Brian R. Price

Brian R. Price is an American university professor, historical fencing instructor, and member of the Society for Creative Anachronism. He taught at Hawai'i Pacific University, (where he offered courses in the history of warfare, in counterinsurgency, and in strategy at the graduate and undergraduate levels) until some time before Nov. 11, 2022, when he was not listed among the faculty there.[1] As of Nov. 10, 2022, Price is listed as "an Associate Professor in the Department of Joint Warfighting at the Air Command and Staff College", Air University at Maxwell AFB in Alabama[2]

Until his graduation from the University of North Texas and deployment to Afghanistan as part of the Human Terrain System in 2011-2012, Price was best known in the worlds of historical reenactment, medieval history, and the SCA. He manufactured replica armour and wrote the book Techniques of Medieval Armour Reproduction, which has been favorably reviewed and sold more than 20,000 copies worldwide. It was cited more than 35 times a 2012 Ph.D. dissertation by Nikolaus Dupras.[3] Price founded The Chivalry Bookshelf in 1992 to publish Chronique, the Journal of Chivalry,[4] but eventually began publishing books about Western Martial Arts, arms and armor, and the subject of chivalry.[5] The press produced twenty-six titles between 2001 and 2007 until a dispute with the authors over royalties.[6][failed verification][non-primary source needed] He and his wife Ann also jointly ran Revival Enterprises during the same period, which developed a popular line of leather and sundries for re-enactment and Western Martial Arts practitioners until they "transitioned the business in 2011 to a silent partnership."[7][non-primary source needed]

Price co-founded the American Company of Saint George, a medieval-styled "tournament society" that, together with Chronique: The Journal of Chivalry, helped to inspire many other similar tournament societies throughout North America, in Europe and in Australia. Price is a co-founder and, until a controversy in February 2011, was the president of the Schola Saint George school of Historical European martial arts.[8][9]

Since the controversies and overseas deployment in 2011-2012, Price's academic and public profile switched focus from chivalric culture to contemporary military affairs, counterinsurgency theory, and similar matters.[10]

BackgroundEdit

Price has had a varied career. From 1984 to 1990 he manufactured replica armour through a business called Thornbird Arms until he graduated from the University of California, Los Angeles with a B.A. in Political Science in 1990.[11][12] During his time in the Society for Creative Anachronism he founded two other small businesses: his small press Chivalry Bookshelf (which published new books from 2001 to 2007) and his importer of replica clothing, Revival Enterprises (still active). Although Price says that he "transitioned the (Revival Enterprises) business to a silent partnership in 2011 as interests shifted towards academia and sold it outright in January of 2012, once terms had been agreed",[13] the registration for Revival Enterprises' website was renewed with his name and Alabama address as late as April 2021.[14]

Price worked in the computer software, information technology and internet industries from 1993 to 2000.[15][non-primary source needed] In 2006 Price entered the University of North Texas to pursue a doctorate in history.

In 2011-12 he served in Afghanistan as a senior socio-cultural advisor for the Human Terrain System, working with NATO, American and Afghan forces. His work there focused on the Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF), their internal dynamics and their relationship to American and NATO forces as related to counterinsurgency theory and practice. He made use of local and oral history techniques and gathered oral histories on ANSF officers and civilians.

After receiving his PhD in May 2011[citation needed], Price began in 2012 as a Visiting Professor at Hawai'i Pacific University, teaching primarily within the graduate program for Diplomacy & Military Studies. Although his dissertation was on medieval history, his research came to focus on contemporary military affairs. As noted above, by November 2022 Price was an Associate Professor in the Department of Joint Warfighting at the Air Command and Staff College in Alabama and was no longer listed with Hawai'i Pacific University.

Western Martial ArtsEdit

Until 2011, Price was best known for his involvement in the Society for Creative Anachronism, historical reenactment, and Western Martial Arts.

