Black Pearl (yacht)

Black Pearl is a sailing yacht launched in 2016, which is 106.7 meters (350.1 ft) in length.[4] It has three DynaRig masts supporting a sail area of 2,900 square meters (31,215 sq ft).[4] The yacht was known during its build process originally as Oceanco Y712 and thereafter as "Project Solar". The hull is steel, the superstructure aluminum, and the masts carbon fiber.[5] The yacht is owned by the family of Russian billionaire Oleg Burlakov, who died on 21 June 2021.[2][6][7]

BlackPearl04.jpg
Black Pearl in Rotterdam in January 2018.
History
 Cayman Islands
NameBlack Pearl
OwnerOleg Burlakov[2]
BuilderOceanco
Yard numberY712
Launched2016[1]
Completed2017
In service2018[3]
Notes
General characteristics
Class and typeLloyd's registered
TypeSailing yacht
Tonnage2,864 GT
Length106.7 m (350.1 ft)
Beam15 m (49.2 ft)
Sail plan2,900 m2 (31,215 sq ft) DynaRig
Speed30 knots (56 km/h) (Max sail speed)
Capacity12
Black Pearl at night

It is expected that Black Pearl can cross the Atlantic using only 20 litres (4.4 imp gal; 5.3 US gal) of fuel, aided by regenerative technologies.[8] One key technology to support this is to use the speed of the vessel through the water under sail to generate electricity with a variable pitch propeller.[8] The yacht also features heat capture technologies and large scale storage batteries to capture energy generated but not immediately used.

Build historyEdit

 
Sailing yacht Black Pearl (Oceanico Y712)

Inspired by the 88 m (289 ft) Maltese Falcon, the intention behind the project was to push the boundaries of the DynaRig system and demonstrate the potential for larger DynaRig-equipped vessels.

The creation of the yacht, then known as "Project Solar", began on 7 July 2010 when Ken Freivokh was contracted to handle styling and design on the project. Given their involvement with Maltese Falcon, Freivokh introduced Dykstra Naval Architects to the project, and the team were able to advance the DynaRig system and to improve performance through changes both to mast shape and installation.[9] The 96 m (315 ft) preliminary concept that resulted was codenamed "Nautilus".[10]

Freivokh then commissioned Devonport Yachts (Pendennis Shipyards) to undertake technical studies to complete the tendering package. The tendering process began in June 2011 and included seven shipyards worldwide.[9]

 
Black Pearl in Rotterdam

By November 2011, Freivokh had extended the design from 96 m to 100 m (328 ft) and a scale model was produced. Dutch builders Oceanco were selected from the tendering process to construct the yacht at their Rotterdam (The Netherlands) shipyard.

The design and details of the yacht developed continuously during the build process, with the owner having a direct input on many aspects of the final design. The final design had the yacht at 106.8 m,[9] and the yacht, built under the name Y712, was then named Black Pearl.

The overall yacht design was done by Ken Freivokh, Gerard Villate, Nigel Gee, and Nuvolari Lenard, with others.[11][4][12] The yacht was constructed at Oceanco, a shipyard in Alblasserdam, the Netherlands and launched in September 2016.

It was delivered in early 2018 to the customer, after it had undergone sea trials.[13]

DynaRig SystemEdit

The DynaRig owes its origin to Wilhelm Prölss' research in the 1960s. The DynaRig consists of freestanding rotating masts with rigid yards and acts as a square rig. Each of Black Pearl's masts supports six yards, which, unlike a conventional square rigger, have built-in camber of 12%. The fifteen square sails are set between the yards in such a way that when deployed there are no gaps in the sail plan of each mast, enabling them to act as a single airfoil. The furling sails are stored in the mast and can be deployed along tracks on the yards in six minutes. The sails are trimmed by rotating the masts. As there is no rigging, the masts and yards can be rotated without restriction for all points of sail, making Black Pearl a capable upwind clipper.

SummaryEdit

Black Pearl is a sailing yacht with three 70-meter (230 ft) high masts and is capable of 30 knots (56 km/h) in suitable weather conditions.[12] It also has diesel engines that can propel it to 17.5 knots (32 km/h).[14] She is capable of accommodating up to 12 guests in one master suite, two VIP and two double guests cabins.[15]

As a private yacht, Black Pearl can accommodate 12 guests and has various features, including an on-deck Jacuzzi, convertible cinema, full beam beach club, and a tender garage.[16] Total interior volume is 2,700 gross tons.[17] She has also won the Sailing Superyacht of the Year Award in 2019.

