Borough of Milton Keynes
The Borough of Milton Keynes is a unitary authority area and borough of the ceremonial county of Buckinghamshire. It is the northernmost district of the South East England Region. It was originally one of five non-metropolitan districts of Buckinghamshire, but on 1 April 1997, under a recommendation of the Local Government Commission for England, it became a self-governing unitary authority, independent from Buckinghamshire County Council.
Borough of Milton Keynes
By knowledge, design and understanding
Milton Keynes shown within Buckinghamshire and England
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Region||South East England|
|Admin HQ||Milton Keynes|
|Founded||1 April 1997|
|• Type||Unitary authority|
|• Governing body||Milton Keynes Council|
|• Mayor (ceremonial)||Martin Petchey|
|• Leadership:||Leader & Cabinet|
|• Executive:||Labour Minority|
|• MPs||Iain Stewart (C) (Milton Keynes South)|
Mark Lancaster (C) (Milton Keynes North)
|• Total||119 sq mi (309 km2)|
| • Estimate |
|Time zone||UTC+0 (Greenwich Mean Time)|
The Borough borders the non-metropolitan counties of Bedfordshire, Northamptonshire and Buckinghamshire (that part of the county under the control of Buckinghamshire County Council). The principal settlement in the borough is Milton Keynes itself, which accounts for about 20% of its area and 90% of its population.
The district was created on 1 April 1974 under the Local Government Act 1972, by the merger of Bletchley Urban District, Newport Pagnell Urban District and Wolverton Urban District, together with Newport Pagnell Rural District and that part of Wing Rural District within the designated New Town area. The district council applied for and received borough status that year.
Arising from the local government elections of May 2016, Milton Keynes council is under no overall control; the Labour Party and Conservative Party both hold 22 seats each with the Liberal Democrats holding 13 seats. The UK Independence party lost their only seat on the council to date in the 2016 local elections. Continuing as of May 2015, the Borough is governed by a Labour minority administration The Conservative Party is currently the main opposition group.
Following the United Kingdom local elections, 2016 the political composition for the council is as follows.
|Conservatives||Labour||Liberal Democrats||Other Parties|
The 2016 local election did not change the status of the Council from 'no overall control'. No political party has had an 'overall majority' on the council since 2006.
According to data from the Office of National Statistics for 2015 and 2016, the Borough is the sixth highest performing NUTS3 region in the UK (and the highest outside inner London), on the basis of gross value added per head.
Further education in the borough is provided by Milton Keynes College. For higher education, the Open University's headquarters are in Milton Keynes – though, as this is a distance education institution, the only students resident on campus are approximately 200 full-time postgraduates. The University Campus Milton Keynes, part of the university of Bedfordshire, provides conventional undergraduate courses.
In the 2011 census, 80% of the population described their ethnic origin as white (nationally 85.5%), 5.6% as South Asian (5.5%), 6.8% as black (3.4%), 3.3% as mixed race (2.2%), 3.6% as Chinese and other Asian (2.2%), and 0.6% as 'other ethnic group (1.0%).
In the same census, 52.8% of the Borough's population registered their religion as Christianity and 37.9% as not religious or none given, compared to 59.4% and 31.9% nationally. 4.8% of the population follow Islam (5% nationally) and a little over 2.8% are Hindu (1.5%), with no other religion above one percent.
The borough's population age profile is slightly younger than England's average, with half of the borough's population aged under 35 years old. Nationally, half of the population is aged less than 39. The 30- to 39-year-olds in Milton Keynes Borough formed as the largest 10-year age group of the population with 30- to 34-year-olds being the largest 5-year age group. The Borough has a larger proportion of the population in the younger age groups; 22.3% are aged under 16 compared with 18.9% in England. Meanwhile, just 11.1% of the Milton Keynes population are aged over 65 compared with 16.3% in England.
Levels of educational attainment in the Borough are slightly higher than the England average. 18% have no qualifications compared with 22.5% in England, while 28.2% have a degree or higher qualification compared with 27.4% in England.
Housing and home ownershipEdit
In 2011, Milton Keynes had the greatest proportion of shared ownership homes in England, 6.1%, compared with second-placed London Boroughs of Hounslow and Tower Hamlets with 2.4%. This form of home ownership has been a planning policy of the Borough of Milton Keynes soon after the settled acceptance of all major UK lenders on specified forms of this type of property ownership was agreed in the 2000s decade.
The borough has relatively high home ownership at 72.8% of dwellings with the remaining 16.2% of homes are privately rented and 11.0% are socially rented.