Beginning about 1981,[16] Price's exposure to the Western Martial Arts developed through his participation in armored full-contact sport combat through the Society for Creative Anachronism (SCA) in Southern California, in which he participated under the SCA pseudonym of Brion Thornbird ap Rhys, eventually rising to the rank of King of the Kingdom of Caid in 1988.[17][18][19] In 1984, Price founded a small armory, Thornbird Arms, directed at the SCA's market for functional historically accurate armor, which he operated until 1990.[20] In recognition of his expertise in "armouring" and his research into the historical combat system of Fiore dei Liberi, the SCA kingdom of Ansteorra elevated Price to its "Order of the Laurel" in 1986[21] and, in 1987, he was elevated to the SCA's "Order of the Chivalry" (KSCA) for his skill in SCA Armored Combat by the reigning King and Queen of the Kingdom of Caid.[17] Price was awarded the "Queen's Cypher" and the "Princess's Favor" in 1992 by the Kingdom of the West, the "Queen's Guard – Knight Counselor" in 1998, as well as the "Defender of the West" in 2000.[22][23] Price is also a warranted Armored Combat Authorizing Marshal "At Large" of the Kingdom of Ansteorra.[24][25]

In the 1990s, Price was also instrumental in establishing the Company of Saint George, a "Tournament Company" within the SCA dedicated to staging historically accurate tournaments and pas d'armes in an SCA context.[26] In 2000, a part of the Company of Saint George developed into the Schola Saint George school of Western Martial Arts,[27] co-founded by Price and Robert Holland in Union City, California.[28] Price directed the Schola Saint George, expanding it to Texas and other regions of the United States and abroad, until his resignation as president in 2011. Currently the SSG has branches in Dallas, Atlanta, Charleston, Boston, Little Rock, Moscow, Latvia, in the San Francisco Bay Area, and in Honolulu.[citation needed]

Under Price's impetus, the Schola Saint George organized the first annual Schola Saint George Medieval Swordsmanship Symposium in May, 2001. It was one of the first conferences in the United States dedicated to bringing together scholars and practitioners of the Historical European Martial Arts, and the largest of its kind up to that time.[29]

In 2004, Price was inducted into the United States Martial Arts Hall of Fame as a Medieval Weapons Master.[16] He is also a member of the American Teachers Association of the Martial Arts.[30]

Price's writings from this period included The Book of the Tournament,[31] Historical Forms of the Tournament for SCA Combat: History, Resources, Examples,[32] and Arming Yourself in the Style of the 14th Century,[33] were written principally for the Society for Creative Anachronism (sometimes under his SCA pseudonym "Sir Brion Thornbird"[34][35]) and were sometimes published by the SCA as well.[36]

In 1996 or 1997, Price also contributed two articles, "On Chivalric Virtues" and "Winning and Losing," to Facets of Knighthood, an anthology of poetry, stories and articles concerning knighthood and chivalry edited by a fellow SCA member, "Cormac the Traveller" (a/k/a Peter Martin), and published by Outlaw Press.[15][37]

Price republished and expanded his 1991 monograph, The Book of the Tournament, as a book under his The Chivalry Bookshelf imprint in 1996[5] and, again, in 2002.[38]

In 1999, as a monograph, and, in 2001, as a book, Price published his "translation into modern English" of Ramon Lull's Book of Knighthood & Chivalry, which became widely used as a textbook.[39] The book was republished again in 2002 as a paperback by The Chivalry Bookshelf and Boydell & Brewer[40] and again in 2004 by The Chivalry Bookshelf and Greenhill Press.[41]

Price's Techniques of Medieval Armour Reproduction, was published by Paladin Press in 2000.[42] This book remains the most popular introduction to the field and has provided a springboard from which a generation of armourers working in the medieval style have emerged.

