Jath State

  (Redirected from Bijapur Agency)

Jath State,[1] also spelled Joth, was one of the non-salute Maratha princely states of British India, one of the former Southern Maratha Jagirs. Jath State and Daphlapur State were the only two states belonging to the Bijapur Agency[2] under the Bombay Presidency, which later became part of the Deccan States Agency.

Jath State
Princely State of British India
1686–1948
Flag of Jath
Flag
Kolhapur-Jath map.jpg
Jath State in the Imperial Gazetteer of India
Area 
• 1931
2,538 km2 (980 sq mi)
Population 
• 1931
91,202
History 
• Established
1686
1948
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Maratha Empire
India
Today part ofMaharashtra, India

The state was founded in 1686 by the hereditary Patil (chief) of Daphlapur.[citation needed] Jath state (including Daphlapur) covered an area of 980 square miles (2,500 km2), and had a population of 68,665 in 1901, while the population of Jath town itself was 5,414 in that year. The Raja was married to Princess Usharaje Gaekwad of Baroda who was the grand daughter of Maharaja Sayajirao Gaekwad.

HistoryEdit

The Hindu ruling family of Jath State were Dafles of the Maratha Chavan clan, descendants of Lakhmajirao Yeldojirao Chavan, the Patil of Daphlapur. The Chavans traced their origin to Hindu Kshatriya Chauhan Rajput dynasty, Rajasthan. Lakhmajirao Yeldojirao Chavan entered the service of King Ali Adil Shah of Bijapur, and received a Desmukhi Watan of four Mahals in 1672. The Jagirs of Jath and Karajagi were conferred on his son in 1680. Emperor Aurangzeb confirmed these estates to the family in 1704. The male line failed four times during the state's history. Consequently, the state was either vested in widowed Ranis or ruled for them by regents for a total of seven decades.

Together with the small state of Daphlapur, Jath State formed the Bijapur Agency, under the collector of Bijapur District.[2] Daphlapur had an area of only 249 km2 and was annexed by Jath State in the early 20th century owing to lack of succession.

In 1911, the state enjoyed a revenue estimated at £24,000 and paid a tribute to the British Raj of £700.[2] Its flag was an orange rectangle with a four-pointed star in the upper left hand corner.

Rulers of JathEdit

The rulers of Jath belonged to the Dafle dynasty and took the title of 'Deshmukh'. The last ruler Vijayasingh Rao Ram Rao took the title of 'Raja'.[3]

DeshmukhsEdit

  • 1686 - 1706 Satvaji Rao (b. 16... - d. 1706)
  • 1706 - 1754 Yesu Bai "Au Sahib" (b. ... - d. 1754)
  • 1754 - 1759 Yeshwant Rao (b. ... - d. 1759)
  • 1759 - 1790 Amrit Rao I (b. ... - d. 1790)
  • 1790 - 1810 Khanji Rao (b. 17... - d. 1810)
  • 1810 - 1822 Renuka Bai (b. ... - d. 1822)
  • 1822 - Dec 1823 Sali Bai (b. ... - d. 1823)
  • Dec 1823 - Aug 1835 Ram Rao I Narayan Rao "Aba Sahib Dafle" (b. ... - d. 1835)
  • Aug 1835 - 29 Jul 1846 Bhagirathi Bai (b. ... - d. 1846)
  • 29 Jul 1846 – 11 Jan 1892 Amrit Rao II "Rao Sahib Dafle" (b. 1835 - d. 1892)
  • 13 Jan 1892 – 14 Aug 1928 Ram Rao II Amrit Rao "Aba Sahib Dafle" (b. 1886 - d. 1928)
  • 14 Aug 1928 – 23 Jun 1936 Vijayasingh Rao Ram Rao "Baba Sahib Dafle" (b. 1909 - d. 1998)

RajaEdit

Lieutenant Commander Shrimant Raja Vijaysinghrao Ramrao Babasaheb Dafle, educated like his father, Ramrao II, at the Rajkumar College, Rajkot, was the last ruler of Jath. Jath joined the Dominion of India on 8 March 1948 and is currently a part of the Sangli District in the state of Maharashtra. Regarded as something of a model ruler, Vijaysinhrao, the last sovereign ruler received the hereditary title of Raja in 1936. He formed a very effective partnership with his younger brothers, introducing far reaching educational, health and administrative reforms. He was also a noted cricket player. The Raja took up politics and represented his people in both the provincial and national parliaments after Indian Independence in 1947.

  • 23 Jun 1936 – 15 Aug 1947 Vijayasingh Rao Ram Rao "Baba Sahib Dafle"

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Imperial Gazetteer of India: Bijapur Agency". v. 8. Imperial Gazetteer of India. p. 174. Retrieved 20 March 2012.
  2. ^ a b c Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Jath" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 15 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 280.
  3. ^ Princely States of India


Coordinates: 17°03′N 75°16′E / 17.050°N 75.267°E / 17.050; 75.267