Brahmani (Sanskrit: ब्रह्माणी, IAST: Brahmāṇī) or Brahmi (Sanskrit: ब्राह्मी, IAST: Brāhmī), is one of the Sapt Matrika (seven Mother) Goddesses called Matrikas.[1][2] She is a form of Gayatri and is considered as the Shakti of the creator god Brahma in Hinduism.

Warrior form of Gayatri or Saraswati
1 Brahmani-matrika-devi.jpg
Brahmani depicted as feminine version of Brahma
AffiliationAvatar of Adi Parashakti, (Durga), Parvati, Shakti, Devi, Matrika, and also Warrior Gayatri / Saraswati
AbodeKailash, Brahmaloka
ConsortShiva as Asitanga Bhairava or Brahma

She is an aspect of Adi Shakti, possessing the "Rajas Guna" and therefore is the source of Brahma's power.


The Goddess Ambika (identified with Durga or Chandi) leading the Eight Matrikas in battle (top row, from the left) Narasinhmi, Vaishnavi, Kaumari, Maheshvari, Brahmani. (bottom row, from left) Varahi, Aindri and Chamunda or Kali against the Rakshasa Raktabija. A Folio from a Devi Mahatmya. Devi Brahmani is depicted as riding on a white swan in the battle with sword and shield in her arms.

She is depicted yellow in colour and with four heads. She may be depicted with four or six arms. Like Brahma, she holds a rosary or noose and kamandalu (water pot) or lotus stalk or , bells , vedas and trident and is seated on a hamsa (identified with a swan or goose) as her vahana (mount or vehicle). She is also shown seated on a lotus with the hamsa on her banner. She wears various ornaments and is distinguished by her basket-shaped crown called karaṇḍa mukuṭa. She is shown riding a white swan, as here vahana.


She is "Kuldevi" of Vankar(Weaver), Prajapati (KumBhaar), and other communities of Rajasthan and Kutch like Dodiya Rajputs and KGK Community.[3]

Brahmani temples in IndiaEdit

These include:

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Dictionary of Hindu Lore and Legend (ISBN 0-500-51088-1) by Anna Dallapiccola
  2. ^ Hindu Goddesses: Vision of the Divine Feminine in the Hindu Religious Traditions (ISBN 81-208-0379-5) by David Kinsley
  3. ^ a b Kutch Gurjar Kshatriyas : A brief History & Glory: by Raja Pawan Jethwa. (2007) Calcutta.Section IV Kuldevi names
  4. ^ The Brahmani Mataji Temple, Baran
  5. ^ "Hanumangarh, Brahmani Temple". Archived from the original on 2011-10-03. Retrieved 2011-06-09.
  6. ^ "पल्लू में मां ब्रह्माणी के मंदिर में श्रद्धालुओं ने लगाई सप्तमी की धोक, मेला आज". Dainik Bhaskar (in Hindi). 17 October 2018. Retrieved 13 April 2019.
  7. ^ Story of Brahmani Mata Temple at Ballia, video
  8. ^ Brahmani Mata, a small, modest temple in a small cluster of buildings, with a tea stall and a pool with freezing cold water where devout pilgrims bathe at Bharmour
  9. ^ Brahmani Mataji Temple at Dinghucha
  10. ^ "यहां होती है देवी की पीठ की पूजा, पीठ सिंदूर और कनेर के पत्तों से होता है शृंगार". Dainik Bhaskar (in Hindi). 15 April 2016. Retrieved 13 April 2019.