Bowhill House is a historic house near Bowhill at Selkirk in the Scottish Borders area of Scotland. It is a member of the Historic Houses Association, and is one of the homes of the Duke of Buccleuch. The house is protected as a Category A listed building, and the grounds are listed on the Inventory of Gardens and Designed Landscapes in Scotland.
Bowhill was built in 1708 by John, Lord Bowhill. His brother William Murray had bought the land earlier in 1690. In 1747, Francis Scott, 2nd Duke of Buccleuch, bought Bowhill for his son Lord Charles Scott who wanted to stand for Parliament in Roxburgh or Selkirk.
In 1767, Henry, the third Duke, started to plant forests in the grounds, and in 1800, the 4th Duke Charles started to revamp what was an occasional summer house and turned it into a villa with gallery hall. The Buccleagh art collection was created as Charles and Elizabeth brought together the three family heritahes of Montagu, Douglas and Scott.
Walter, 5th Duke, made many changes and, in 1831, moved the entrance from south to north. The building was finally completed in 1876 when it was 437 feet (133 m) long.
Bowhill House is one of the homes of the huge private art collection. In the dining room are works by Canaletto, Gainsborough, and Reynolds. The collection has been gathered over 600 years and it includes 1,000 miniatures and 500 paintings as well as objets d'art. The Buccleuch collection of miniatures is said to second only to the Royal Collection. The whole collection is exhibited at three locations: Bowhill, Drumlanrig Castle and Boughton House.
The gardens and the house are open to the public. The facilities include walks and an adventure playground.
- Historic Environment Scotland. "BOWHILL (Category A Listed Building) (LB15196)". Retrieved 2 January 2019.
- Historic Environment Scotland. "BOWHILL (GDL00065)". Retrieved 2 January 2019.
- Buccleuch, Richard (2018). Bowhill: The House, Its People and Its Paintings. Caique Publishing Limited. ISBN 978-0-9957566-1-8.
- "The Buccleuch Art Collection". Buccleuch Living Heritage Trust. Retrieved 2021-08-27.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bowhill House.|
- Bowhill House website
- Historic Environment Scotland. "Bowhill, Country House (54280)". Canmore.
- Historic Environment Scotland. "Bowhill, Gardens and Grounds (255519)". Canmore.
- SCRAN: Aerial View of Bowhill (Home of the Buccleuchs) (silent videoclip)
- Gazetteer for Scotland: Bowhill Estate
- Bowhill House Scottish Borders Heritage: Bowhill House
- Bowhill House: Member of Historic Houses Association