stafford Cripps, p.119
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
- The Liberal Year Book, 1907
- Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1886
- Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
- Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
- Standard 21 June 1913
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1885–1918, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (The Macmillan Press 1974)