A binyeo (hangul: 비녀; Korean pronunciation: [pi.njʌ̜]) is a Korean traditional hairpin for fixing ladies' chignons. Its main purpose is to pin the chignon in place, but it also serves as ornamentation, and it has different usages or names according to its material or shape. Therefore, it is possible to identify one's social status by looking at the binyeo.[1]Binyeos are divided into two kinds, a jam (hangul: 잠; hanja: 簪; Korean pronunciation: [tɕam]) and a chae (hangul: 채; hanja: 釵; Korean pronunciation: [tɕʰɛ̝]). Jams have a long body and chaes have a ∩ shape. Binyeos are usually used by women, but they are also used by men to fix their sangtus (Korean topknots) in place.[2]

Binyeo with dragon head

In the Joseon Dynasty, on the day of becoming adult, the girls held a ceremony to become adults by putting binyeo on their heads. In the ascension myth "Chiwondae Yangsanbok," which is passed down in the Hamgyeong-do area, it also appears as a medium for Binyeo to meet the two loved ones.[3]


It is presumed that binyeos were used in the period of the Three Kingdoms of Korea with a Goguryeo ladies' hair style similar to chignons today.[4]


  1. Yisanghui, "flower viewing our culture", Nexus, 2004. 105 pages
  2. Korea Institute of archives, "Chosun era 3 life history", History bipyeongsa, 2006. Page 95
  3. Youngchinwang family boksik hanjari ... to May 23 the National Palace Museum Special Exhibition Cookie News 2010-04-27
  4. Yieoryeong, "bakmulji our culture", Design House, 2007. 274 pages

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Binyeo". Global Encyclopedia / Daum.
  2. ^ "Jam & Che, and Male's use of Binyeo". National Museum of Korea. Archived from the original on 2012-05-18. Retrieved 2011-10-25.
  3. ^ "비녀". terms.naver.com (in Korean). Retrieved 2021-04-07.
  4. ^ "Binyeo's Origin". Korean Britannica Online. Archived from the original on 2012-04-15. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)