Bonino-Pannella List

Bonino-Pannella List (Lista Bonino-Pannella) was a libertarian and progressive electoral list formed by the Italian Radicals.

Bonino-Pannella List
Lista Bonino-Pannella
LeaderMarco Pannella, Emma Bonino
Founded2009
Dissolved2012
Preceded byBonino List
Succeeded byAmnesty Justice Freedom List
IdeologyRadicalism
Libertarianism
Liberalism
Economic liberalism
Pro-Europeanism

Named after Marco Pannella and Emma Bonino, the list was the continuation of Pannella List (1992–1999) and Bonino List (1999-2009) and its candidates were mainly members of the Italian Radicals. In the 2009 European Parliament election the list gained 2.4% and no seats in the election,[1] despite being particularly strong in urban areas, such as Milan (5.5%), Bologna (5.1%), Florence (5.0%), Padua (5.0%) and Turin (4.9%).[2]

Emma Bonino ran for President in Lazio but lost to Renata Polverini. The List gained 3.3% of the vote in Lazio and two regional councillors,[3] while doing poorly in the other regions where the Radicals were able to deliver their lists, including in Piedmont, where they gained a mere 0.7%.[4]

The Bonino-Pannella List was succeeded by the Amnesty Justice Freedom List in 2013.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-06-09. Retrieved 2009-06-20.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-06-12. Retrieved 2009-06-20.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-04-01. Retrieved 2010-03-31.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-04-01. Retrieved 2010-03-31.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)