The Lesser Caucasus, also called Caucasus Minor, is the second of the two main mountain ranges of Caucasus mountains, of length about 600 km (370 mi). The western portion of the Lesser Caucasus overlaps and converges with the high plateau of Eastern Anatolia, in the far northeast of Turkey.
Aragats mount in Armenia
|Elevation||4,090 m (13,420 ft)|
|Length||600 km (370 mi) NW-SE|
|Parent range||Caucasus Mountains|
|Borders on||Greater Caucasus|
It is connected to the Greater Caucasus by the Likhi Range (Georgia) and separated from it by the Kolkhida Lowland (Georgia) in the west and Kura-Aras Lowland (Azerbaijan) (by Kura River) in the east.
The borders between Georgia, Turkey, Armenia, and Azerbaijan run through the range, although its crest does not usually define the border.
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The Lesser Caucasus mountain system does not have a single continuous mountain range. It consists of four main parts:
- Aran-kuh (mountains of Talysh and Karadag) which runs from Caspian sea to the Araxes river in Iran and Azerbaijan.
- Caucasus Minor, mountains located from Meghri (the border of Armenia with Iran) to the plateau of Ashotsk, Javakhetia and Somkhetia (the border of Armenia with Georgia)most of which in Antiquity and Medieval was called Siunia Caucasiana (Geography of Ravenna, V-th century, Western Roman empire).
- Adjara-Trialeti basin ranges, (also called Moskhis mountains), in south-western Georgia, passing from Javahetia to the border of Adjaria with Turkey
- The mountains of Lazistan and Pontica in Turkey, also called the Tchorokh mountains.
The range was historically called Anticaucasus or Anti-Caucasus (Greek: Αντι-Καύκασος, Russian: Антикавка́з, Анти-Кавка́з). This usage is commonly found in older sources. Current usage tends towards using the name Lesser Caucasus, but Anticaucasus can still be found in modern texts.
Foreign language termsEdit
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Names for the region is various languages include:
- "Mount Aragats | mountain, Armenia". Encyclopædia Britannica. Archived from the original on 2016-03-08. Retrieved 2016-05-07.
- The Encyclopædia Britannica: A Dictionary of Arts, Sciences, Literature and General Information. [Cambridge] University Press. 1911.
- Reclus, Onésime (1892). A Bird's-eye View of the World. Ticknor.
- The Encyclopaedia Britannica ...: A Dictionary of Arts, Sciences and General Literature ... in Thirty Volumes with New American Supplement. Werner Company. 1902.
- Sharma, h s (1981). Perspective in Geomorphology Volume I.
- Maisuradze, G.M. (1989-08-15). "Anthropogene of the anticaucasus". Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology - PALAEOGEOGR PALAEOCLIMATOL. 72: 53–62. doi:10.1016/0031-0182(89)90131-4.
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