Bosniaks of Slovenia

Bosniaks are an ethnic group living in Slovenia. According to the last census from 2002, the total number of Bosniaks in Slovenia was 21,542 as they comprised 1.6% of the total population of Slovenia. According to the last census, they are the third largest minority ethnic group in Slovenia, after Serbs and Croats.

Bosniaks in Slovenia
Bošnjaki v Sloveniji
Bošnjaci u Sloveniji
Total population
21,542 (2002)
Regions with significant populations
Ljubljana, Jesenice
Languages
Bosnian
Religion
Predominantly Sunni Islam, minority irreligion
Related ethnic groups
Other Bosniaks, Slovenes and other South Slavic peoples

GeographyEdit

Bosniaks in Slovenia primarily live in the capital city of Slovenia; Ljubljana. There are dispersed populations of Bosniaks living in various cities and towns in Slovenia, though most choose to live in Ljubljana. Many Bosniaks have left Slovenia for other Western countries and Bosnia.[1] Bosniaks make up a tiny percentage of Slovenia's population, however today, many Bosniaks have retained their identity and culture.[1]

HistoryEdit

 
The first Bosniak mosque in Slovenia was built in 1916 in Log pod Mangartom on the slopes of the Alps.

During the First World War, a Bosniak regiment made up primarily of Bosnian Muslims were sent to fight on the Italian front.[2] One of the soldiers who fought there was a boy called Elez Dervišević, the youngest soldier to fight in the Soca battle in World War I.[2] Elez was 11 years old when he served in the Austro-Hungarian Army. In Log pod Mangartom there is a statue of Elez's father dedicated to him.[2]

Many Bosniaks have emigrated to Slovenia from their native Bosnia since the 1960s, primarily due to economic factors and chances for better employment. At the time, it was noted that most of the general Slovenian population looked down on their neighbors from other Yugoslav republics, but among others, Bosniaks and Serbs were the most disliked and unwelcomed.[1] This mindset would continue well after the break-up of Yugoslavia, as Slovenia was the only member-country of the EU to oppose Croatia's EU bid,[3] despite of the fact that Croats and Slovenes have historically shared the most cultural and traditional values than any other southern Slavic nations (such as the fact that they were the only predominant Catholic nations in the former Yugoslavia).[4][5] Slovenians grouped Bosniaks with Serbians, Croatians and Macedonians. These groups were often called južnjaki (southerners), ta spodni (those from down there), čefurj and Švedi (Swedes), all had negative connotations.[1]

ReligionEdit

Today, the majority of Bosniaks are predominantly Sunni Muslim and adhere to the Hanafi school of thought, or law, the largest and oldest school of Islamic law in jurisprudence within Sunni Islam.[6]

Notable peopleEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d Kalčić, Špela (1 December 2005). "Changing Contexts and Redefinitions of Identity among Bosniaks in Slovenia". Balkanologie. Revue d'études pluridisciplinaires. 9 (Vol. IX, n° 1-2). doi:10.4000/balkanologie.585. Retrieved 28 August 2017 – via balkanologie.revues.org.
  2. ^ a b c "Drugi o Bosnjacima opisi". BOG BOSNA I BOSNJASTVO - Bosnian history info. Archived from the original on 9 January 2012. Retrieved 28 August 2017.
  3. ^ "Slovenia threatens to veto Croatia's EU bid". www.euractiv.com. 2004-09-28. Retrieved 2019-12-09.
  4. ^ "Catholic Church in Slovenia". www.gcatholic.org. Retrieved 2019-12-09.
  5. ^ "Catholic Church in Croatia". www.gcatholic.org. Retrieved 2019-12-09.
  6. ^ "Bosniak in Slovenia". Joshuaproject.net. Retrieved 28 August 2017.