Milton Keynes (urban area)Edit
The urban area accounts for about 20% of the Borough by area and 90% by population. This is a partial list of the districts of Milton Keynes itself. For a discussion of the usage of the term "city" in Milton Keynes, see History of Milton Keynes#1960s Plans for a new city in North Buckinghamshire, 1967 designation of Milton Keynes.
The Borough of Milton Keynes is fully parished. These are the parishes, and the districts they contain, that are now elements of Milton Keynes as a whole.
- Abbey Hill: Kiln Farm, Two Mile Ash, Wymbush
- Bletchley and Fenny Stratford: Brickfields, Central Bletchley, Denbigh, Mount Farm, Fenny Lock, Granby, Fenny Stratford, Newton Leys, Water Eaton
- Bradwell: Bradville, Bradwell, Bradwell Abbey, Bradwell Common, Bradwell village, Heelands, Rooksley
- Broughton and Milton Keynes (the Village) – a shared parish council: Atterbury, Brook Furlong, Broughton, Fox Milne, Middleton, Milton Keynes, Milton Keynes Village, Northfield, Oakgrove, Pineham
- Campbell Park: Elfield Park, Fishermead, Newlands, Oldbrook, Springfield, Willen and Willen Lake, Winterhill, Woolstone
- Central Milton Keynes: Central MK, Campbell Park
- Great Linford: Blakelands, Conniburrow, Downs Barn, Downhead Park, Giffard Park, Great Linford, Neath Hill, Pennyland, Tongwell, Willen Park
- Kents Hill, Monkston and Brinklow: Brinklow, Kents Hill, Kingston, Monkston
- Loughton: Loughton, Loughton Lodge, Great Holm, the Bowl
- New Bradwell
- Shenley Brook End: Emerson Valley, Furzton, Kingsmead, Shenley Brook End, Snelshall, Tattenhoe, Tattenhoe Park, Westcroft
- Shenley Church End: Crownhill, Grange Farm, Hazeley, Medbourne, Oakhill, Oxley, Shenley Church End, Woodhill
- Simpson: Ashland, Simpson, West Ashland
- Stantonbury: Bancroft/Bancroft Park, Blue Bridge, Bradville, Linford Wood, Stantonbury, Stantonbury Fields
- Stony Stratford: Fullers Slade, Galley Hill, Stony Stratford
- Walton: Caldecotte, Old Farm Park, Tilbrook, Tower Gate, Walnut Tree, Walton, Walton Hall, Walton Park, Wavendon Gate
- West Bletchley: Far Bletchley, Old Bletchley, West Bletchley.
- Wolverton and Greenleys: Greenleys, Stacey Bushes, Stonebridge, Wolverton, Old Wolverton
- Woughton: Beanhill, Bleak Hall, Coffee Hall, Eaglestone, Leadenhall, Netherfield, Peartree Bridge, Redmoor, Tinkers Bridge (part)
- Old Woughton: Passmore (part of Tinkers Bridge), Woughton on the Green, Woughton Park.
- Newport Pagnell lies within the Milton Keynes urban area as defined by the Office for National Statistics but is outside the 1967 'designated area'.
- Woburn Sands lies within the Milton Keynes urban area as defined by the Office for National Statistics but is outside the 1967 'designated area'.
Rest of the boroughEdit
The rural area accounts for about 80% of the Borough by area and about 10% by population. Olney is a town. These are the extra-urban civil parishes:
- Bow Brickhill
- Caldecote, Castlethorpe, Chicheley, Clifton Reynes, Cold Brayfield
- Hanslope, Hardmead, Haversham
- Lathbury, Lavendon, Little Brickhill, Little Linford, Long Street, Buckinghamshire,
- Newton Blossomville, North Crawley
- Sherington, Stoke Goldington,
- Warrington, Weston Underwood
- The Mayor of Milton Keynes (Milton Keynes Council)
- UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Milton Keynes Local Authority (1946157283)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 29 December 2018.
- Population Statistics Milton Keynes Council, 2017 (source = ONS)
- As of March 2018[update], the most recent data available.
- Statistical bulletin:Regional gross value added (income approach), UK: 1997 to 2015, Table 4 Office of National Statistics, 15 December 2016
- Statistical bulletin: Regional gross value added (balanced), UK: 1998 to 2016 (PDF) Office of National Statistics, 20 December 2017, page 13
- Office for National Statistics and Borough of Milton Keynes, 2011. "Milton Keynes 2011 Census Profile (PDF).
- Office for National Statistics 2011 Census Key Statistics: Tenure.