Specifications:[4]

  • Length - 106.7 meters (350 feet)
  • Gross tonnage - 2700 t (measure of interior volume)[17]
  • Guest capacity - 12 people (6 cabins)
  • Sail Area - 2,900 square metres
  • Max sail speed - 30 knots (56 km/h, 35 mph)[12]

Timeline:[4]

  • Contract - 2010[8]
  • Purchased - 2012
  • Launched - 2016
  • Delivered -2018 [11]
  • Registered to Cayman Islands[4]

Fuelless transatlantic voyager capabilityEdit

Black Pearl is designed to generate electricity to power its on-board systems by using its propeller as a turbine as the yacht is propelled by the wind.[8]

Under sea trials, Black Pearl achieved 20 knots of speed on the water, and its developers expect that it will be able to transit the Atlantic using no fuel.[8]

BackgroundEdit

In the 21st century, the largest sailing yachts greatly increased in size.[18] In the 1990s, even 40 m (131 ft) long was considered a large boat, said one yacht designer looking back.[18] Yachts like Athena and Mirabella V were a big increase, and followed by Maltese Falcon.[18] In the 2010s, a host of similar and larger yachts came to fruition, including Sailing Yacht A, Aquijo, and Black Pearl.[18]

While these vessels are large for sailing yachts, this size is more common among motor yachts. There are quite a number of large sailing vessels for other purposes, especially those for passenger cruises.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Exclusive: Oceanco launches 106m sailing yacht Y712". www.superyachttimes.com. SuperYacht Company B.V. 19 September 2016. Retrieved 11 October 2018.
  2. ^ a b Lehtoranta, Riina (2019-08-27). "Kotkaan saapuu keskiviikkona varsinainen superjahti — Venäläismiljonäärin omistaman Black Pearlin kerrotaan maksaneen 200 miljoonaa dollaria". kymensanomat.fi (in Finnish). Kaakon Viestintä Oy. Retrieved 2019-09-20.
  3. ^ "Delivered: world's largest Dynarig sailing yacht departs the Netherlands today". www.superyachttimes.com. SuperYacht Company B.V. 16 March 2018. Retrieved 11 October 2018.
  4. ^ a b c d e f "106m sailing yacht Black Pearl delivered by Oceanco". Boat International.
  5. ^ Superyachts.com. "Black Pearl - Oceanco Sail Yacht". www.superyachts.com.
  6. ^ "Oligarch's Divorce Spills Over at Swiss Firm". finews.com. 2020-07-24. Retrieved 2021-03-12.
  7. ^ "Oleg Burlakov, Owner of Black Pearl, Passes Away". Megayacht News. 2021-06-25. Retrieved 2021-09-06.
  8. ^ a b c d e "Oceanco's Black Pearl to Become the Largest Sailing Yacht In the World - Luxury Yachts". luxuryachts.eu. Archived from the original on 2018-04-12. Retrieved 2018-04-11.
  9. ^ a b c "Inventing an icon: the story behind the 106m sailing yacht Black Pearl". www.superyachttimes.com. SuperYacht Company B.V. 15 April 2017. Retrieved 11 October 2018.
  10. ^ "The full story behind the build of 106m Black Pearl". www.yachtharbour.com. YachtHarbour. 2 May 2017. Retrieved 11 October 2018.
  11. ^ a b "BLACK PEARL". www.boatinternational.com. Boat International Media Ltd. Retrieved 11 October 2018.
  12. ^ a b c René (19 March 2018). "Oceanco's 106.70 m BLACK PEARL (Project SOLAR) aka Y712 finally delivered". www.yachtemoceans.com. YachtAid Global. Retrieved 11 October 2018.
  13. ^ "OCEANCO S/Y BLACK PEARL DELIVERED". www.superyachtdigest.com. SUPERYACHT DIGEST. 9 March 2018. Retrieved 11 October 2018.
  14. ^ "Black Pearl". www.yachtharbour.com. YachtHarbour. Retrieved 11 October 2018.
  15. ^ "Black Pearl". www.superyachttimes.com. Retrieved 2019-05-23.
  16. ^ Fleet, Yacht Charter. "BLACK PEARL Yacht (ex. Y712) - Oceanco - Yacht Charter Fleet". www.yachtcharterfleet.com.
  17. ^ a b "BLACK PEARL Oceanco". www.charterworld.com. CharterWorld LLP. Retrieved 11 October 2018.
  18. ^ a b c d Helen Fretter (14 March 2017). "The world's biggest yachts – what's behind the growth of the gigayacht". www.yachtingworld.com. Yachting World. Retrieved 11 October 2018.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Oceanco Y712 (ship, 2017) at Wikimedia Commons