Baran, Rajasthan

Baran, is a city in Baran district of the Indian state of Rajasthan. It is a municipality and the district headquarters of Baran district,[1][2] famous for its 11th century Bhand Deva Temple on banks of Ramgarh crater. It is 339 km from the state capital Jaipur near Kota city. Three large rivers, Parban, Parbati, and Kalisindh, flow through the district.

Baran
Baran is located in Rajasthan
Baran
Baran
Location in Rajasthan, India
Baran is located in India
Baran
Baran
Baran (India)
Coordinates: 25°06′N 76°31′E / 25.1°N 76.52°E / 25.1; 76.52Coordinates: 25°06′N 76°31′E / 25.1°N 76.52°E / 25.1; 76.52
CountryIndia
StateRajasthan
DistrictBaran
Area
 • Total72.36 km2 (27.94 sq mi)
Elevation
262 m (860 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total117,992
 • Density1,600/km2 (4,200/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialHindi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
325205
Telephone code07453
Vehicle registrationRJ-28
Websitebaran.rajasthan.gov.in

Baran district has seven tehsils; Shahabad, Atru, Chhabra, Kishangang, Mangrol, Chhipabarod and Antah.

HistoryEdit

The old name of Baran is Varah Nagari and Annpurna Nagari. During the Gupta Empire and later, it was under the rule of Yaudheya rulers and Tomar rulers, ruling from Baran kot in modern Bulandshahar in Uttar Pradesh. There's a caste called Baranwal descended from these rulers and their soldiers. By the 17th century, Mughals gained control over the city. The Shahbad Fort of Baran was built by the Mughals and even Aurangzeb visited the fort. It is a city located in southeastern Rajasthan, a state in northern India. Baran was one of the districts in the new joint Rajasthan, that was formed on April 10, 1948. The district was named after Baran city. It is located about 300 kilometres south of the state capital, Jaipur.[2]

GeographyEdit

Baran is located at 25°06′N 76°31′E / 25.1°N 76.52°E / 25.1; 76.52.[3] It has an average elevation of 262 metres (859 feet). It is surrounded by three Rivers Kalisindh, Parvati and Parban. And the city is situated on the Border of Rajasthan and MP.

ClimateEdit

The city has a dry climate except in the monsoon seasons. The winter season runs from mid of November to February and summer season runs from March to mid of June. The period from mid of June to September is the monsoon season followed by the months October to mid of November constitute the post-monsoon or the retreating monsoon. The average rainfall in the district is 895.2 mm. January is the coldest month with the average daily maximum temperature of 24.3 °C and the average daily minimum temperature of 10.6 °C.

CultureEdit

As Rajasthan is well known for its culture and heritage, tej-tyohaars (festivals), gangour-gyaras "rang-rangelo rajasthan", Baran is famous for its special carnival or fair named doll mela, which is celebrated for 15 to 20 days after doll gyaras.

TransportEdit

The city is connected with neighbouring districts and with major cities outside the state.

RoadEdit

National Highway No. 76 (now National Highway No. 27) passes through the district. National Highway No. 76 (now National Highway No. 27) is a part of East-West Corridor.

TrainEdit

Baran station is situated on Kota-Bina section of Western Central Railways. It is about 67 km from Kota Junction.

AirEdit

The nearest major airports are located at Jaipur International Airport, Udaipur Airport, and Jodhpur Airport. These airports connect Rajasthan with the major cities of India such as Delhi and Mumbai.

TourismEdit

Fort of Shergarh , Ramgarh crater, and Kapildhara waterfall attracts many tourist every year. Moreover Sitabadi (Kailvada) is a Hindu religious place (pilgrim) in Baran with many pure cisterns. It is considered that goddess Sita stayed there during her vanvaas and the place is considered for the birth of Luv-kush (sons of lord Ram).

Hadouti Panorama complexEdit

Hadouti Panorama complex has been built in village Gajanpura near to Baran, to showcase the history of (hadoti). Red stone of Mount Banshipur of Karauli and White stone of Bundi are used as building material. Jharokha and Chatri are built by craftsman from Karauli. History and contribution in development of four districts Kota, Bundi, Jhalawar and Baran will be displayed. District's historical places like Kakoni , Bilasgarh, Bhand-Devra, Gargach Temple and Forts of Hadoti, will be showcased. In compound hall thematic audio and video are availed to the public.[4]

CuisineEdit

Typical dishes include Dal Baati Churma, Roti (chapati), and samosas.

Also seeEdit

Chhabra city, Rajasthan.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "District Census Handbook - Baran" (PDF). Census of India. pp. 11, 24. Retrieved 19 January 2015.
  2. ^ a b "Home". rajasthan.gov.in.
  3. ^ "Maps, Weather, and Airports for Baran, India". fallingrain.com.
  4. ^ News Network, Bhaskar (9 July 2018). "हाड़ौती का वैभव देखना है तो बारां आइए...पैनोरमा तैयार, इसी माह से डिस्प्ले". www.bhaskar.com.