The village name is a combination of Brythonic and Old English words for 'hill' (Brythonic: breg, Anglo Saxon hyll). The prefix 'Bow' comes from an Anglo Saxon personal name, Bolla. The various names of the village given in historic records were Brichelle (11th century); Brichull (12th century); Bolle Brichulle, Bellebrikhulle (13th century)., Bolbrykhull  Bolbryghyll (15th century, 1418)
The Church of England parish church of All Saints stands apart from the rest of the village, on the side of a steep hill. The church probably dates from the 12th century but heavy remodelling in the 15th century obliterated most of the earlier details. The church was extensively restored by Browne Willis in 1757.
- Neighbourhood Statistics 2011, Accessed 3 February 2013
- Parishes in Milton Keynes Archived 2009-06-08 at the Wayback Machine. - Milton Keynes Council.
- 'Parishes : Bow Brickhill' - Victoria History of the Counties of England A History of the County of Buckingham: Volume 4 (1927), pp. 289-293. Date accessed: 21 December 2009.
- Plea Rolls of the Court of Common Pleas. National Archives; CP 40/541; year 1396; http://aalt.law.uh.edu/AALT6/R2/CP40no541a/aCP40no541afronts/IMG_0382.htm; third entry: William Cheval, as defendant
- Plea Rolls of the Court of Common Pleas. National Archives; CP 40/629; http://aalt.law.uh.edu/H5/CP40no629/bCP40no629dorses/IMG_1706.htm; 5th entry, home of William Chevall, the first defendant, in a plea of debt, in Latin