In 2001, Chivalry Bookshelf reprinted Bengt Thordeman's 1939–1940 two-volume Armour from the Battle of Wisby, 1361 as a single volume,[43][44] and Secrets of German Medieval Swordsmanship: Sigmund Ringeck's Commentaries on Johannes Liechtenauer's Verse, translated and interpreted by Christian Henry Tobler.[45] From 2001 to 2006, Chivalry Bookshelf published about 20 books by prominent members of the early historical fencing movement including William E. Wilson, Tom Leoni, Stephen Hand, and Guy Windsor until a dispute with the authors about royalties (see Controversies below). As of 2023, the most recent Chivalry Bookshelf publication was Price's Fiore dei Liberi's Sword in two hands: a full-color training guide for Medieval longsword based on Fiore dei Liberi's Fior di Battaglia.[46] In February, 2011, Price announced that "there will be no further Bookshelf titles except for my own, and there are only three of these planned, if they ever come out."

In 2002 Price also contributed an article, "In the Lists: The Arthurian Influence in Modern Tournaments of Chivalry," to an independently published anthology, King Arthur in Popular Culture, edited by Elizabeth S. Sklar and Donald L. Hoffman.[47]

In July 2010, Price published in Knight Templar Magazine, "Isn't Chivalry Dead?", a shortened version of the article he had published earlier in Chronique.[48]

In May, 2011, his dissertation, The Martial Arts of Medieval Europe, was accepted by the University of North Texas Department of History. After this date his writing changed focus.

Military Affairs and Academic HistoryEdit

From 2012 onward, Price has mainly written for professional military and academic audiences.

Price's peer-reviewed articles include "A Proposed Methodology for the Validation of Historical European Martial Arts" (Journal of Transcultural Medieval Studies, 2015), "The Resonance of History: The influence of Soviet-era mujahidin networks in eastern Afghanistan" (Army Press Online Journal, 2016), "Human Terrain at the Crossroads" (Joint Force Quarterly, 2017) and "Yron & Stele: Chivalric Ethos, Martial Pedagogy, Equipment, and Combat Technique in the Early Fourteenth-Century Middle English Version of Guy of Warwick" (Journal of Medieval Military History, 2018)[49] He contributed ten articles to the Sage Encyclopedia of War: Social Science Perspectives (Sage, 2016), that included "Afghan War," "Counterinsurgency," "Guerrilla War," "Human Terrain System," "Minerva Program," Project Camelot," "Honor," "Wars of Medieval Europe," "Military Culture," and "Multilateral Warfare." At the 2015 International Conference for the Study of Martial Arts, he offered a paper, "Aristotle and the Martial Arts of Medieval Europe: The idea of l'arte, pedagogy, and historical context in the medieval fechtbuchen [sic]."

Publications for a general audience on the middle ages from his second period include two articles for Medieval Warfare Magazine, titled "The Poleaxe and the Changing Face of Warfare" (2015) and "A Fifteenth Century Manual of War: Conrad Kyeser's Bellefortis" (2016). A variety of informal publications are available on his ResearchGate and academia.edu pages.[50][51]

According to his page on Academia.edu, he continues to work on a medium-term research project, Socio-Cultural Knowledge in Full-Spectrum Operations: From Project Camelot to the Human Terrain System, that examines the defense sector's challenges with respect to understanding local cultures in areas where the U.S. military might deploy on foreign soil.

ControversiesEdit

In 2009, Dr. Yuri Cowan, a postdoctoral Research Fellow concentrating on "nineteenth-century poetry, historiography, medievalism, and the history of the book" at Ghent University, Belgium, and a member of the William Morris Society, edited the Kelmscott edition of The Ordination of Knighthood for the "Morris Online Edition," a web-based scholarly edition of the works of William Morris published at the University of Iowa Libraries website.[52][53][54][55][56]

In the Headnote: Introduction, Cowan accused Price of plagiarizing William Morris's translation of the Ordene de chevalerie in Price's 2001 The Chivalry Bookshelf edition:[57]

