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Bowerham Barracks was a military installation in Lancaster.

Bowerham Barracks
Lancaster
Bowerham Barracks.jpg
Bowerham Barracks
Bowerham Barracks is located in Lancashire
Bowerham Barracks
Bowerham Barracks
Location within Lancashire
Coordinates54°02′34″N 2°47′11″W / 54.042841°N 2.786353°W / 54.042841; -2.786353Coordinates: 54°02′34″N 2°47′11″W / 54.042841°N 2.786353°W / 54.042841; -2.786353
TypeBarracks
Site information
OwnerMinistry of Defence
Operator British Army
Site history
Built1876–1880
Built forWar Office
In use1880-1959
Garrison information
OccupantsKing's Own Royal Regiment (Lancaster)

HistoryEdit

The barracks were built in the Fortress Gothic Revival Style between 1876 and 1880 on the former Bowerham Estate as the depot for the two battalions of the 4th (King's Own) Regiment of Foot.[1] Their creation took place as part of the Cardwell Reforms which encouraged the localisation of British military forces.[2] Following the Childers Reforms, the 4th Regiment of Foot evolved to become the King's Own Royal Regiment (Lancaster) with its depot at the barracks in 1881.[3]

The Auxiliary Territorial Service used the barracks for training and accommodation during the Second World War.[1] The King's Own Royal Regiment (Lancaster) was amalgamated with the Border Regiment to form the King's Own Royal Border Regiment and the barracks closed in 1959.[1] Although much of the barracks were demolished, the keep was retained and incorporated into the design of St Martin's College which opened in 1967: the site has formed the Lancaster Campus of the University of Cumbria since 2007.[4]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "Army: King's Own Royal Regiment, Lancaster - Regimental Depot". BBC. Retrieved 9 November 2014.
  2. ^ "Echoes of the past in these Army cuts". 8 July 2012. Retrieved 13 November 2014.
  3. ^ "Training Depots". Regiments.org. Archived from the original on 10 February 2006. Retrieved 16 October 2016.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  4. ^ "University of Cumbria, Lancaster – Residential or host family accommodation". MLI International Schools. Archived from the original on 9 November 2014. Retrieved 9 November 2014.