Borjomi Municipality

(Redirected from Borjomis Raioni)

Borjomi (Georgian: ბორჯომის მუნიციპალიტეტი, Borjomis munitsip'alit'et'i) is a municipality in southern Georgia, in the region of Samtskhe-Javakheti with a population of 24,998 (2021[1]). Its main town and administrative center is Borjomi and it has an area of 1,189 km2 (459 sq mi). Borjomi municipality is located on the territory of the historical Tori.

Borjomi Municipality
ბორჯომის მუნიციპალიტეტი
Borjomi mountains
Flag of Borjomi Municipality
Official seal of Borjomi Municipality
Country Georgia
 • TypeMayor–Council
 • BodyBorjomi Municipal Assembly
 • MayorOtar Arbolishvili (GD)
 • Total1,189 km2 (459 sq mi)
 • Total24,998
 • Density21/km2 (54/sq mi)
Population by ethnicity[2]
 • Georgians87.2  %
 • Armenians8.6 %
 • Ossetians1.3  %
 • Greeks1.2 %
 • Russians1.1 %
Time zoneUTC+4 (Georgian Time)

Geography and climate edit

street in Borjomi
Likani Palace
Timotesubani Monastery

Borjomi municipality borders Akhaltsikhe in the southwest, Aspindza and Akhalkalaki in the south, Tsalka in the east, Kharagauli, Khashuri, Kareli Municipality and Gori Municipality in the north. The municipality consists in large part of subranges of the Lesser Caucasus mountains, the western end of the Trialeti Range and the eastern end of the Meskheti Range which are separated by the Borjomi Gorge through which the Mtkvari river flows.

Within the municipality, there are branches of the Trialeti Range - the Gvirgvini range and Tsikhisdzhvari, the peaks of which reach 2000–2850 meters above sea level. Between the main ridge of the Trialeti Range and the Gvirgvini subrange the Tory basin is located. The municipality is lying on both sides of the Mtkvari River. From the right side merges the Bordjomula and Gujaretistskali. Rivers are used for both irrigation and energy purposes. There are many lakes in Borjomi. Among them, Tabatskuri and Kahisi, in addition to beauty, are also rich in precious fish. The region has many mineral springs, which are its main fossil wealth. The municipality of Borjomi is located at the transition place between continental subtropics and marine subtropics with a transitional climate with cold winters and long summers. The average annual temperature in January is -3 - -6 °C; and in August 14-18 °C. [3]

Administrative divisions edit

Borjomi municipality is administratively divided into 11 administrative units (communities, თემი, temi), these include Akhaldaba, Bakuriani, Balanta, Borjomi, Dviri, Tabatskuri, Tadzrisi, Tba, Kvibisi, Tsikhisdzhvari, Tsagveri. The municipality has one city (the municipal centre Borjomi), three daba (Akhaldaba, Bakuriani, Tsagveri) and 40 villages (სოფელი, sopeli).[4] In 2018 the borough (daba) Bakurianis Andeziti wad downgraded to village.

  • City: Borjomi
  • Boroughs: Akhaldaba, Bakuriani, Tsagveri
  • Villages: Bakurianis Andeziti, Didi Mitarbi, Patara Mitarbi, Sakochavi, Tsemi, Patara Tsemi, Daba, Timotesubani, Mzetamze, Balanta, Chirakhula, Gverdisubani, Vardevani, Machartsqali, Ghvtismshobeli, Tsinubani, Gujareti, Odeti, Ghinturi, Tsitelsopeli, Dviri, Kvabiskhevi, Chitakhevi, Chobiskhevi, Tabatskhuri, Moliti, Tadzrisi, Dgvari, Sakire, Tba, Libani, Sadgeri, Qvibisi, Vardgineti, Zanavi, Kortaneti, Rveli, Tsikhisjvari

Politics edit

Borjomi Municipal Assembly (Georgian: ბორჯომის საკრებულო, Borjomi Sakrebulo) is the representative body in Borjomi Municipality, consisting of 33 members which are elected every four years. The last election was held in October 2021. Otar Arbolishvili of Georgian Dream was elected mayor.[5]

Party 2017[6] 2021[7] Current Municipal Assembly
Georgian Dream 13 24
United National Movement 2 7
Alliance of Patriots 11 1
For Georgia 1
European Georgia 1
Labour Party 1
Total 28 33

Population edit

By the start of 2021 the population was determined at 24,998 people,[1] a minor decrease compared to the 2014 census.[4] The population density of the municipality is 21 inhabitants per square kilometre (54/sq mi). 60.1% of the population lives in urbanized settlements (cities or daba).

