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Bolton and Preston Railway

The Bolton and Preston Railway was an early British railway company operating in Lancashire.

Bolton and Preston Railway
LocaleLancashire
Dates of operation15 July 1837–10 May 1844
SuccessorNorth Union Railway
Track gauge4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge

The Bolton and Preston Railway (B&PR) obtained an Act of Parliament on 15 July 1837 to build a line between Bolton and Preston via Chorley.[1][2] A further Act of 4 July 1838 withdrew their power to build beyond Chorley, instead authorising an extension from Chorley to meet the North Union Railway(NUR) at Euxton.[3] The B&PR was then authorised to share the NUR line into Preston.[4]

The line from Bolton to Rawlinson Bridge opened on 4 February 1841.[4] Chorley was reached on 22 December 1841 and Euxton Junction on 22 June 1843.[2] the railway then had to use the North Union lines into Preston.[5][6] There was immediate competition between the two companies for the Manchester to Preston traffic and they tried to undercut each other's fares. The North Union managed to maintain the upper hand in the competition as they were able to extract tolls from its rival for running trains along its Euxton to Preston stretch.[6][7] The rivalry and competition between the railways was intense and was to the passengers detriment with through passengers being forced to change trains, walk between stations and sometimes being provided with alternative forms of transport, using the canal or road coaches.[6]

The rivalry was short-lived as the Bolton & Preston Railway was acquired by the North Union Railway by an Act of 10 May 1844.[8][9][5]

At the Bolton end the railway met the Manchester, Bolton and Bury Canal Navigation and Railway Company's line from Manchester. The Manchester, Bolton and Bury Canal Navigation and Railway Company operated the B&PR until it was acquired by the NUR by an Act of 10 May 1844.[10][4]

NotesEdit

  1. ^
    • Awdry, Christopher (1990). Encyclopaedia of British Railway Companies. Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 1-8526-0049-7. OCLC 19514063. CN 8983.
    • Butt, R. V. J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations: details every public and private passenger station, halt, platform and stopping place, past and present (1st ed.). Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 978-1-85260-508-7. OCLC 60251199.
    • Grant, Donald J. (2017). Directory of the Railway Companies of Great Britain (1st ed.). Kibworth Beauchamp, Leicestershire: Troubador Publishing Ltd. ISBN 978-1-78803-768-6.
    • Jowett, Alan (March 1989). Jowett's Railway Atlas of Great Britain and Ireland: From Pre-Grouping to the Present Day (1st ed.). Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 978-1-85260-086-0. OCLC 22311137.
    • The Railway Clearing House (1969) [1915], The Railway Clearing House Official Railway Junction Diagrams 1915 (1969 D&C Reprint ed.), Newton Abbot: David & Charles Reprints, ISBN 0-7153-4347-5
  1. ^ "Local and Personal Act, 7 William IV & 1 Victoria I, c. cxxi: An Act for making a Railway from Bolton le Moors to Preston in the County Palatine of Lancaster". Portcullis Parliamentary Archives catalogue. UK parliament. 1837. Retrieved 28 November 2018.
  2. ^ a b Awdry 1990, p. 62.
  3. ^ "Local and Personal Act, 1 & 2 Victoria I, c. lvi: An Act for enabling the Bolton and Preston Railway Company to extend and alter the Line of such Railway, and to make collateral Branches thereto, and for amending and enlarging the Powers and Provisions of the Act relating thereto". Portcullis Parliamentary Archives catalogue. UK parliament. 1838. Retrieved 28 November 2018.
  4. ^ a b c Grant 2017, pp. 58-59.
  5. ^ a b Bairstow 2001, p. 4.
  6. ^ a b c Greville 1960.
  7. ^ Bairstow 2001, p. 3.
  8. ^ "Local and Personal Act, 7 & 8 Victoria I, c. ii: An Act to effectuate the Sale by the Bolton and Preston Railway Company of their Railway and other Property and Effects to the North Union Railway Company; to incorporate with such last-mentioned Company the Proprietors of the Bolton and Preston Railway; and to consolidate Shares into Stock". Portcullis Parliamentary Archives catalogue. UK parliament. 1844. Retrieved 28 November 2018.
  9. ^ Grant 2017, p. 417.
  10. ^ "Local and Personal Act, 7 & 8 Victoria I, c. ii: An Act to effectuate the Sale by the Bolton and Preston Railway Company of their Railway and other Property and Effects to the North Union Railway Company; to incorporate with such last-mentioned Company the Proprietors of the Bolton and Preston Railway; and to consolidate Shares into Stock". Portcullis Parliamentary Archives catalogue. UK parliament. 1844. Retrieved 28 November 2018.

ReferencesEdit