Boma State is one of the 32 states of South Sudan formed on 2 October 2015. It is located in the Greater Upper Nile region and was formerly part of the state of Jonglei. The state borders Akobo State, Imatong State, Jonglei State, Kapoeta State, Bieh State, Terekeka State and the country of Ethiopia to the east.
Location of Boma in South Sudan
|• Governor||Hon. David Yauyau Jangkuch (SPLM)|
|• Total||41,654 km2 (16,083 sq mi)|
|• Density||5.2/km2 (13/sq mi)|
|• Summer (DST)||not observed|
Before Boma State was created on 2 October 2015, the area existed as a special administrative unit under called Greater Pibor Administrative Area (GPAA) which is headed by a Chief Administrator whose status is like that of state Governor. This came in an attempt to end the conflict that devastated Jonglei State for three years. The fighter demanded autonomy from Jonglei State government which marginalized the minorities such Murle, Anyuak, Jie and Kachipo.
On 2 October 2015, President Salva Kiir issued a decree establishing 28 states in place of the 10 constitutionally established states. The decree established the new states largely along ethnic lines. A number of opposition parties and civil society groups challenged the constitutionality of the decree. Kiir later resolved to take it to parliament for approval as a constitutional amendment. In November the South Sudanese parliament empowered President Kiir to create new states.
Boma State is located in the Greater Upper Nile region and it borders the states of Akobo to the northwest, Imatong to the southwest, Kapoeta to the southeast, Jonglei to the west, and the country of Ethiopia to the east.
After Boma State was created, the state's seven greater counties under Greater Pibor Administrative Area (GPAA) were further split up into fourteen local government administrative units. GPAA was a special administrative status given to the two former Jonglei counties of Pibor and Pochalla as a result of peace accord between the central government and Gen. David Yauyau led South Sudan Democratic Movement/Army, Cobra Faction in 2014. Under GPAA the number of counties were raised to seven; namely Pochalla North, Pochalla South, Pibor, Lekuangole, Gumuruk, Jebel Boma and Vertet.
The fourteen counties of the current Boma State are Pibor North, Pibor South, Vertet, Liloth, Lilibok, Gumuruk, Lotila and Jebel Boma (all carved out of former Pibor County), Pochalla, Adongo, Awetaballa, Burator, Otegu (carved out of Pochalla County) Counties. There are seven sub counties in the state. These sub counties will either be upgraded into separate counties or demoted to return under the existing counties.
Towns and citiesEdit
The capital of the state is Pibor, South Sudan. The population of Pibor was estimated at less than 1,000 people in 2011. Another in the state of Boma include Pochalla, South Sudan, with lies directly on the border with Ethiopia. The town is about 470 kilometers (290 miles) from Juba via road.
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