But perhaps the most striking instance of the afterlife of this volume is a little book published by The Chivalry Bookshelf in 2001, entitled Ramon Lull’s Book of Knighthood and Chivalry and the anonymous Ordene [sic] de Chevalerie (“translated by William Caxton / Rendered into modern English by Brian R. Price”). This book is avowedly a work of enthusiasm by Price, who writes in his introduction that “with the growing convergence between students of chivalric lore, reenactors, Western martial artists, and medievalists – the time seems right to release this new version. I hope it brings much pleasurable contemplation and provokes thought along [sic] what it meant – and what it means – to be a knight” (iii). There is no reason why Price should have included both works together, except that William Morris had once done so in his Kelmscott edition of 1892–3. In fact, a close look at Price’s edition reveals that he has stolen Morris’ translation verbatim for the entire text of the Ordène, and gives Morris no credit whatsoever. Indeed, he does not mention Morris even once throughout his entire introduction, nor anywhere in the book [5]. Although Morris’ work is certainly in the public domain, Price’s appropriation of it without attribution is a decidedly unchivalrous piece of plagiarism. And yet this lately pirated edition, too, is an example of the long reach of Morris’ influence in unexpected places – as a translator, as a medievalist, and as a shaper of the canon.

[5] In his introduction, Price repeatedly emphasises the “anonymity” of the Ordène. It is possible that, owing to Morris’s rather medieval humility in not appending his own authorial name to the translation of the Ordène, Price understood the translation of the Ordène in the Kelmscott volume to be Caxton’s – suggesting at least that Morris’s medievalising idiom was convincing!

Whereas the cover of the book and the title page both name the book as "Ramon Lull's Book of Knighthood and Chivalry & the Anonymous Ordene de Chevalerie" without reference to any translators, and the endicia lists "Ramon Lull's Book of Knighthood and Chivalry/Translated by William Caxton/Rendered into modern English by Brian R. Price", the back of the hardcover dustjacket includes a paragraph crediting Morris as the translator of the Ordene de Chevalerie.

No mention is made of Morris's work on the Lull text, however, and the paperback edition does not mention Morris at all.[58] Further, the two were included together in this enthusiast's volume because they are discussed together in the first chapter of Maurice Keen's foundational work, Chivalry (Yale University Press, 1984), a work that provided the underpinning for many of Price's early works.

In early 2011 public allegations were made by seven authors: Dr. Jeffrey Forgeng, Guy Windsor, Dr. Steven Muhlberger, Christian Tobler, Luca Porzio, Gregory Mele and Tom Leoni (Tobler and Mele went on to create a new press, Freelance Academy Press[59]) that: royalty payments had been withheld since 2006, editorial fees had not been paid, verbal agreements had not been honoured, Tobler had not been paid his portion of foreign language rights-sales on one of his title, and that a Chivalry Bookshelf affiliated editor and co-author had been over-paid in the production of the Filippo Vadi treatise discussed above. The dispute was settled out of court, with Chivalry Bookshelf releasing all remaining product and copyright to the individual authors.[60][61]

At the same time, Chris Gilman, a California artisan, accused Price of shutting down Thornbird Arms while holding over $21,000 of deposits for product which he never delivered.[62] Dr. Douglas W. Strong, an American armour scholar, also stated that Price had accepted deposits of at least $1,500 and then failed to deliver the product or refund the money despite being repeatedly reminded of the debt over the following 20 years. This dispute was never brought to court, and in March 2011 Strong said that he had received goods in compensation for the debt.[63]

In March 2011, Will McLean, an illustrator,[64] author[65] and independent medieval scholar,[66] accused Price of plagiarizing and infringing his copyright on certain of McLean's illustrations for Dr. Elizabeth Bennett's translation of King Rene's Tournament Book by reprinting them without credit or permission in Price's Chronique No. 10 (1994).[67][68] McLean also accused Price of reprinting illustrations from a book by late British scholar Claude Blair, "one of the foremost authorities on historic European metalwork, especially arms and armour,"[69] without permission in the same volume of Chronique.

