Bordered Blue Banner
The Bordered Blue Banner was one of the Eight Banners of the Manchu Qing dynasty military. It was one of the lower five banners. According to the general annals of the Eight Banners, the Bordered Blue Banner was one of the banners located on the south right wing (Blue banners are located southward, the Plain Blue Banner being on the south left wing).
|Bordered Blue Banner|
Flag of the Bordered Blue Banner
|Active||1615 – 1911|
|Part of||Eight Banners|
This banner was commanded by Prince Zheng, the lineage of Šurhaci and his son Jirgalang. By the blood of its commanders the Bordered Blue Banner was the remotest banner out of the Eight Banners; as all the other banners were ruled by descendants of Nurhaci. Due to its genealogical status, this banner was usually seen as the last banner of the Eight Banners although there were no concrete laws to officially acknowledge this status.
- Elliott, Mark C. (2001), The Manchu Way: The Eight Banners and Ethnic Identity in Late Imperial China, Stanford University Press, ISBN 9780804746847
- Dennerline, Jerry (2002), "The Shun-Chih Reign", in Peterson, Willard J.; Twitchett, Denis Crispin; Fairbank, John King (eds.), The Cambridge History of China: Volume 9, Part 1, The Ch'ing Empire to 1800, The Cambridge History of China, 9, Cambridge University Press, ISBN 9780521243346
- Rawski, Evelyn S. (1998), The Last Emperors: A Social History of Qing Imperial Institutions, University of California Press, ISBN 9780520926790