Chignon (hairstyle)

A chignon (UK: /ˈʃnjɒ̃/, US: /ˈʃnjɒn/, French: [ʃiɲɔ̃]) is a popular type of hairstyle. The word "chignon" comes from the French phrase chignon du cou, which means nape of the neck.

Chignon example

Chignons are generally achieved by pinning the hair into a knot at the nape of the neck or at the back of the head, but there are many variations of the style. They are usually secured with accessories such as barrettes or hairpins. Chignons are frequently worn for special occasions, like weddings and formal dances, but the basic chignon is also worn for everyday casual wear.

HistoryEdit

The chignon can be traced back to ancient Greece, where Athenian women commonly wore the style with gold or ivory handcrafted hairpins. Athenian men wore the style as well, but they fastened their chignons with a clasp of "golden grasshoppers", according to The History of the Peloponnesian War, by Thucydides.[1] The chignon was specific to Athens, as other city states, such as Cyprus and Sparta, had their own styles of hairdressing.[citation needed] The chignon was also popular in ancient China, where married women wore the low, knotted hairstyle.[citation needed]

Male writers of the Victorian era, like Anthony Trollope, were fond of poking fun[1] at the perceived absurdity of the fashion, which was much in vogue in England in the 1860s. In the 1890s, the dancer Cléo de Mérode popularized the hairstyle in France.[2][3][4]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Trollope, Anthony (1869). He Knew He Was Right. Archived from the original on 29 November 2014. Retrieved 13 April 2018. Chapter 8.
  2. ^ "The Pennsylvania Gazette ...: Weekly Magazine of the University of Pennsylvania". 1916.
  3. ^ "The American Telephone Journal". 1903.
  4. ^ Maugham, William Somerset (1915). Of Human Bondage. ISBN 9780758317155.

BibliographyEdit

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