The vast majority (87%) of the population of Akhalkalaki is Georgian. The largest ethnic minority by far are the Armenians (8.6%). Other minorities include Ossetians (1.3%), Greeks (1.2%), Russians (1.1%), Ukrainians (0.3%) and minimal numbers of Azerbaijanis, Jews, Assyrians and Abkhazians. In terms of religion, more than 94% of the population consists of followers of the Georgian Orthodox Church and 3.9% are followers of the Armenian Apostolic Church, followed by Jehovah's Witnesses (0.5%), and a few dozen Catholics and Muslims.

Population Borjomi Municipality
1886 1922 1926 1939 1959 1970 1979 1989 2002[8] 2014 2021
Borjomi Municipality - - - 37,437   37,010   39,661   40,796   41,266   32,422   25,214   24,998
Borjomi city -   3,913   5,372   14,317   15,332   16,316   18,059   19,007   14,445   10,546   11,122
Akhaldaba (daba) - - - - -   2,583   2,504   2,440   2,377   1,586   1,786
Bakuriani (daba) - - 823   1,773   4,650   4,361   4,395   4,588   1,985   1,879   1,665
Bakurianis Andeziti [9] - - - - - 403   387   488   514   352 [10]   457
Tsagveri (daba) - - 596   1,225   3,187   1,275   1,192   1,144   1,051   799   701
Data: Population statistics Georgia 1897 to present.[11][12][13] Note:[8]

Tourism and Historical sites edit


Cultural monuments edit

Nature edit

Resorts edit

See also edit

External links edit

References edit

  1. ^ a b c "Population and Demography - Population by cities and boroughs (daba), as of 1 January". National Statistics Office of Georgia, Geostat. 2021-01-01. Retrieved 2022-01-03.
  2. ^ "Ethnic composition of Georgia 2014". Population statistics of Eastern Europe & former USSR (in Occitan). Retrieved 2021-02-05.
  3. ^ "About Borjomi". Georgian Travel Guide. Retrieved 2022-02-25.
  4. ^ a b "Main Results of the 2014 Census (Publication)" (PDF)., National Statistics Office of Georgia (Geostat) (in Georgian). 2016-04-28. pp. 304–308. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2020-02-13. Retrieved 2022-01-19.
  5. ^ "Interactive results 2021 municipal elections". Retrieved 2021-01-02.
  6. ^ "Protocol elected municipal council members and mayors 2017" (PDF) (in Georgian). CESKO Central Election Commission. pp. 39–40. Retrieved 2021-01-06.[permanent dead link]
  7. ^ "Protocol elected municipal council members and mayors 2021" (PDF) (in Georgian). CESKO Central Election Commission. pp. 47–49. Retrieved 2021-01-06.[permanent dead link]
  8. ^ a b The 2014 census found an inexplicable gap with the data from the national statistical office Geostat. UN-assisted research has found the 2002 census was inflated by about 8-9 percent. See,[14] "1. Introduction", Page 1.
  9. ^ Degraded in 2018 from daba to village.
  10. ^ Last published number of 2018.
  11. ^ "Population divisions of Georgia". Population Statistics Eastern Europe and former USSR. Retrieved 2022-01-18.
  12. ^ "Population cities & towns of Georgia". Population Statistics Eastern Europe and former USSR. Retrieved 2022-01-18.
  13. ^ "1939 census". Ethno Kavkaz (in Russian). Retrieved 2022-02-23.
  14. ^ "Population Dynamics in Georgia - An Overview Based on the 2014 General Population Census Data" (PDF). National Statistics Office of Georgia, Geostat. 2017-11-29. Retrieved 2022-01-01.

41°50′N 43°23′E / 41.833°N 43.383°E / 41.833; 43.383