On August 7, 2009, the Secretary of State of Texas forfeited the charter of the Schola Saint George (SSG) due to SSG's failure to pay its state franchise taxes and to revive its forfeited privileges within 120 days of said forfeiture while Price was serving as its registered agent.[70] A copy of the Certificate of Forfeiture was publicly posted on February 22, 2011 during the online exchange between Price and the authors.[71] On February 25, 2011, the new president of Schola Saint George announced that Price had tendered his resignation as president for "personal reasons."[72] He remains affiliated with the school.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Faculty Directory". www.hpu.edu. Retrieved 2022-11-10.
  2. ^ "ACSC Faculty".
  3. ^ Dupras, Nickolas (November 2012). Thesis: Armourers and their Workshops: The Tools and Techniques of Late Medieval Armour Production, Volume 1, 2 (PDF). The University of Leeds, Institute for Medieval Studies. pp. 6–7.
  4. ^ "Chronique: the Journal of Chivalry. Mountain View, Calif.: B.R. Price, 1992–1999. Print". Chronique: The Journal of Chivalry. Library of Congress. 1992. ISSN 1096-5564. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  5. ^ a b "The Chivalry Bookshelf: Company History/About the Publisher". The Chivalry Bookshelf. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  6. ^ Dr. Brian R. Price, LinkedIn https://www.linkedin.com/in/drbrianrprice "New titles for the Bookshelf have been on hold since 2008, when I began my doctoral studies, but the titles remain popular and continue to sell"
  7. ^ Dr. Brian R. Price, LinkedIn https://www.linkedin.com/in/drbrianrprice Retrieved April 11, 2019 Archived at https://www.bookandsword.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/brian_r_price_linkedin_revival_enterprises.png May 2018 In addition, on 24 April 2017 the WhoIs registration for Revival Enterprises' domain revival.us was renewed with Price's name, email address, and former Texas address https://www.bookandsword.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/whois_revival_us_may_2018.png It was updated with Price's new Alamaba address in April 2021 (search whois revival.us on a Linux terminal or https://www.whois.com/whois/revival.us)
  8. ^ "Chivalric Martial Arts | United States | SSG Home". schola.
  9. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20120225164400/https://www.scholasaintgeorge.org/index.php?Itemid=90&option=com_content&id=227%3Aannouncement-by-colin-gabriel-hatcher-newly-elected-president-of-the-schola-saint-george&catid=60%3Amartial-arts-news&view=article "25 February 2011. To all interested persons: For personal reasons the founder and President of the Schola Saint George, Brian Price, has tendered his resignation to the Schola Saint George Board of Directors. The resignation follows posts in public internet forums in which questionable business practices have been alleged against Brian. As a result of these allegations, and because of the need to address these issues privately, Brian has elected to depart from the Schola Saint George, lest the Schola’s members be adversely affected by association with the personal and business disputes Brian now finds himself involved in."
  10. ^ Graduate Student- Brian R. Price. University of North Texas, June 23, 2010 https://web.archive.org/web/20100623000931/http://military.hist.unt.edu/grad/price.html "At UNT his major fields of study revolve around medieval and early Renaissance chivalric culture ... Mr. Price is also known for his interest in the experience of the American military."
