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Shang Kexi (尚可喜; Shang Ko-hsi; August 25, 1604 – November 12, 1676) was a Chinese general of the Ming and Qing Dynasties. His family had migrated to Liaodong in 1576 and his father, Shang Xueli, served in the army guarding the northeast frontier. As his father did, Shang Kexi joined the army and guarded the frontier against the attack of the Jurchens. With the decay and fall of the Ming Emperors, Shang Kexi sought better fortune in the service of the Qing Dynasty and he was one of the most powerful generals that surrendered to the Qing. He fought for the Qing in Southern China and established his power in Guangdong where he ruled the territory as his own domain amassing wealth and possessing a trained army.

Shang Kexi
Prince of Pingnan
Nieuhof-Ambassade-vers-la-Chine-1665 0748-2.tif
Shang Kexi drawn by Johan Nieuhof in 1655
Born(1604-08-25)August 25, 1604
DiedNovember 12, 1676(1676-11-12) (aged 72)
IssueShang Zhixin
Posthumous name
Jing 敬
Prince Jing of Pingnan of the First Rank 平南敬親王
FatherShang Xueli 尚學禮

In 1663, the second year of the Kangxi Emperor, Shang Kexi donated property to rebuild the Dafo Temple and completed it in the following year.[1]

In 1673 Revolt of the Three Feudatories between the Emperor and the powerful Han princes, Wu Sangui and Geng Jingzhong, started when they opposed the Emperor's plan of resettling them in Manchuria. Shang remained loyal to the Qing and took no part in the rebellion.[2] Shang died in 1676 and was succeeded by his son Shang Zhixin who rebelled shortly after but was defeated by the Han Chinese Green Standard forces of the Qing in 1677.


  1. ^ 揭秘广州大佛寺的砖瓦为什么是绿色的. Tencent (in Chinese). 2016-04-30.
  2. ^ Spence, Jonathan. The Cambridge History of China. 9. p. 159. ISBN 9780521243346.
Royal titles
Preceded by
Prince of Pingnan
Succeeded by
Shang Zhixin