Breede Valley Local Municipality

Breede Valley Municipality is a local municipality located within the Cape Winelands District Municipality, in the Western Cape province of South Africa. As of 2007, it had a population of 166,825.[2] Its municipality code is WC025.

Breede Valley
Breedevallei
Official seal of Breede Valley
The Breede Valley Local Municipality is located east of Cape Town in the Cape Winelands District Municipality.
Location in the Western Cape
Coordinates: 33°40′S 19°30′E / 33.667°S 19.500°E / -33.667; 19.500Coordinates: 33°40′S 19°30′E / 33.667°S 19.500°E / -33.667; 19.500
CountrySouth Africa
ProvinceWestern Cape
DistrictCape Winelands
SeatWorcester
Wards21
Government
 • TypeMunicipal council
 • MayorAntoinette Steyn (DA)
Area
 • Total3,833 km2 (1,480 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)[2]
 • Total166,825
 • Density44/km2 (110/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)
 • Black African24.3%
 • Coloured63.3%
 • Indian/Asian0.6%
 • White10.7%
First languages (2011)
 • Afrikaans76.0%
 • Xhosa16.1%
 • English2.9%
 • Sotho2.7%
 • Other2.3%
Time zoneUTC+2 (SAST)
Municipal codeWC025

GeographyEdit

The municipality covers a total area of 3,833 square kilometres (1,480 sq mi). It includes a middle section of the Breede River Valley around the town of Worcester, and stretches up the Hex River valley to the edge of the Karoo. It abuts on the Witzenberg Municipality to the north, the Laingsburg Municipality to the east, the Langeberg Municipality to the southeast, the Theewaterskloof Municipality to the south, the Stellenbosch Municipality to the southwest and the Drakenstein Municipality to the west.

According to the 2011 census the municipality has a population of 166,825 people in 42,527 households. Of this population, 63.3% describe themselves as "Coloured", 24.3% as "Black African", and 10.7% as "White". The first language of 76.0% of the population is Afrikaans, while 16.1% speak Xhosa, 2.9% speak English and 2.7% speak Sotho.[4]

Most of the residents of the municipality live in Worcester, which as of 2011 has a population of 97,078.[5] Other towns in the municipality are Rawsonville (pop. 3,099) close to Worcester in the Breede Valley; De Doorns (pop. 11,278) in the Hex River Valley; and Touws River (pop. 8,126) on the edge of the Karoo.

HistoryEdit

At the end of the apartheid era, the area that is today the Breede Valley Municipality formed part of the Breërivier Regional Services Council (RSC). The towns of Worcester, Rawsonville, De Doorns and Touws River were governed by municipal councils elected by their white residents. The coloured residents of Worcester, De Doorns and Touws River were governed by management committees subordinate to the white councils. Zweletemba was governed by a town council established under the Black Local Authorities Act, 1982.

While the negotiations to end apartheid were taking place a process was established for local authorities to agree on voluntary mergers. In January 1993, the Municipality of Worcester and the Worcester Management Committee merged into a single municipal council. Similar mergers occurred in De Doorns in June 1993 and Touws River in October 1993.

After the national elections of 1994 a process of local government transformation began, in which negotiations were held between the existing local authorities, political parties, and local community organisations. As a result of these negotiations, the existing local authorities were dissolved and transitional local councils (TLCs) were created for each town and village. In October 1994 the Municipality of Worcester and the Zweletemba Town Council were replaced by the Worcester TLC. In December the Municipality of Touws River was replaced by the Touws River TLC; and in January 1995 the municipalities of De Doorns and Rawsonville were both replaced by TLCs.

The transitional councils were initially made up of members nominated by the various parties to the negotiations, until May 1996 when elections were held. At these elections the Breërivier District Council was established, replacing the Breërivier RSC. Transitional representative councils (TRCs) were also elected to represent rural areas outside the TLCs on the District Council; the area that was to become Breede Valley Municipality included most of the Matroosberg TRC.

At the local elections of December 2000 the TLCs and TRCs were dissolved and the Breede Valley Municipality was established as a single local authority. At the same election the Breërivier District Council was also dissolved and replaced by the Boland District Municipality. In 2011 when District Management Areas were abolished, the eastern boundary of the municipality was extended to include the sparsely populated region to the east of Touws River which had formerly been part of a DMA.

PoliticsEdit

The municipal council consists of forty-one members elected by mixed-member proportional representation. Twenty-one councillors are elected by first-past-the-post voting in twenty-one wards, while the remaining twenty are chosen from party lists so that the total number of party representatives is proportional to the number of votes received. In the election of 3 August 2016 the Democratic Alliance (DA) obtained a majority of twenty-two seats on the council.

The following table shows the results of the 2016 election.[6][7][8]

Party Votes Seats
Ward List Total % Ward List Total
Democratic Alliance 24,696 24,917 49,613 54.1 15 7 22
ANC 13,691 13,719 27,410 29.9 6 6 12
Breedevallei Onafhanklik 3,941 3,872 7,813 8.5 0 4 4
EFF 1,278 1,280 2,558 2.8 0 1 1
Freedom Front Plus 528 472 1,000 1.1 0 1 1
People's Democratic Movement 464 389 853 0.9 0 1 1
ACDP 382 390 772 0.8 0 0 0
Civic Independent 295 231 526 0.6 0 0 0
COPE 206 278 484 0.5 0 0 0
Independent 251 251 0.3 0 0
UDM 90 113 203 0.2 0 0 0
Patriotic Alliance 23 87 110 0.1 0 0 0
Independent Civic Organisation 35 46 81 0.1 0 0 0
Total 45,880 45,794 91,674 21 20 41
Valid votes 45,880 45,794 91,674 98.9
Spoilt votes 512 535 1,047 1.1
Total votes cast 46,392 46,329 92,721
Total voter turnout 46,440
Registered voters 77,483
Turnout percentage 59.9

The local council sends five representatives to the council of the Cape Winelands District Municipality: three from the Democratic Alliance and one each from the African National Congress and Breedevallei Onafhanklik.[9]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Contact list: Executive Mayors". Government Communication & Information System. Archived from the original on 14 July 2010. Retrieved 22 February 2012.
  2. ^ a b c "Statistics by place". Statistics South Africa. Retrieved 27 September 2015.
  3. ^ "Statistics by place". Statistics South Africa. Retrieved 27 September 2015.
  4. ^ "Breede Valley Local Municipality". Census 2011.
  5. ^ Sum of the Main Places Zweletemba and Worcester from Census 2011.
  6. ^ "Results Summary – All Ballots: Breede Valley" (PDF). Independent Electoral Commission. Retrieved 24 May 2017.
  7. ^ "Seat Calculation Detail: Breede Valley" (PDF). Independent Electoral Commission. Retrieved 24 May 2017.
  8. ^ "Voter Turnout Report: Breede Valley" (PDF). Electoral Commission. Retrieved 27 May 2017.
  9. ^ "Political composition of councils February 2017" (PDF). Western Cape Department of Local Government. February 2017. Retrieved 24 May 2017.

External linksEdit