  11. ^ "Thornbird Arms". Chronique: Knighthood, Chivalry & Tournaments Library. Online. Archived from the original on 2011-07-08. Retrieved April 26, 2011.
  12. ^ Mondschein, Ken (2005). "An Interview With Armorer Brian Price". Renaissance Magazine. Vol. 9 #5, no. 39.
  13. ^ https://www.linkedin.com/in/drbrianrprice/ (retrieved 3 January 2023)
  14. ^ https://www.whois.com/whois/revival.us (retrieved 3 January 2023)
  15. ^ a b "Brian R. Price LinkedIn Profile". LinkedIn. Retrieved April 23, 2011.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)[dead link]
  16. ^ a b "US Martial Arts Hall of Fame Inductees, 2004". Archived from the original on 2010-11-14. Retrieved 2011-03-15.
  17. ^ a b "Brion Thornbird ap Rhys" in Compendium Caidis
  18. ^ "Brion Thornbird ap Rhys". History of the Kingdom of the West. Archived from the original on September 29, 2011. Retrieved May 2, 2011.
  19. ^ "Brion Thornbird ap Rhys and Alysandra the Whyte Moor, Crowned June 4, AS XXIII, 1988 CE". History of the Kingdom of CAID. Retrieved May 2, 2011.
  20. ^ Thornbird Arms Archived 2011-07-08 at the Wayback Machine at Knighthood, Chivalry & Tournaments Library
  21. ^ "Ansteorran Laurels". Archived from the original on 2012-03-23. Retrieved 2011-03-15.
  22. ^ "Who's Who in The History of the Kingdom of the West". History of the Kingdom of the West. Archived from the original on September 29, 2011. Retrieved May 2, 2011.
  23. ^ "West Kingdom College of Heralds: Awards and Honors". West Kingdom College of Heralds. Archived from the original on July 21, 2011. Retrieved May 2, 2011.
  24. ^ "Kingdom of Ansteorra Marshallate – Warranted". Kingdom of Ansteorra Marshallate. Archived from the original on August 20, 2011. Retrieved May 2, 2011.
  25. ^ "Kingdom of Ansteorra Armored Combat Authoriszing Marshals". Kingdom of Ansteorra Marshallate. Archived from the original on June 30, 2011. Retrieved May 2, 2011.
  26. ^ "The Company of Saint George". Archived from the original on 2011-05-14. Retrieved 2011-03-15.
  27. ^ "Western Circle of Swordfighters: Member Profiles Sir Michael".
  28. ^ SSG SF Bay Area Branch Archived 2011-07-18 at the Wayback Machine at Schola Saint George website
  29. ^ Schola St. George Medieval Swordsmanship Symposium 2001 at The Association for Renaissance Martial Arts webpage. Accessed April 5, 2011.
  30. ^ "SSG – Our Instructors". Archived from the original on 2011-07-18. Retrieved 2011-03-15.
  31. ^ The Book of the Tournament. 1st. Chicago Spectrum Press, 1991. Print. Library of Congress. 1991. ISBN 978-1-886094-23-9. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  32. ^ Sir Brion Thornbird. Historical Forms of the Tournament for SCA Combat: History, Resources, Examples. "Prepared for the Collegium Occidentalis, Kingdom of the West, Spring 1992". Mountain View, Calif.: B.R. Price, 1992. Print. Library of Congress. 1992. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  33. ^ Arming Yourself in the Style of the 14th Century. Mountain View, Calif.: B. R. Price, 1996. Print. WorldCat. OCLC 51181971.
  34. ^ Thornbird, Sir Brion. Historical Forms of the Tournament for SCA Combat: History, Resources, Examples. "Prepared for the Collegium Occidentalis, Kingdom of the West, Spring 1992". Mountain View, Calif.: B.R. Price, 1992. Print. Library of Congress. 1992. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  35. ^ "The Book of the Tournament/Brian R. Price a.k.a. Brion Thornbird". U.S. Copyright Office. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  36. ^ The Best of Chronique, the Journal of Chivalry (Compleat Anachronist, no. 73). Milpitas, CA: Society for Creative Anachronism, 1994. Print. WorldCat. OCLC 695111165.
  37. ^ "Knighthood, by "AElflaed of Duckford"". Sandra Dodd. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  38. ^ The Book of the Tournament. Union City, Calif.: The Chivalry Bookshelf, 2002. Print. WorldCat. 2002. ISBN 978-1-891448-00-3. OCLC 52890357.
  39. ^ Ramon Lull's Book of Knighthood & Chivalry with the Ordene de Chevalerie. Ramon Llull; Brian R Price, tr. Union City, Calif.: The Chivalry Bookshelf, 2001. Print. WorldCat. July 2001. ISBN 978-1-891448-03-4. OCLC 84254419.
  40. ^ Ramon Lull's Book of Knighthood & Chivalry with the Ordene de Chevalerie. Ramon Llull; Brian R Price, tr. Woodbridge, Boydell & Brewer, 2002. Print. WorldCat. July 2001. ISBN 978-1-891448-03-4. OCLC 640537120.
  41. ^ Ramon Lull's Book of Knighthood & Chivalry with the Ordene de Chevalerie. Ramon Llull; Brian R Price, tr. London: Greenhill Press, 2004. Print. Library of Congress. 2004. ISBN 9781891448423. OCLC 53709327. Retrieved April 25, 2011.
  42. ^ Foreword by David Edge; contributions by Alan Williams. Techniques of Medieval Armour Reproduction: the 14th Century. Boulder, CO: Paladin Press, 2000. Print. WorldCat. 2000. ISBN 978-1-58160-098-8. OCLC 46972120.
  43. ^ Armour from the Battle of Wisby, 1361. Union City, Calif.: The Chivalry Bookshelf, 2002. Print. WorldCat. 2001. ISBN 978-1-891448-05-8. OCLC 491611117.
  44. ^ "Armour from the Battle of Wisby, 1361. Stockholm: Almqvist och Wiksell: ill, 1939–1940. 2 vol. Print". Library of Congress. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  45. ^ Tobler, Christian Henry. Secrets of German Medieval Swordsmanship: Sigmund Ringeck's Commentaries on Johannes Liechtenauer's Verse. Union City, Calif.: The Chivalry Bookshelf, 2001. Print. Library of Congress. 2001. ISBN 978-1-891448-07-2. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  46. ^ Fiore dei Liberi's Sword in two hands: a full-color training guide for Medieval longsword based on Fiore dei Liberi's Fior de Battaglia. Highland Village, TX: The Chivalry Bookshelf, 2007. Print. WorldCat. 2007-08-14. ISBN 978-1-891448-13-3. OCLC 188047309.
  47. ^ Sklar, Elizabeth S. and Donald L. Hoffman. King Arthur in Popular Culture. Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland, 2002. Print. Library of Congress. 2002-03-20. ISBN 978-0-7864-1257-0. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  48. ^ "'"Isn't Chivalry Dead?". Knight Templar Magazine, July, 2010, pp. 34–35. Online". Knight Templar Magazine. Retrieved April 25, 2011.
  49. ^ Price, Brian R. (2018). "Yron & Stele: Chivalric Ethos, Martial Pedagogy, Equipment, and Combat Technique in the Early Fourteenth-Century Middle English Version of Guy of Warwick". Journal of Medieval Military History. pp. 159–188. doi:10.1017/9781787442436.008. ISBN 9781787442436. S2CID 216891291.
  50. ^ "Brian PRICE | Professor (Associate) | Ph.D. History - University of North Texas; BA International Relations, UCLA | Air University, Maxwell | Dept of Joint Warfighting | Research profile".
  51. ^ "Brian R Price | Air University - Academia.edu".
  52. ^ "Yuri Cowan Research Staff Profile". Universiteit Gent. Archived from the original on October 12, 2011. Retrieved May 3, 2011.
  53. ^ "Yuri Cowan Research on Authorship as Performance Profile". Universiteit Gent. Archived from the original on September 13, 2012. Retrieved May 3, 2011.
  54. ^ "William Morris Society". William Morris Society. Retrieved May 3, 2011.
  55. ^ ""The Ordination of Knighthood", translated by William Morris, Ed. by Yuri Cowan, Morris Online Edition, 2009. Online". University of Iowa Libraries. Retrieved May 3, 2011.
  56. ^ Cowan, Yuri (2009). "The Ordination of Knighthood", translated by William Morris, Ed. by Yuri Cowan, Morris Online Edition, 2009. Record ID 1171769. Ghent University Academic Bibliography & Institutional Repository. hdl:1854/LU-1171769.
  57. ^ ""Headnote / Introduction": "The Ordination of Knighthood", translated by William Morris, Ed. by Yuri Cowan, Morris Online Edition, 2009. Online". University of Iowa Libraries. Retrieved May 3, 2011.
  58. ^ Ramon Lull’s Book of Knighthood and Chivalry and the anonymous Ordene de Chevalerie, Brian R. Price (Ed.). The Chivalry Bookshelf, s.l., 2001. ISBN 1-891448-03-X.
  59. ^ "Home". freelanceacademypress.com.
  60. ^ ""The Sword in Two Hands by Brian Price" review wan - the Armour Archive".
  61. ^ "Creator-Owned Titles: Chivalry Bookshelf - Author Settlement - the Armour Archive".
  62. ^ http://forums.armourarchive.org/phpBB3/viewtopic.php?f=2&t=129990&p=1928661 Gilman's personal website is https://diligentdwarves.blogspot.com/
  63. ^ http://forums.armourarchive.org/phpBB3/viewtopic.php?f=2&t=129990&start=700 "Today, Brian's compensation for the armour owed to me but never delivered arrived. I have several cases of books. ... Brian's debt to me for this armour is settled."
  64. ^ "Gygax,Gary; illustrations by David C. Sutherland III, D.A. Trampier, Darlene Pekul, Will McLean, David S. LaForce, and Erol Otus. Advanced Dungeons & Dragons, Dungeon Masters Guide: Special Reference Work. Lake Geneva, WI: Random House, 1979". Library of Congress. Retrieved May 3, 2011. ISBN 0-935696-02-4. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  65. ^ "Forgeng, Jeffrey L. and Will McLean. Daily life in Chaucer's England, 2d ed. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2009". Library of Congress. Retrieved May 3, 2011. ISBN 978-0-313-35951-4
  66. ^ "McLean, Will. "Outrance and Plaisance." Journal of Medieval Military History, Vol. VIII. Ed., Clifford J. Rogers, Kelly DeVries and John France. Rochester, NY: Boydell Press, 2010". De Re Militari. Retrieved May 3, 2011. ISBN 978-1-84383-596-7
  67. ^ Post to The Sword in Two Hands by Brian Price review wanted thread in the Armour Archive Forum. Will McLean, a/k/a "Galleron, March 2, 2011, p. 9. Online". Armour Archive Forum. Retrieved May 3, 2011.
  68. ^ Elizabeth Bennet, King René's Tournament Book: A Modern English Translation https://www.princeton.edu/~ezb/rene/renehome.html
  69. ^ Sally Badham, "Claude Blair Obituary." The Guardian, Friday 12 March 2010
  70. ^ "Forfeiture pursuant to Section 171.309 of the Texas Tax Code of SCHOLA SAINT GEORGE, Ltd., INC. File Number 800653339 7 August 2009 http://forums.armourarchive.org/phpBB3/download/file.php?id=37011
  71. ^ "The Sword in Two Hands by Brian Price" review wan http://forums.armourarchive.org/phpBB3/viewtopic.php?f=2&t=129990&p=1925103&hilit=charter#p1925103
  72. ^ Colin Hatcher, "Announcement by Colin Gabriel Hatcher, newly elected President of the Schola Saint George," 25 February 2011 https://web.archive.org/web/20120225164400/https://www.scholasaintgeorge.org/index.php?Itemid=90&option=com_content&id=227%3Aannouncement-by-colin-gabriel-hatcher-newly-elected-president-of-the-schola-saint-george&catid=60%3Amartial-arts-news&view=article

External linksEdit